vName: Adele Raillot Relative I will Interview: Core: D Historical Event I will research: D1 – Developing Questions and Planning InquiryD3 – EVALUATING SOURCES AND USING EVIDENCE Question Type QuestionSource TypeWho’s Perspective?CitationNotesBullet points in my own wordsCompelling ELA Compelling QuestionWere the changes the 1988 Olympics brought about beneficial to South Korea?Answe red at end of project in final product and ELA essay. Yes:Supporting QuestionWhen and why did the Summer Olympic in South Korea happen? EncyclopediaBritannicaWikipediaSecondaryCallegaro, Daniel. “1988 Summer Olympics.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 6 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Summer_Olympics. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Summer_Olympics Sept 17- Oct 2 1988 The idea to bid for the Olympics was first entertained during President Parks administration, but was carried out in President Chun’sDecided to bid because hosting the Olympics presented an opportunity to bring international attentionGovernment hoped the Olympics would symbolize a new legitimacy of Korea in world affairsPresident also hoped Olympics would secure authoritarian regime amidst increasing pressure for democracyAlso hoped it would provide protection against North Korea, and showcase the “Korean Economic Miracle” to the worldSupporting QuestionWhat are some of the changes the 1988 Seoul Olympics brought about?Book/Online PDFSecondaryJoo, Yu-Min, et al. Mega-Events and Mega-Ambitions: South Korea??s Rise and the Strategic Use of the Big Four Events. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2017. Integrated into the global marketEconomic booster, profit was 479 million South Korea’s image was transformed from “a poor third-world country” to a country that had achieved the “Miracle on the Han River”Transitioned from dictatorship to democracySouth Korea took more interest in participating in sports and the OlympicsGoals became higher, and were joining the ranks of the world’s advanced nations, easing tensions with the reclusive Communist North Korea in the hopes of eventual peaceful reunification and, at home, ensuring that democracy took firm root after decades of army-backed repressionPut Korea into a global stage and inspired national pride Transforming impact on South Korea”The Seoul Games sparked a rapid growth in Korean businesses and income. The sporting event created work opportunities for Koreans, while earning immense amounts of money from a television contract with NBC and sponsorship from large international corporations, such as Coca-Cola and Kodak during the Games”Job salaries started to riseSupporting QuestionWhat are some of the changes the 1988 Seoul Olympics brought about?Online SourceSecondaryBrys, Marek. “Asia.” World Atlas – Maps, Geography, Travel, World Atlas, 7 Apr. 2017, www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/southkorea/krtimeln.htm. First free parliamentary electionsSouth Korea became more involved in world affairs, and established diplomatic relations with People’s Republic of China, and the USSR. Joined the UN.Raised international recognitionAffected foreign policiesPopulation increasedSupporting QuestionWhat are some of the changes the 1988 Olympics brought about?Online SourceSecondaryDaero, Se-jong. “Seoul 0lympics Gave Powerful Impetus to Great Changes in South Korea.”Koreatimes, 14 July 2010, www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/07/291_69415.htmlQuality of life improved noticeablyToday, the size of the Korean economy is 350 times that of 1960, and the trade is nearly 1900 times larger. The average lifespan was only 53 years, and now it is more than 82 years old.High ways and roads were restored and built before the Olympics-Many sports facilities were built, such as the Jamsil Sports Comples, the Olympic Yachting Center, the Olympic park, and the Seoul Race Course.1984 , the 88 Olympic highway connecting Yeongnam and the Olympic highway was opened in”Sovereignty Korea’s pride has demanded the right of the independent people to rule themselves. Koreans took the Liberal Democratic Party in 1988. This is the exact year when Korea hosted its first Olympic Games. Soon after, Koreans produced the first President of the Republic of Korea in 30 years.”Improved transport managementEnhanced and built cultural facilities(Seoul Arts Center, National Classical Music Institute, National Museum of Contemporary Art)Environmental beautificationUpgraded health and hiegene standardsCleaner city, as roadsides and public parks were cleanedPublic sanitation, health, and toilet facilities improvedSlum parts rebuilt with modern apartments426,00 m2 renovatedSupporting QuestionWhat is the price South Korea paid to host the Olympics?Online SourceSecondaryKlug, Kim Tong-Hyung And Foster. “South Korea Covered up Rapes, Killings of ‘Vagrants’ Ahead of 1988 Olympics.” Global News, Global News, 19 Apr. 2016, globalnews.ca/news/2649128/south-korea-covered-up-rapes-killings-of-vagrants-ahead-of-1988-olympics/.Government committed human rights atrocities-thousands of the homeless, the drunk, the unlucky, but mostly children and the disabled were forced into facilities before the OlympicsHundreds of beatings, rapes, and deaths resultedPresident ordered police and local officials to “purify the streets”.Supporting QuestionWhat changes in your life were brought about by the Olympic?InterviewRelativeGrandparents in koreaPrimaryRaillot, Adele, and Song Hee Soh. “1988 Olympics.” 23 Dec. 2018.Where did you live at the time? Seoul.How old were you? 36 years old.Did you watch the1988 Olympics? Yes, I watched the Olympics with my husband and children.How did life in your neighborhood change after the event?There was more interest in sports, and the overall quality of the environment/neighborhood improved.What changes and preparations were made in the city so that the Olympics could happen? Became cleaner and rebuilt buildings, roads, and other things.What political changes occured around the time? Well, there weren’t many political changes, but there were some changes that were made. At the time, the government and elections were more of a military regime, rather than democratic. After the event, it became more democratic.Were you ever hungry before the event. We weren’t hungry, but we weren’t very wealthy either. For example, at the time, many households couldn’t afford to own cars. However, after the event more people started to own cars as their salaries were increasing due to the growth in the economy. Did you move before the event at all? No, but we did remodel and change/clean the house before the event.What is one positive memory from your experience? Being able to watch the Olympics cause the next generation show more interest in sports and become more openminded towards other countries.How do you think this event has helped shape my life? I think that as a result of the event, you grew up in a better/cleaner and more welcoming environment. Due to this, you grew up Hong Kong, rather than Korea.What are some important events that happened before and during the Olympics? In the 1980 Olympics, the US didn’t participate, while in the 1984 Olympics, the Soviet Union did not participate. However, in the Seoul Olympics, both major countries participate, causing surprise among citizens. Even communist countries participated.What are some important events that happened after the Olympics? After the Korean War, South Korea was generally thought of as an extremely poor and undeveloped country. However, the Olympics made people realise that South Korea had recovered at an astounding pace and was a competent and developed nation. This helped introduce Korea to the global market. Also, the Olympics helped people have a more team oriented mindset. Would you say the quality of you life improved after the Olympics?Yes, as the city was rebuilt. Also, other countreis came to know more about South Korea, so Korean products were sold in other countries as well. This means the economy improved, and my salary increased.In what other ways did the Olympics affect you? It affect my mindset. My family became more open to other countries, which resulted in your parents moving to different countries. I also became more team oriented and patriotic.(the Olympic’s theme was Hand in Hand/harmony and peace of mankind)What did you feel while watching the Olympics?I remember feeling pride and hope, because our country had managed to pull off a great event. Supporting QuestionWhat problems were there during the Olympics?NewspaperPrimaryProudfoot, Jim, and Howard Berger. “Newspaper.” Between The Posts, Between the Posts, 30 July 2016, betweentheposts.ca/2013/07/newspaper-fronts-1963-2003/.Ben Johnson, a Canadian athlete, won gold at the Olympics. Three days later, it was found out he had been using steroids to enhance his performance. His world record was erased, and his gold medal was taken away. Many Canadians considered the games ruined.Supporting QuestionWhat problems were there during the Olympics?EncyclopediaSecondaryCallegaro, Daniel. “List of Olympic Games Scandals and Controversies.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 Jan. 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Olympic_Games_scandals_and_controversies. Boycotted by North Korea and CubaSouth Korean boxer Park Si Hun defeated American boxer Roy Jones by 3-2. Scoring was highly controversial, as Roy Jones landed 86 punches compared to Park’s 32New Zealand referee Keith Walker assaulted by Korean boxing officials, including two coaches and security guards, after announcing Bulgaria’s victory over South Korea American diver Greg Louganis suffered from concussion after hitting his head on a spring board, but won gold. In 1995, it was revealed that 6 months prior to the event he had been tested HIV postivie. Supporting QuestionWhat are some of the events leading up to the Olympics?EncyclopediaSecondaryBC, B. “South Korea – Timeline.” BBC News, BBC, 11 May 2017, www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-15292674. Oct 26, 1979 President Park Chung Hee assassinatedPresident Chun elected in 19801950 -1953 Korean War1983- Soviet Union shoots down Korean airline, killing 269 passengers1987 President Chun pushed out of office due to public unrest1988 First free parliamentary electionsSupporting QuestionsWhat are some of the events leading up to the Olympics? EncyclopediaSecondaryCallegaro, Daniel. “1988 Summer Olympics.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 6 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Summer_Olympics. 30 September 1981 Seoul chosen to host Olympics, finishing ahead of Japan by 25 votesGovernment ordered police and local officials to “purify the streets”, thousands of the homeless, the drunk, the unlucky, but mostly children and the disabled were forced into facilities before the OlympicsMay 18-21,1980 Gwangju Uprising or Gwangju Democratization Movement took place, resulted in violence such as clubbing, beating, cars ramming into people, tear gassing, and bloody gunfightsAfter Gwangju Uprising, martial law declared1986 Asain Games took place in KoreaSupportingQuestionWhat did the 1988 Olympic signify/mark?Online ResourcesSecondaryDaero, Se-jong. “Seoul 0lympics Gave Powerful Impetus to Great Changes in South Korea.”Koreatimes, 14 July 2010, www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/07/291_69415.html. The games marked the beginning of a new era when the country overcame political confusion during the decade before the games to establish a stable democratic governmentemblem of recovery, evidence of a successful entry into capitalism, statement of extraordinary national resilienceSeoul Olympics announced to the world a nation reborn via a despotic military regimeAlso marked the gathering of countries such as the Soviet Union and the US(the Cold War was going on), and signified peace/unitySupporting QuestionWhich countries participated in the Olympics, and for those that didn’t, why? What are some facts about the Olympics?Online ResourcesSecondaryCallegaro, Daniel. “1988 Summer Olympics.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 6 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Summer_Olympics. BC, B. “South Korea – Timeline.” BBC News, BBC, 11 May 2017, www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-15292674. 159 countries participated, and 13,304 athletes competedSecond Olympics to take place in Asia34 facilities where the competitions took place, and 72 facilities where competitors practice were used23 sport events(basketball, boxing, cycling, canoe racing, fencing, field hockey, soccer etc)Supporting QuestionWhat did North Korea think of the Olympics?Online Resources/BookSecondaryHa, Woong Yong. “KOREAN SPORTS IN THE 1980S AND THE SEOUL OLYMPIC GAMEs OF 1988.” Library La, May 1997, library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv6n2/JOHv6n2e.pdf.North Korea objected to holding the games in Seoul, as Seoul was “not an appropriate site for the 1988 Olympic Games because of its uncertain internal and international problems”NK did not recieve much attention from its alliesNK wanted the Olympics to be divided between Seoul and Pyongyang, each hosting half the events, and that the two Koreas field a single teamThis was decline, and NK was offered 5 or less eventsNK refused, demanding that they host more eventsNK boycotted the OlympicsDid your compelling question help you to understand your family’s history? Why?My compelling question helped me understand my family’s history as it helped me understand the roots of my family’s patriotism and what was different in my grand mother’s everyday life before the event. It also changed how I looked at Korea when I visited, as I now know of all the efforts and hardwork that made Korea what it is today. Another thing is that had the event not happened, people in Korea would probably not have been as openminded to other countries. However, as my mother and uncle were able to watch as athletes from all over the world competed, they were more open to the prospect of living in other countries. This eventually lead to them living in Australia and Hong Kong, both of which are countries they had no previous connection with. Did your supporting questions help you to understand your family’s history? Why? My supporting questions helped me understand my family’s history, because they helped me know the exact details of what had happened when I researched them. They also helped me understand the historical significance of the event, and what exactly had caused the Olympics to happen and why the such enormous changes were brought about. This in turn, helped me understand the emotions my grandparents had felt, and why my their children had moved to other countries. It also helped me understand how my grandparents came to live as they were. Due to the Olympics, roads, buildings, and hospitals were built, affecting their health and where they lived(in Bundang).