There used to cure or reduce the effects

There has been a problem(s) reported in several parts of the world. The reported problems have been entirely associated with the unusual behaviors of the living things. So, out of curiosity, most scientist decided to dig deeper to know what is really causing these unusual behaviors. On top of that, those scientists wanted to come up with a solution to solve that menace which had caused unimaginable damages across the world. That is why they opted to study gene editing since this was the only method that they thought will best solve the problems at hand. Gene editing is a technique in which DNA can be inserted, modified, replaced or deleted in the genetic material of an organism. This method is mostly used to correct the mutating genes by engineering the nuclear bases that can make up a double strand or single strand DNA gene. These nucleases sites are altered and repaired by homologous recombination and non-homologous joining of the ends of the altered gene. There are four families of the nuclear bases which can be engineered and they include: mega nucleases, zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector-based nucleases (TALEN), and the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9) system. This is a process which was first discovered back in 1991. This experiment can be done for many reasons which could include; curing genetic disorders by replacing or deleting the defecting genes e.g. cystic fibrosis, can be used for slowing the process of aging e.g. cardiovascular disease which is age related. In this case some genes are introduced into the cell which can give an individual a chance to live twice longer. Another reason for gene editing is that it can be used to cure or reduce the effects of some complex or incurable diseases. The genes introduced into the cells for this process can suppress the effects of the diseases on the individual e.g. heart disease giving an individual a healthier and longer live expectancy. Gene editing can help to reduce the treatment costs because the process is done once and then regular check-ups are conducted therefore reducing the cost for regular surgeries. (Julian, 2015)ObjectiveSo, the main reason for this research is to understand how to fix the mutating genes by introduction of the new genes and the impacts of the new introduced gene in the individual’s system. (Arian, 2017). Results MethodThe process of gene editing can be performed by the use of tiny scissors called TALENs. These scissors can cut and fix a broken gene in a cell. This tool has a potential to help with diseases such as sickle cell anemia and cystic fibrosis because these diseases have a single gene which is broken. The scissors cannot be used for diseases such as cancer because so many genes are affected therefore leading to more cuts in the genes. The tool can also fix broken genes (Rajat, 2014).The first thing the TALEN tool does is to find the broken gene in the patient’s DNA in order to avoid landing on other genes which can cause other diseases. Targeting only a spot of a single gene is hard because there are so many genes in the human gene (Feng, 2015). TAL is a bacterial plant gene which is used to identify the broken gene made up of different building blocks and each building block recognizes one DNA letter either A, C, G or T. after finding the broken gene, the TALEN tool is now used to fix the mistake and for this a second bacterial gene is used. The TALEN tool is made by combining TAL bacterial gene with the endonuclease that will cut it. TAL + endonuclease=TALEN.The next step is to paste in a working copy of the broken gene. Once the TALEN makes a cut and the right DNA sequence is added, the cell then does the fixing on its own in a process called homologous recombination. (Stacey, 2013).DiscussionThe above diagram represents how TALEN works by repairing the broken genes. The broken gene maybe have occurred because of either gene mutations or some diseases. The TALEN bacterial gene when it is introduced into the cell, it finds and recognizes the broken gene. Now, in most cases, gene editing happens to the somatic cells. This is quite okay because any changes which happen to the cells are not passed to the next generation. However, it may prove to be disastrous or again helpful if this technology is applied to the embryo or sperm cells. Depending on whether the technology yielded good results or not, then the same results are passed to the next generation through reproduction.  Nevertheless, this serious some serious ethical concerns since some people may use the technology to enhance the character traits of a human being (Gupta, 2014).Well, I will support gene editing if at all it is not misused. I mean, the technology should only be applicable in scenarios such as genetical modified food. This is okay since the food will be used to feed the poor who are dying of hunger. Besides, there are negligible negative effects of this technology in this scenario. But, if at all the technology is to be used to enhance some human traits, then, I don’t think I will ever support that. This is because it is unethical practice and so, therefore, continuing with this technology will result in some serious damages to the communities or families involved. Conclusion.First of all, after carefully examining this technology, I can gladly say that it will be of great help now and in the near future especially when dealing with problems that arise due to genetic mutations.Secondly, I however, will object the use of this technology to solve problems that involve human traits or characters. While the latter might not have a severe physical challenge, it nevertheless, leads to ethical challenges. This is a problem that has to be taken into deep consideration. It should not be taken lightly