The through his skills as a general

The Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire, was founded by Cyrus the Great. Cyrus founded the Persian Empire through his skills as a general and diplomat who respected others religious beliefs (Hunt, Martin, Rosenwein, Hsia, & Smith, 2009). Cyrus the Great, also called Cyrus II, was the first world leader to be referred to as “the Great” (Sorat, n.d.). The title was well deserved, not only because of his great conquests, but his tolerance toward the people he conquered. He is credited with writing the first declaration of human rights with The Cyrus Cylinder. His writing detailed how he would better the lives of the people of Babylon, and promoted his humane policies (Ghasemi, n.d.). The tolerance he showed his subjects was one of the many factors that made him successful. During his reign, Cyrus built the largest empire to be seen to that point. The Persian Empire stretched from Anatolia, the eastern Mediterranean coast, and Egypt on the west to present-day Pakistan (Hunt et al., 2009). His success in creating and sustaining the Persian Empire has made him an notable historical figure.Early LifeWhile there is plenty of documentation of Cyrus’ accomplishments, little is known about his early life. Most of the information on Cyrus’ early life is taken from Histories, written by the Greek Historian, Herodotus. However, the information provided may be no more than a legend (“Cyrus the Great,” 2007). Cyrus was the child of Cambyses and Mandane. His father was King Cambyses I of Anshan. His mother, Mandane, was the daughter of the Median King Astyages. According to the legend, after the birth of Cyrus, his grandfather, Astyages, ordered his death because he had a dream that his grandson would overthrow him. Despite these plans, Cyrus escaped death because the steward ordered to execute him could not kill a newborn. Instead, the steward gave Cyrus to a herdsman who raised him as his own. Later, the truth was revealed when Astyages discovered Cyrus at 10 years old. It is said that behavior of the boy was too noble to be a herdsman’s son (Frye, 1998). Astyages allowed his grandson to live and return to his birth parents, however, the steward suffered harsh consequences. The plan Astyages had set for his grandson had failed; the dream that was foreseen of Cyrus overthrowing him, would later come true. How Cyrus Rose to PowerAfter the death of his father in 559 B.C., Cyrus became king of Anshan. At this time, Anshan was in a vassal state under the Median Empire. The empire was ruled by his grandfather, Astyages, who had conquered all Assyrians kingdoms besides Babylonia. In 550 B.C., Cyrus rebelled against Astyages and led his army into Ecbatana, the capital city, and successfully conquered Media (Sorat, n.d.). Cyrus had defeated his grandfather and assumed the title King of Persia, fulfilling the dream that was seen many years before (“Cyrus the Great,” 2007). His conquest of Media would be the first of many wars Cyrus would face. It was just the beginning of what would turn into the greatest empire the world had yet seen. His sights then turned to Lydia. The King of Lydia, Croesus, first attacked the Persian Empire in the winter. The lack of allies from the opposing side, made it easy for Cyrus to take the capital city. In 546 B.C., Cyrus conquered the Lydian Kingdom. Although it is speculated, the fate of King Croesus is not confirmed. Some sources say that Croesus ended his life to avoid capture, while others say he was taken by Cyrus. In 539 B.C., Cyrus captured the Babylonian Empire. It came with no resistance. The dissatisfaction with the King Nabonidus helped the conquest of the land (Frye, 1998). When Cyrus conquered the Babylonians, he permitted the Hebrews to return to their part of Canaan. The area was called Yehud, from the kingdom named Judah, from which the word Jew came. He is mentioned in the Bible as liberator of the Jews. Cyrus allowed the Jews to rebuild their main temple in Jerusalem and practice their religion (Hunt et al., 2009). After Cyrus conquered Babylonia, he placed the Cyrus Cylinder under their walls. On the Cylinder, Cyrus described how he had taken the city of Babylon, and how he would transform the lives of those living there (“First Declaration of Human Rights,” 2017). His control of Babylonia, gave him Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine. Cyrus’ combined conquests created the largest empire seen during the era. How Cyrus RuledWhat made Cyrus successful was his attitude toward the people he conquered. Although he had conquered many lands, he did not force a new way of life onto his new subjects (Ghasemi, n.d.). The article, “Cyrus the Great,” from the New World Encyclopedia (2007) reports, “The cylinder decrees the normal themes of Persian rule: religious tolerance, abolishment of slavery, freedom of choice of profession, and expansion of the empire.” The Cylinder is an important part of Cyrus’ rule because it is what made his subjects adore him. His acknowledgement of human rights and freedom of religion, (“First Declaration of Human Rights,” 2017). Add more about his behavior towards his subjects.His ImpactInclude here how his empire inspired others and how he united a big group under one ruler. Also something about his religious tolerance and how that affected history. Something about how it’s kept by the United Nations and stuff like that. Given these points, Cyrus the Great has proved himself to be a great leader. He expanded in a way no other had before. Cyrus promoted religious tolerance… He set the bar for future empires with his vast expansion. Cyrus’ legacy lives on through his amazing conquests and through the Cyrus Cylinder which promoted human rights in an unprecedented way. Cyrus’ vast conquests inspired the empire building of many after him. Cyrus’s policy of generosity toward the conquered became standard Persian practice