The global phenomenon through which one-third of the human world communicate is called “INTERNET”. It has blended into our life. The Light bulb, telephone, electricity has single inventors but Internet has many and evolved ever since. Internet is the abbreviation of “Internet transmission control”. Later in 1982, name Internet was made official. The idea of the Internet was conceived by US Department of Defense in California in the early 1970s to be used as a weapon in Cold War. High officials of the military to communicated through the process called Packet switching. Its protocols were developed by ARPANET.
In early 1980, the Internet was not accessible by everyone. This gave birth to commercial ISP (Internet Service Provides), which provided common man with access to the Internet. People started storing their documents and other web resources on WWW (World Wide Web). Uniform Resource Locator and hyperlinks via Internet identified their information. There are billions of websites storing wide variety of information. British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented first website in mid-1991. He made his web technology free and open for everyone to use. Within a decade, web revolutionized and companies like Google, Amazon and E-Bay debuted.
Today, we send and receive messages on daily basis using multiple application or platforms. “LO” was first ever message sent using Internet. It happened in Stanford University when a student was trying to type LOGIN and abruptly system crashed. When system recovered, a message appeared “LO” as he was able to type only first two letters of Login before system crashed. After that event sending messages became frequent using service called E-Mail. It is widely used service on Internet. E-mail is an abbreviation of “Electronic Mail”. Ray Tomlinson was the inventor of E-mail, a scientist from the Cambridge University. Emails are sent and received using the unique email address every user has. In 1976, Queen Elizabeth used this service and sent her first ever E-mail.
Internet has been growing like Topsy since its invention. Many inventions contributed to its growth. It has touched every country. Initially, computers were connected to each other through wires. Invention of wireless commutation, Wi-Fi has eliminated the use of wires. Wi-Fi made whole world come together. Now Internet has become most reliable and fastest mode of communication. Any kind of Information transmitted on the Internet travels as fast as two-third the speed of light. Every user of the Internet has access to wide range of knowledge around the clock, irrespective of their age, geographical location and language.
Uncountable number of businesses has achieved greater heights through Internet. E-Commerce is one of the services, which made entrepreneurs to sell their goods directly to customers. People can pay their bills, shop or transfer money effortlessly by using E-commerce service. Weather warnings on the Internet regarding hurricane, storms etc. let people take appropriate actions and avoid any unwanted circumstances. Now-a-days people stay connected with each other through social networking like Facebook, Twitter and many more.