The taxes and resolve disputes between the states.

The most
difficult task for a young state after proclaiming its independence is to preserve
it and to become a stable nation. Usually, nations fail to do so due to such
factors as unstable political situation, the absence of powerful legislation,
poor economic situation, weak martial law etc. The US managed to cope with
these difficulties and thus was able to become a stable nation.

First of
all, the victory in the American Revolutionary War and establishment of the
independent state created favorable conditions for rapid economic development
of the United States. The USA managed to establish commerce with the rest of
the world and capitalism began to rapidly develop in the country (Channing,
176). This was facilitated by natural conditions: a mild climate, fertile land,
abundance of forests etc. In addition, the constant influx of immigrants from
Europe contributed to the cultivation of the new lands and development of
industry. The relatively safe position of the country beyond the ocean made it
possible to dispense with large military expenditures.

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Secondly,
as a result of the constitutional reform of 1786-1791 the missing organs of
federal government were created (Jayapalan, 20). After gaining independence the
US used the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union as its main law,
however the federal government acting under the Articles remained weak and
often lacked the full powers to collect taxes and resolve disputes between the
states. For this reason, in 1787 the convention of Philadelphia took place and
established the Constitution of the United States (Jayapalan, 20). As a result,
this document became the basic law of the new state and strengthened the US in its
legal personality.

Thirdly,
America’s power was determined by its geographical position: remoteness from
the European continent, the absence of strong neighboring states and a large
territory. The latter was achieved gradually, step by step, but the US
expansion began already after the War of Independence. Believing in Manifest
Destiny Americans gradually began to settle and/or seize neighboring
territories, forcing the indigenous population either to assimilate or to wage
war (Adams, 8).

Taking
everything mentioned above into consideration, economic growth, governmental
reform and establishment of the Constitution, as well as convenient
geographical position and acquisition of the new territories promoted the US
becoming a stable nation.