The school of thought emphasising learning through reflection on experience considers individual to gain and construct knowledge by interacting with their environment through a set of perceived experiences. (Fenwick 2001). Works of Kolb(1984), Piaget(1966) Dewey(1938)and Wells (1995) have greately contributed the constructivist view of experiential learneing .The theory of constructivism implies that the learner or the individuals are constructors of their own knowledge which is generated by interacting with their social environment(Vygotskey,1978)
Experiential Learning from a constructivist Perspective: Reconceptualising the Kolbian Cycle
The new “Principle” is texted out in similar situation, then in different situation, and the learner continues to revise and reshape the learning based on what happened trough experimenting with it. The learner may not actually text out the new skill but may simply think through its application .Kolb and other theorists maintain that although the adults are exposed to a multitude of life experiences, not everyone leaners from this experiences. Experience alone doesn’t teach. Learning happens only when there is reflective thought and internal processing of that experience by the leaner in the way that actively make sense of the experience, link the experience to previous learning and transform the learner’s previous understanding in some way.
Finally the learner applies the new things through active experimentation. The learner ask, what will I do next time? How will I adopt this principles for other context?
This is where the learner ask ratio what principles seems to be operating here? What journal ‘rule -of – thumb’ I have learned here? What new experience reveal about myself, or people, or how thing works in this particular situations?
Third, the learner uses insight gained through the reflective observation to create and abstract conceptualization.
Second the learner take some time for reflective observation. The learner asks the experience; what did I observe? What was I aware of? What does this experience mean to me? How my experience have been different?
First, the learner lives through some kind of concrete experiences .this could be simulated experiences developed specially for a learning situation, such as a case study or a role play, or an exercise involving the learner in actually experimenting with the skills to be learned .Or this could be real life or workplace experiences that the learner has encountered.
David Kolb (1984) developed a theory that attempted to clarify exactly how different people learn by integrating their concrete emotional experiences with reflections. For him reflection is all about cognitive process of conceptual analyses and eventual understanding .Kolb believed that experiential learning is a tension and conflict filled process that occurs in a cycle. New knowledge and skills are achieved through confrontation among concrete experiences, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and subsequent active experimentation.