This the study is to understand the character

This study is to analyse the 
material , characterization, and construction techniques for the
conservation of   the traditional
building at necropolis, Glasgow. This essay is also focused on the conservation
of fabric based on the ethical principles and legal responsibilities and also
explaining the future impacts on conservation techniques. The octagonal shaped
Monteath mausoleum is a listed A beautiful monument at the southeast corner of
the uppermost front of the necropolis, built in the 19th century
with sandstone as a material. The location of the structure is directly exposed
to weather, they behave differently to the entire structure. The research on
conservation material technology is applied on this monument, With the help of
experts advise the material sample has been tested and analysed, the
information  about the building pathology
and the causes of decay have been analysed on the previous  course and described briefly, with survey
drawings.

The main aim and objective of the study is to understand the
character of the materials ,the causes of decay and Analysing the pathologies
of the current condition of the historic building at necropolis and arising a
proposal explaining the conservation techniques applied to the monument.

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The methodology of the study is to collect data’s from the
lectures, books, articles, net source, site studies, experts advice and the
details of  other conservation project as
a case study  is used as the reference
material. The sample stone has been tested and analysed for the further  clarification about the stone and proceeded
with the next step of conservation techniques.

The research focused on the monument is built with
sandstone, on the analysis of pathologies the technologies required for
cleaning are described briefly below.

Pro forma Recording Sheet carries a systematic
collection of information about the building in order to maintain the records
on the areas of the conservation.it should be detailed out with area numbers,
type and function of the building, environmental records,  material description, masonry style,  problem of the material ( stone decay,
maintenance issues, other relevant factors ),The proper measurements of the
area to be repaired.

Decay categories should be examined, the types of
stone decay  and the condition of the
stone should be analysed on what reason the stone has affected. Individual
decay of the stone should be briefly explained.

 

Stone repair and maintenance requirements should be
highlighted in the survey drawings , explaining 
the monument needs urgent repair, or it can be repaired after certain
years,  or any part of  stone replacement is required ?,

In recent years physical cleaning method has developed wide
variety

 of techniques which
claim to have little damaging effect on the stone.

        *  Water Washing

               Low
Pressure  & high pressure Water
Washing

              
Technical problems and good cleaning associated with that

       *  Steam Cleaning

         *  Grit 
blasting Techniques

                Dry
Grit Blasting grit blasting

                
Technical problems and good cleaning associated with that

        * Disc
Cleaning

          *
Brushing, Rubbing

          * Wet And
Dry Abrasives Or Surface Redressing

                Effects
of abrasive cleaning on sandstone

Chemical cleaning methods includes liquid, poultices, these
may employ the use of alkaline treatments, acidic treatments,  or organic solvents, either in single or in
combination.

 

– Technical Problems And Good Cleaning Associated With That

The rotating discs, hard metal brushes or other grinding
devices which are attached to the power tool are the main reason for the severe
disfigurement of many of Scotland’s traditional stone buildings . Now a days
the use of damaging abrasive techniques has almost reduced and disappeared

* SPECIAL TECHNIQUES – may promote the use of
impregnated sponge, the use of bacteria, laser technology, ultrasonic
equipment, heat lances, gypsum inversion, poultices  or gels, and surfactants ( degreasants or
soaps) .

v  Understanding
the fabric and the evolution of places is must, this also includes 1) its
background , reason behind how it is changed over time, 2) the form and
condition of its constituents elements and materials, 3) construction
technology 4)any habitats it provides 4) any comparison with similar places.

v  English
Heritage Conservation policies will guide in offering advice or in
making decisions about particular types of changes that affecting
significant places. More than one type of change may of course be included in
any particular proposal. English heritage is primarily concerned with effect of
proposals on heritage values of places and its policies are framed accordingly.

               

v  The
significant place  should be under routine
management and maintenance.

v  Periodic
renewal of significant places , intend or inherit in the design is normally
desirable unless any harm caused to heritage values  would not be recovered over time .

v  Repairs
are necessary to sustain heritage values , its useful if : sufficient
information to understand the impact of proposal of the place,  the proposal are designed  to 
minimise harm.

v  Intervention
of the  significant place to know the
history,  involving material loss of
evidential values.

v  Restoration

v  New
work and alteration

v  Integrating
conservation with other public interest