The link to a particular service (Bock et

The TMAP application sent out only a total of 6 text messages a week, one on Thursday, two on Friday and Saturday evening, and one on Sunday evening, participants were asked to rate the question on a likert scale of 1 (“not at all”) to 10 (“liked it a lot”) based on how effective they thought the message way. The participants got to choose between eight topics. When participants choose the option pregaming , tips about pacing themselves. When safety was chosen, tips on making sure they always have an exit plan in case trouble arises.  Driving/social responsibility meant making sure they had a safe drive home, and if they were the designated driver than not to drink. Consequences related to thinking ahead and planning where they wanted to be in the morning, either a friend’s house or their own. Limits and strategies was setting a limit of themselves that night and not letting themselves go over it.  Physical sensations was reminding the to think of how they felt and to focus on the feeling of their body to tell them when they’ve had enough. Planning was making sure they have the number of cab to make sure they have a safe ride home. Lastly, Fun/ emotional/ social related to that the alcohol isn’t the one creating the fun, it was themselves.  (Bock et al., 2016). They were also able to text one of the following five phrases at any time TAXI, COST, BAC, TIPS, or PARTY, which provided the participant to a link to a particular service (Bock et al., 2016).

 During post-treatment, participants reported less than two heavy drinking episodes (HDE), during baseline participants reported 51.6% of instances being HDE, during intervention the number dropped to 27.6%, demonstrating that the treatment was successful. Results have shown that, in general, text message delivery interventions have an effect on reducing alcohol abuse behaviour (Bock, Barnett, Thind, Rosen, Walaska, Foster, Deutsch et al., 2016). Youth need to be introduced to the TMAP program to help over-come alcohol abuse, before they are seriously affected by the health outcomes.  At the end of the trial, TMAP participants were more likely to report zero negative alcohol consequences, results remained consistent through post-treatment. Overall, TMAP study provided encouraging results.

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            The LBMI-A is also an effective mobile device treatment for alcohol abuse. LBMI-A utilizes smartphones to deliver assessment and intervention in real time to individuals struggling to cope with alcohol addiction (Dulin & Gonzalez, 2017). Dulin and Gonzalez (2017) believe that smartphone intervention has the possibility to bring intervention to a larger amount of people who are not receiving help through traditional means.