Where Middle East as follows: “The vast

Where is the
Middle East?
There is no single definition of the geographic scope and geographical
boundaries of the Middle East that has been around since about a century ago,
but on the other hand, historians, journalists and media outlets, on the
Persian Gulf and its surrounding countries as the center of the Middle East
Consensus. Therefore, the definitions that have been expressed in the Middle East
are very different in scope
Webster’s new geographic culture has defined the Middle East as follows:
“The vast area that includes the countries of South Asia and North Africa,
which in the past included Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Burma.”

Britannica’s new encyclopedia describes the Middle East in more detail:
“The Middle East is a land plotted around the southern and eastern shores
of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from Morocco to the Arabian Peninsula and
Iran, and even beyond. The central part of this general area was previously
called the Near East. The name given to this region by some of the new
geographers and historians of the West who tended to extend the East to the
three “Near East” regions to the closest region to Europe, from the
Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf, the Middle East, from the Persian Gulf to
the Southeast Asia stretches and divide the “Far East” into Pacific
coastal regions .

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Ahmed Nahibzadeh, a professor at Tehran University, has chosen the definition
for the Middle East:

“In the Middle East, almost all the eastern Mediterranean countries, like
Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula
(Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Oman) plus Iran,
Afghanistan and even Pakistan, and on the African continent, Sudanese countries
And part of Libya.


Some also consider some of the Arab countries, including Algeria, Tunisia,
Libya and Morocco, because of the strong historical and cultural attachment of
the Middle East. African countries Mauritania and Somalia also have links with
the Middle East. Turkey and Cyprus, geographically inside or near this area,
consider themselves part of Europe. Iran is the eastern border of the Middle
East, but sometimes Afghanistan is also considered as part of this division.

Professor George Owen, a Middle East historian and Middle East scholar at
Harvard University, said the Middle East term was originally a geostrategic
concept that was used for the first time in an area between the Persian Gulf
and Pakistan. This term (Middle East) during the Second World War involved a
vast region of Egypt to Iran, and from Syria and Iraq to Sudan, which was
controlled by the Center for the Protection of Middle East interests in Cairo.
In the last half century, the Middle East concept has become new dimensions and
has grown dramatically due to the prosperity of the Middle Eastern countries’
interrelationships, which have grown over the Islamic-Arab Commonwealth.
Gradually, the scope of the Middle East concept expanded to non-Arab countries
such as Iran, Turkey and Israel. Because these countries had close ties with
the Arab countries for a variety of geographic, military and economic reasons
(petroleum issues). The governments of the Maghreb (including Algeria, Tunisia,
etc.) were not initially located in the Middle East, but in the 1980s, by
drawing up a new map of the region’s economy by the World Bank and the
International Monetary Fund, the Middle East used a wider range of publics. The
world has found a new attitude towards this locomotive .

According to the above definitions, the term Middle East does not mean that it
is rooted in natural geography, so that the natural boundaries separate this
region from its neighbors in Asia and Africa, but the Middle East is a
historical, human, geographical, cultural, political, and economic concept. Or
George Owen’s concept is geostrategic. Some theorists have used the concepts of
the Arab world, the Muslim world and the Mediterranean for the region, but what
is certain is that the Middle East term since the beginning of the second half
of the last century has been the most useful and lasting framework for
scientific and public discourse for West is in the region.

The sensitive and
strategic region of the Middle East, once the origin of the early civilizations
of humanity and the place of the emergence of great religions, has today
maintained its importance as the centerpiece of international politics,
although it still has different perspectives on the borders and boundaries of
the Middle East. However, elements such as the traditional Islamic
civilization, energy and oil resources, geopolitical significance and,
ultimately, universal suffering and long-term international disputes through
long-standing conflicts in the region can be understood as the components
defined by the Middle East.4




Many of the
definitions of the “Middle East” – both in reference books and in
slang terms – refer to it as a region in Southwest Asia, which includes
countries between Iran and Egypt. While most of Egypt (except Sinai) is located
in North Africa, it is considered to be part of the Middle East. North African
countries such as Libya, Tunisia and Morocco, as opposed to the Middle East,
are called in the public media in North Africa.4