When they work independently with one another

looking at job design in the workplace, we know it is an enhancement in job
satisfaction, that will improve quality and to reduce employee problems in the
workforce.  It is also referred to as a
task or a work design that is the fundamental of human resources in the
management of organizations Job design is the main part in organizations tasks
to groups and individuals with in the business world.  There are core dimensions in job design that
are skill variety, task identity, task signification, autonomy, and
feedback.  We use these dimensions to
better understand which job designs that better suit organizations when
deciding to work in group/teams or simply working independently. A successful
job design whether in groups or individuals will result in a higher and
increased performance and productivity. 
Overall, there are three broad factors that affect the job design that
are organizational factors (work nature, workflow, and practices/ergonomics),
environmental factors (employee availability/abilities and the socio-economics
and cultural expectations), and finally behavioral factors (factors of human
need: autonomy, feedback, diversity, and the use of skills/abilities).  As reading through different material there
are many pros and cons in whether deciding if all jobs should be designed
around groups rather than individual based organizations.

            Should all jobs be designed primarily around a group
setting in the workforce?  To answer this
question, we must first identify the difference between a group and a
team.  In a team, there are two or more
individuals that interact and coordinate their tasks to succeed in
accomplishing goals of that organization. 
Teams have characteristics that show a rotating leadership, team members
working together equally, setting goals themselves in their performance goals, and,
they have an open and free boundary within that organization.  With in a group there is more than three
individuals that are part of a certain department or unit designed within a
company or organization.  Also, they work
independently with one another to set to achieve goals in that workplace.  Some characteristics of a group can slightly
differ from that of a team such as: they have a strong leader, go by the saying
“there is no I in team, but there is in groups”, they also have their
performance goals set by others and they have boundaries that work within the
group of that organization.  “With there
being many types of groups in the workplace, many managers believe that teams
and groups do achieve a higher quality and sense with developing products and
services than that of an individual job design,” (source doc 21).  When you are working in a team it is
beneficial because you have diversity and many creative input mindsets within
that organizations unit.  Extravert
personality types work wonderfully in the group design because they are very
social beings, creative, outgoing and are expressive individuals.  Group design in the workplace as many positive
feature and highlight many reasonings why they are highly effective teams.  Some examples are that groups share a
leadership because a team is hardly ever created or built based on one single
person.  Also, all team members should be
putting forth an effort because if one person is lacking or slacking off it
could mean failure towards the group as a collective whole.  Working in groups gives everyone a variety
with rotating responsibility with different jobs within the group.  When we pull together teams/groups in the
workplace employers try to get a variety of individuals from differing backgrounds
and can bring a vast of different perspectives that can be beneficial and
finding alternative solutions to problems that could lead to being more cost
efficient.   “In today’s business world jobs are
increasingly being organized in teams. 
Highly effective teams are characterized by such behaviors as
questioning and verifying appropriateness of their objectives and action in a
general since,” (source doc Extending). 
Many companies that have a group design or collectivism values in their
organizations are growing in numbers in the Asian countries.  Working in groups helps employers to keep
everyone in that team to be held accountable for their actions and encourage
more creatively that develops innovative ideas and solutions.  Groups are given more autonomy because they
are given the authority on how to allocate tasks and how they are
completed.  Because of working in groups
there are rewards that are given out on the result of the work from the group,
it also encourages a healthy since of competition between co-workers within
that organization.

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            When we examine the individualism or the individual
design in the business world of designing an organization we understand it
heavily influenced in the western countries such as France, The Netherland, and
the United States.  In these countries it
is clear that there is a large presence in capitalist entrepreneurship.  Not all organizations benefit from the
working standpoint of a group job design. 
“In poor social integration in the face of a need for seeking independence
in an organization that has a high level of absenteeism and the group develops
a since of  ‘doing their own thing’ that
can have a reflection on the success in working in a group, (source doc 20).  When highlighting the benefits of
individualism it is good nature to see the negative aspects of group design.  When working in teams there is a since of
unequal participation, when only certain individuals are pulling all the weight
other members could feel a sense of resentment in the workplace.  Conflict will arise and have a huge affect in
the morale of the company.  Group members
may feel separation by not everyone person being a team player.  Employer’s need to eliminate the individuals that
are considered to be loners and do not have a group mentality mind, while they
are perfect on paper at times their personalities are not meant for the work
culture in a group design.  When you are
working in an individual design it is easy to allocate your daily task into
categories of what to do and when you need to finish those tasks.  Also, when you are working by yourself or in
a individualism environment you are the sole person that is responsible and you
an make decisions on your own. When you are rewarded for your job of completing
and succeeding the goals that were set, you receive 100% of the praise unlike
working in groups were the reward is share among your colleagues. There is also
a lack of conflict in the job design because there isn’t any issues that arise
because you are working in an independent environment.    In the
individualism design it is part of a society that is high in their culturist
values of personal independence, setting themselves out from the rest and
attending to ourselves needs.  Individualism
in the workplace gives the employers a freedom unlike groups to explore
innovations of finishing basic tasks in both procedures and projects.  There is also the opportunity for the individuals
to voice their opinions and this allows for management and the employees to
have an open debate about future projects and developing new ways of thinking.  ” Goal orientation can be viewed both as a
personality and personal performance that may affect the future with the occurrence
of situational characteristics in the workplace,” (Doc 22). This is way the western
civilization has a higher sense of achievement especially in the United States.
 Individuals have the ability to have a
healthy competition with other co-workers and this highlights the individual
employees talents and skills to upper management for advancement in the

            “To understand design competitions, we need to evaluate
and analyze both the public face that states their goals, the prizes and
recognition they offer along with the unstated motivations,” (Resource 1).  When thinking of whether it is better to work
in the group or individual design, personally it is a difficult decision. Because
when you are part of the western world we are raised to be individual trendsetters
that come up with innovation designs that will change the future.  However, you can highlight that in groups, we
all are just individuals that are part of a group that bring together our
collective inspirations that shape the future agendas for an organization.  Working in groups seems to have a more broad
advantage than working individually for an organization to reach beyond its mission
statement and goals.  We must understand that
teams do have disadvantages and are not created naturally it takes a strong
leadership role to develop and hire individuals to become innovated and
successful.  “Group members posses different
pieces of information that is beneficial can increase the quality of decisions
that are made within the group and the open and honest platform created allows
sharing of that information is an important key in achieving a higher quality
of decisions,” (Do 6).  In groups they
develop over time a better arrangement of production in an organization that is
well-managed and can efficiently produced better results.  Other members can hold the others accountable
for their work that will help them reach and surplus their goals.

            When designing all jobs around groups we must understand that
groups are better are problem solving because we have a vast diversity of
individuals that will input different solutions to the problems.  As a company or organization is looking into
growing or expanding in the future in the management standpoint there needs to
be organization of keeping the teams in the company motivated.  First, is to develop a contract that will
keep individuals in the team educated on the mission, goals and the responsibilities
of their organization.  Then, the leader
of the group needs to incorporate short and frequent meetings to keep members
involved continuously that leads to a more focused and not leading the team to
drift in their responsibilities. Finally, when working with a team we must
involve the individuals. So, everyone should stand and report what they have
accomplished because people who stand up are more productive than those
individuals in teams of those whom sit down.