Throughout conflict management policies of the Union towards

Throughout the 2000s, Somali local clans were under attack by a joint African operation in an effort to salvage what is left from the country and establish and effective government. The Transnational Federal Government (TFG) was installed in 2004 and aimed at rebuilding the institutions and regain the trust of the local population by organizing elections (Beri, 2011, p. 453; Burgess, 2013, pp. 305-308; Raffaelli, 2007, pp. 121f; Sicurelli & Fabbrini, 2014, p. 45).                The efforts employed by the international community, including the EU, USA, African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN), are top-down, the same as in Afghanistan and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This was received with a dose of skepticism by some, as the country possessed extremely strong and well organized local community (clans). Instead of top-down approach, a bottom-up approach might have yielded more results.                The conflict management policies of the Union towards Somalia aimed at strengthening regional organizations and developing structural stability. EU’s endeavors in pursuing a top-down approach amounted to financial support for the transitional government, initially, and after its failure in training and equipping the forces of AMISOM (the mission of the African Union). AMISOM’s mission immediately after its establishment has been depleted from its resources and funds, thus, not being capable to fully realize its potential. It lacked coordination (the actions was being led by both AU and member states) and ability to further recruit members. EU, unlike the USA, is considered to be more of an economic power, with limited global responsibilities and ability to use non-military tools (Beri, 2011, pp. 453f, 461f; Loubser & Solomon, 2014, pp. 7f; Sicurelli & Fabbrini, 2014, pp. 42f). In light of this EU’s financial assistance to the AMISOM mission amounted to €721 million covering allowances, running costs, transportation, medical costs, housing, fuel and communication equipment etc. (Rein, 2015, pp. 198f)The mission established by the EU in Somalia (EU Training Mission) strived to train and develop the national military and police forces, in cooperation with the AU and other international actors. Additionally, it supported governance, security, education and economic initiatives (Burgess, 2013, pp. 311f; Sicurelli , 2014, p. 53).