The in preventing, managing, and improving certain health

documentary Food Choices: How Our Diet Affects the Environment produced by Michal
Siewierski and Kaiser Permanente, a
non-for-profit health plan, while different non-fiction forms of communication
that share a common mission of providing important information on the effects
of the food we eat and how changing our diet can improve our lives. The
documentary Food Choices advocates the benefits of eating a plant-based diet and
begins by discrediting long believed myths about eating land animals and the
advantages of doing so and makes the connection between food choices that the
consumer is making and the environment.  Kaiser
Permanente is an integrated managed care consortium that has
started to embrace the concept of disease prevention
from one’s diet.  As a part of their
website, there is an eating and wellness section that incorporates eating
healthier and eating to prevent and manage diseases.  The website explains the significance of
eating healthy and the role dieting plays in preventing, managing, and
improving certain health problems.  Each
in its own way, both non-fiction forms of communications convey the message
that the foods we eat can positively and negatively affect our health.   As a way to prevent disease and illnesses,
one has to be conscious of the foods they are putting in their bodies and make
an effort to understand the health benefits and costs of the food we are eating
and the alternative options. In addition to Food Choices and Kaiser Permanente
website, the article Fast-Food Nation Part One: The True Cost of America’s Diet
by Eric Schlosser and the text ‘The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the
Wrong Nature’ by William Cronon relate to the
non-fiction forms and serve as further evidence to the theme of diet and

Choices produced by Michal Siewierski
is a documentary that
discredits notions that are widely believed to emphasize the benefits of eating
a plant-based diet.  One way this
non-fiction form represents the theme of food is by incorporating interviews
from professors, renowned doctors, nutritionists, environmental experts,
holistic health practitioners, athletes, chefs, authors, bloggers and includes
people who overcame diseases such as cancer and depression by completely
changing their diet to a plant-based one. Another way this form represents the
theme of endorsing a plant-based diet is through pathos and logos.  The film employs pathos, by using an
emotional point of view to persuade the audience.  By showing videos of animals being treated
cruelly with sad music and quoting John Joseph McGowan, a punk rock singer and
plant-based author, saying, “everybody talks about the holocaust but what about
the holocaust were creating for animals, every year were killing billions and
billions of animals and you want peace on earth, peace on earth is for all living
entities not just humans” plays on the audiences’ emotions.  The film uses logos, appealing to the audience’s
sense of logic and reason to persuade the argument.  By having nutritionists’, doctors and university
professors all explain in detail how studies and examples show obvious benefits
to be living by a plant-based diet.  With
examples from D. Anthony Evans an inspirational cancer survivor and healthy
lifestyle enthusiast, who credits changing his diet to beating cancer and
saving his life and Natalie McIntosh, founder of and a
wellness advocate and speaker, who credits not eating land animals and only
eating plant-based food with curing her depression.  Using examples of people whose illness has
been cured by eating a plant-based diet as well as athletes and nutritionist
who provide multiple reasonable instances show the logic and reason to change one’s
diet.  The film represents food through
pictures, interviews, stories and, narration. 
Through these methods, the filmmaker created a form to express what he
learned about the connection between food and health to create his argument.

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the end of the film, after the nutritionists and professors have made clear the
disadvantages of eating land animals and advantages of eating plant-based foods
the film turns towards healthcare in America. 
The narrator tells the audience that America spends more money on
healthcare than any other country in the world yet we have some of the highest
rates of chronic disease on the planet, but fortunately, some healthcare
insurances are starting to embrace the concept of disease prevention in
addition to treatment (Siewierski,
2016). Some examples of
health insurance providers that are starting to accept and encourage the approach
of disease prevention from a dietary standpoint are Kaiser Permanente and Medicare.  Kaiser Permanente a healthcare provider
option, has included a health and wellness section on their website to bring
awareness that in addition to insurance plans and visiting doctors, “a healthy diet is one of the
most powerful medicines you have to keep you well” (  Dr. Michael Greger who is a physician, nutrition expert and author and,
founder of explains why insurance companies are promoting a
healthy diet and lifestyle on their websites in addition to insurance
plans.  “Medicare now accepts
reimbursement for the Dr. Dean Ornish’s program for reversing heart disease and
this is out of a recognition that this is not only safer, cheaper but it’s more
effective than the traditional approach which is very costly surgery and a
lifetime on drugs.  This is reducing suffering
and saving lives but from a fiscal responsibility it’s so much cheaper, cost effective,
that if it’s Medicare the taxpayers are fitting the bill so they’re saving
money by making people healthier (Siewierski,

The non-fiction form, Kaiser
Permanente’s website
represents food in a different way than the documentary Food Choices.  There is only one picture of food on the page,
it is an image of three bell peppers and there is a short paragraph about the
importance of eating healthy and how a balanced diet could prevent heart disease, diabetes,
dementia, and many other conditions.  The
page then lists twelve links that lead to pages that each specifies a different
disease and what foods would prevent and help that disease.  This non-fiction form is representing the
theme of the diet-health connection and how altering one’s diet could prevent and
help fight disease through stating facts in an easy and accessible manner.  The website isn’t using videos, ethos, logos
or interviews to make an argument, it is simply making readily available the
information that anyone can learn more about the role diet plays in preventing,
managing, and improving certain health problems by reading their linked articles
(  To represent the theme of diet-health, this
form made the information of how to eat healthier in relation to specific
diseases straightforward and easily attainable.

As both the documentary Food
Choices and the health insurance website Kaiser Permanente tell the similar story of how a healthy and
balanced diet has many positive benefits for one’s health they do so in
different ways.  As a documentary, Food
Choices tells the story through narration, interviews, pictures and,
videos.  The audience hears a lot of
examples of why a plant-based diet is so important from nutritionists and
people who have changed their diets and experiences life-changing results.  On the other hand, the non-fiction form of website Kaiser Permanente incorporates the health and
wellness section where there is a paragraph on how eating a healthy diet can
prevent and manage diseases with links allowing one to see how certain diseases
and foods are connected.  This is a
different way of telling a similar story because the information is straightforward
and right in front of you with the resources to get additional material.  Where in a documentary the information is
presented in a story-like way that includes nutritionist and professors
teaching the information by using examples and stories in an entertaining
way.  I find the documentary which
presented the information in an entertaining way of an educational topic to be
more compelling.  The producer leads the audience
on a journey to find out information and punctuates the message with inspiring
stories and the topic presented in an engaging manner makes the argument as
well as the form more compelling. 

One myth that is discredited
in the beginning of the documentary is that people are concerned that if they
change their diets to solely plant-based they won’t get any calcium.  The only reason consumers think they need
calcium is that decades ago scientist were telling people they needed to have a
higher calcium intake.  It turns out that scientists
were influenced by the dairy industry to say this because people weren’t
drinking enough milk. Dr. T Colin Campbell who is a
professional emeritus of nutritional biochemistry at Cornell University explained
that while the dairy industry is having scientist say that people need to have
more calcium in reality if you look at the relationship between how much
calcium people consume in different societies as a relation to a disorder such
as osteoporosis, the bone disease, the higher the calcium intake the higher the
risk of osteoporosis (Siewierski,