The to 200 BC, the temple stands on

The
Parthenon is the largest Doric temple constructed in Greece and has become an
icon for Greek architecture. Completed in 438 BC, this monument stands on the
hill of Acropolis, Athens. Its considered to be a classical temple built by
Aegean civilisations (900 BC and 1st century AD) in dedication to
goddess Athena. Ancient Greek architecture is renowned for its grandeur and
established characteristics. Temples were built to be looked at, therefore the
Greek constructed the ‘perfect’ buildings using optical illusions. Upwards
curvature and adaption in intercolumniation are a couple of the design
alterations the Greeks made during the Classical period to create the ‘perfect’
building. The Doric order is also very characteristic of the Classical era,
upright posts which support horizontal beams made from stone became very
common.

In
contrast, the Temple of Apollo is an exemplar construction of the Hellenistic
period and is located in the fourth largest sanctuary in the Greek world. The
main difference between the Hellenistic period and the Classical is the
exposure to new cultures which altered the traditional Greek culture. The
idyllic architecture that was portrayed to be a perfect illusion was replaced
with naturalism during the Hellenistic period. This was reflected in the
construction of the Temple of Apollo. Completed around 300 BC to 200 BC, the
temple stands on the western-coast of, what is today, Turkey. The Greeks
believed that the local natural spring was the source of prophetic power and
therefore built the largest temple found on this site. The main difference
between architecture built during the Classical period in mainland Greece and
the Hellenistic period in Asia Minor was the order. In the Temple of Apollo, we
can appreciate that the columns are fluted with no base and are categorised as
ionic and Corinthian. In comparison, in the Parthenon is the largest Doric
temple in the world, so we can appreciate a simpler capital and a fluted shaft.

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The main difference between the two temples, besides the orders, is the
internal space of the temple. In the plan of the Parthenon we can appreciate
only 17 columns on the long sides of the temple, and 8 on the smaller sides.
Most of the columns of Parthenon are located in the interior space. These
pillars vary in size, but they are paramount in terms of the infrastructure and
mechanics of the temple. In the plan of the Temple of Apollo we can appreciate
42 columns on the long sides of the temple and 20 on the smaller sides. These
exterior columns support the whole structure, which means that the interior is
an open space without any pillars. The main difference in terms of the
organisation of temples in the classical and Hellenistic periods is the
distribution of the interior space and positioning of columns.