Victor Frankenstein, who is obsessed with reanimation, brings an unsightly creature to life. After the seeing the presence of the creature, he runs away and abandons it. The creature has to learn to survive on his own, while villagers and cottagers discriminate against him. His creator even discriminates against him which ultimately makes him feel rejected by society. When viewed through a Marxist lens, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein displays how the oppressed will unify to create an uprising against the oppressor. Shelley uses Victor Frankenstein as an allusion to the bourgeoisie. Frankenstein’s family is distinguished in the republic of Geneva. Frankenstein’s place in society leads him to repress his creation. In comparison, Frankenstein’s oppression is the typical practice of the bourgeoisie against the proletariat. Frankenstein creates the monster to satisfy his fixation on reanimation. The monster represents the factors of production, and Frankenstein represents the bourgeoisie who control the factors of production. The creation of the monster embodies the Marxist philosophy of how the bourgeoisie creates the proletariat. Before Frankenstein brings the monster to life, he judges the appearance of it. He thinks he is superior to the monster which causes him to not care about the monster’s needs. Frankenstein’s attitude toward the monster represents how the bourgeoisie does not care for the proletariat, and makes them to fend for themselves. Shelley uses the monster’s experience as an illustration to the proletariat. Frankenstein assembles the monster by combining different body parts. The body parts symbolizes the different components of the population the proletariat composes. Putting together the body parts foreshadows how the proletariat will unite to rise above the upper class. Once the monster enters a village, the villagers throws rocks and sticks at him. According to the Marxist theory, the bourgeoisie creates society after their own image. The constant rejection of monster because of his appearance emphasizes the class division between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The monster lives in a shed that is too small for him. He has to live in poor living conditions because he could not find any better. His struggle reflects the poor working conditions the proletariats endures because they need to sell their labor in order to survive. Using the interactions between the monster and Frankenstein, Shelley demonstrates that the oppressed will rebel against the repressive. When the monster confronts Frankenstein, he calls himself Frankenstein’s master. He recognizes he is in control, and restates his dominance. The monster’s self-recognition of power resembles the power shift from the bourgeoisie to the proletariat. After the conversation the monster, Frankenstein calls himself the monster’s slave. Shelley changes the monster being oppressed by his creator to Frankenstein oppressed by the monster. Thus, his declare of defeat signifies Frankenstein’s loss of power, and inferiority to the creature. To revolt against Frankenstein, the monster kills his family. The monster wants Frankenstein to the experience the agony he goes through. He breaks down Frankenstein’s established security, which parallels the proletariats breaking down the bourgeoisie’s established society. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley deliberately puts the monster and Frankenstein in two conflicting social classes to reveal that the repressed will revolt against the repressor. Shelley’s parents, Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, were both philosophers during the French Revolution. Thus, the dynamic between Frankenstein and the monster imitates the bourgeoisie and the proletariat during the French Revolution. Shelly uses both character to illustrate the French Revolution within her novel.