Title: Love in the Time of CholeraAuthor: Gabriel García Márquez Genre: Fiction, Magical realismSetting: “City of the Viceroys”, Cartagena on the Caribbean coast of ColombiaPoint of View: Third person P.O.V. (omniscient) The story is narrated in which Gabriel Márquez already knows the upcoming events, actions, and internal thoughts amongst characters. The significance of third person P.O.V. (omniscient) is to develop characters in a way where the author moves around characters to show their contribution to the plotAtmosphere: enchanting, romanticTone: sympathetic, depressingProtagonist: Florentino ArizaAntagonist: Lorenzo Daza (father of Fermina Daza)External Conflict: The major external conflict in the novel occurs between Florentino, Fermina, and her father Lorenzo. At the beginning of the novel, Lorenzo discovers the love letters that were sent by Florentino and Fermina. Angered by this, he forces Fermina to never see Florentino again and takes her away from home until she forgets about him. Florentino is saddened that the love of his life is far away from him. As a whole, the separation between Florentino and Fermina is an external conflict throughout the entirety of the story. Internal Conflict: The internal conflict in the novel is Florentino’s struggle to stay sane in his eternal love for Fernia. As Fermina returns from her journey away from home, Florentino notices Fermina in the market and approaches her in the Arcade of Scribes. When the two are face to face, Fermina falls out of love with him instantly. This breaks Florentino’s heart and he goes into depressing states of writing love letters to Fermina to take him back. But, she refuses to accept them and returns his letters back to Florentino. Later on, Florentino finds out that Fermina has married a successful man, Dr. Juvenal Urbino. This thought that the love of his life is with another man haunts him forever. Furthermore, the fact that he knows he is not good enough for Fermina torments him throughout his whole existence. Throughout the course of his adulthood, he begins to cope with the pain of unrequited love by having many affairs; about 622 affairs to be precise. All in all, he still struggles to keep his love for Fermina in his mind while maintaining relationships with other women. Protagonist’s Epiphany/Insight into the world: Florentino Ariza, the protagonist learns many aspects throughout the novel. In his younger age, he had noticed a beautiful woman named Fermina Daza that lives in the lower class of the city. The two had communicated through writing letters and as a couple of years past, Florentino vows his eternal love to marry Fermina. However, Fermina’s father got ahold of the love letters and forbids Florentino and Fermina to see each other ever again. Her father then takes Fermina away to escape from home until she forgets Florentino. Through all of this, Florentino has developed a deep attachment for Fermina and learns that love is the only thing that keeps him alive. Additionally, he learns an important lesson on time, in which he is willing to do anything to see the woman of his dreams, despite how long it may take him. In the meantime, he makes a promise to himself to save his virginity for Fermina.Climax: The major turning point in the novel occurs when Fermina’s husband, Dr. Juvenal Urbino passes away fifty decades into marriage. Earlier on in the story, one of Florentino’s greatest wishes was for Dr. Juvenal Urbino to die and that he will compete for Fermina’s love once he dies. After visiting the wake of Dr. Urbino, Florentino seizes the opportunity to admit his boundless love towards Fermina and aims to revive their love when they were younger. This is a jurassic event for both Florentino and Fermina and is a prime example of a climax since it acts as a cliffhanger of what’s about to happen next in their love life. Other Significant Characters and their Roles: Aunt Escolástica – acts as a mentor/a motherly figure for Fermina, she looks after her and teaches Fermina about love, later on revealed that she died of leprosy Dr. Juvenal Urbino – acts as a minor protagonist/climax character, he is a specialized doctor for Cholera and the one that Fermina chooses to marry to Tránsito Ariza – acts as a supportive character in guiding her son through the highs and lows of love, the mother of Florentino Ariza who runs a pawnshop, later on dies Fermina Daza – acts as an identity character, she is the wife of Dr. Juvenal Urbino and Florentino’s lover, she is characterized as a beautiful and sophisticated women Significant Literary Devices: Simile: “The furnishings in the reception rooms, including the pendulum clock that stood like a living sentinel in the drawing room, were all original English pieces from the late nineteenth century…” (Márquez, 18). The significance of similes in Love in the Time of Cholera brings the depictions to life with lively comparisons between objects and help visualize the scenario for the reader. Symbolism: “Cholera became an obsession for him. He did not know much more about it than he had learned in a routine manner in some marginal course, when he had found it difficult to believe that only thirty years before…” (Márquez 114). The significance of symbolism evokes a deeper meaning within small ideas and connects it into a bigger idea altogether. Within this quote, the disease of Cholera is well-known for its infectious bacterias. But, it is profound symbol for it is constantly associated with love, fear, and death. Side effects of Cholera mainly include severe vomiting, yet love can take on this effect as well. In Florentino’s case, he had vomited in earlier chapter not because of Cholera, but because of his uneasy emotions by falling in love. Imagery: “They flew over the lake dwellings of the Trojas in Cataca, painted in lunatic colors, with pens holding iguanas raised for food and balsam apples and crepe myrtle hanging in the lacustrine gardens” (Márquez 226). The use of imagery induces a more pleasant and vivid picture to capture the reader’s senses and aesthetics. Motif: “Dr. Urbino caught the parrot around the neck with a triumphant sigh… But he released him immediately because the ladder slipped from under his feet and for an instant he was suspended in air and then he realized that he had died without Communion…” (Márquez 42). The importance of motif plays a role in representing literal and figurative ideas. The motif of birds in Love in the Time of Cholera signifies the danger and risk. Evidently, Dr. Urbino suffered a tragic death from his parrot. Furthermore, this unfortunate incident marks terrible danger as it is later mentioned throughout the story. Major Theme: True love – One should be willing to sacrifice for the person one lovesMinor Themes: Perseverance – When you come to the end of your rope, tie a knot and hang on tightlySelect one particularly memorable or significant quote: “The Captain looked at Fermina Daza and saw on her eyelashes the first glimmer of wintry frost. Then he looked at Florentino Ariza, his invincible power, his intrepid love, and he was overwhelmed by the belated suspicion that it is life, more than death, that has no limits” (Márquez 348). This quote is particularly significant because it genuinely wraps up the suffering of Florentino and ends the novel with a happy ending. In the duration of Florentino’s existence, he was always lovestruck by Fermina and her beauty, but could not have her due to a better offer that came along, Dr. Urbino. Also, Florentino had pledged to himself that he would make Fermina his one and only after her husband dies. Fifty years later, they are reconnected on a cruise and their love is rekindled. Despite all of the time, pain, and heartbreaks, Florentino proves that love has no limits and that waiting for the love your life will eventually pay off in the long run.