The five most well-known Hofstede’s cultural dimensions
Distance (PDI): This is
the degree to which weak people of a community agree to the matter that power
is not shared equally. Individuals in civilization with vast power distance
have their proper site in society. The stature of a person is significant to
showcase the power and respectful place for elderly citizens. On the other
hand, the senior members of the culture make efforts to look younger and the
dominant population is modest in the poor power distant country (De Mooij,
M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
(IDV): Individualism refers to the nature of a population where
one cares about himself/herself and their family only, whereas collectivism
indicates to the culture of people who look after each other. In individualism,
a person is recognized by his/her character and the conversations are more rhetorical
and clear, where, in collectivism, the chats are more contained (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
(MAS): The culture of masculinity mainly focuses on the accomplishment
and triumph of the population. Prestige is also vital for a masculine culture
to show their victory. On the contrary, the commanding factors in feminine
culture is having responsibility towards other people and the kind of life one
is leading. People are more directed towards each other and do not care about
their status. Furthermore, feminine cultures have minute role differentiation
between male and female compared to that of masculine culture (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
avoidance (UA): This is an attempt made by people to dodge
the fear caused by skepticism and unpredictability which they sense to a
certain amount. Culture with high uncertainty avoidance requires law and the
people rely on experts, whereas, cultures with low uncertainty avoidance have
people believing strongly in generalist and individuals are more creative and
ambitious (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G.
orientation/Short-term orientation (LTO): It is the degree to
which a population models a realistic, future-directed aspect instead of a
typical consequential or short- term mindset (De
Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)). The vital goal for the short- term orientation
is exemption, authority, success. But, in long-term orientation, the important
principals are training, integrity, robustness, liability and prudence (Hofstede, G., & Minkov, M.
According to The World Factbook (2016), China had been a dominant community and also
leading ahead in front in science and arts; they lost their flow in the 19th
and 20th Century due to local instability and huge drought, but
eventually things had gotten better for the country and China raised its
worldwide outreach and cooperation in universal institutions. Being the 4th
largest country in the globe, China has the largest population of the
population and is situated in Asia. The average age of the population is 37.4
years. The country spends only 5.55 of GDP on health expense. China has a GDP
growth rate of 6.8% and also has an industrial growth rate of 6.2% along with
the largest labor force in the world. It is the largest exporters of textile,
Australia is a very beautiful and diverse country
when it comes to withholding different cultures. Apparently, it’s home to 10%
of the world’s biodiversity according to The World Factbook (2016). It is
located in the continent, Oceania. The mean age of the people is 38.7 years.
The country invest 9.4% of the GDP on health and has an increase of 2.2% of
GDP. The industry increment rate is 1%.
According to The World Factbook(2016), Germany is
Europe’s biggest economy and highest populated country after Russia. Germany
is a crucial representative of the continent’s economic, political and defense
organization. It is placed in Europe. The GDP rises by 2.1%. it ranks in 15
in the labor force.
When Mexico was subdued in the early 16th
century, it was the home of modern Amerindian development. But, gradually the
country had become home of mighty drug institution’s home. It is located in
America and has a population of 124 million roughly. Despite, the country has
a real GDP growth rate as Germany.
These countries do have differences in
Power Distance, where China has higher Power Distance at 80 compared to that
of Australia’s 36. This means the
society is respectable towards the unequal
behavior of the powerful people, while low PDI refers to less discrimination
and more friendlier with high rank people (Hofstede, G., 2001,2010).
China at 80 has greater value than
Germany at 35. This means the German societies back the middle class families(Hofstede,
have huge PDI values which does not support equal rights.
China is lower at 30 where Germany is at 65.
German culture provides strict regulations(Hofstede, G., 2001,2010).
Mexico has higher UA score than China.
China has lower IDV of 20 compared to that of
Australia’s 90. This means Australians are more self-centered and only care
about themselves where in Chinese believe in working in groups(Hofstede,
Both countries have low IDV values. Both
countries would love to work in groups.
Both countries have high MAS value which
means the people of both countries aim for success and have less emotional
attachments towards people. They are more likely to differentiate between
genders as well.
Both nations have immense MAS scores. i.e, people
are more materialistic.
LONG/SHORT TERM ORIENTATION(LTO)
Both China (87) and Germany (83) have big values
for LTO. Both countries have pragmatic cultures(Hofstede, G., 2001,2010).
Mexico has the least and China has the highest
LTO score which shows Mexican society is more impatient.
Germany has the
biggest market for the business in Europe because it is second most populated
with the biggest economy. So, expanding the business of electronics and
telecommunication over there will not be a risky task. Moreover, the labor
force there is huge. Since, the cultural dimension LTO is higher, people will
give more than their effort and time to the product and the labors will be
happy as well due to the lower Power Distance (PDI) value. The chance of any
discomfort between the higher rank employee and workers is very minute. I would
like conclude advising for the expansion of a branch.