Simer Why Grow Organically and Weed Management There

Simer SidhuCGC1D0-HMr. CollingsJanuary 12th, 2018Organic FarmingIntroduction Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock production. You may thing organic farming is very simple process but there is actually a lot more to it than just not using pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, etc. There are over 669 certified organic farmers in Ontario in 2007 with over 10000 acres of land for crops and livestock. There has also been a recent 10% increase in recent years for organic farmers.General Principles and Promotions Organic farming is very complicated with many rules and regulations to follow. There are a few general principles all farmers usually follow. The main goal of organic farming is to protect the environment and cause as little harm as it as possible, this means minimizing soil deterioration and erosion, decreasing pollution, etc. Another main idea is to maintain long term soil fertility and maintain biological diversity. This means that the soil is capable of growing many different types of crops. Growing organic livestock also has its principles. You need to provide attentive care to promote good health and that works for the behavioural needs for that animal. Preparing organic products is a very careful process that should be handled in order to keep the organic integrity of the crop or livestock. Organic farms usually rely on renewable energy sources because they are better for the environment. General Prohibitions With the list of rules to follow for organic farming there is a list of things that are generally prohibited. Prohibited products and practices cannot be used on certified organic farms for at least three years before the harvest of certified organic products. Livestock must be raised organically, meaning they eat organically grown food and they aren’t caged in and are able to socialize with other animals. Products of genetically engineering are prohibited. The use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, sludge, drugs, food processing aids, and ingredients. Why Grow Organically and Weed Management There are many reason why we should farm organically. The main reason people farm organically is because they have a concern for the environment. There is also an issue about how much energy farming takes up but if you farm organically you use renewable energy therefore using less harmful energy sources and less energy in general. Normal farming require a lot of energy for their intensive processes or growing their crops which mainly rely on fossil fuels. Overall organic farming is more profitable and self rewarding. Since farming organically results in the prohibitation of synthetic pesticides, there are weeds. There are many ways to remove weeds organically. Tillage is one of the many ways to remove weeds, this method consists of turning the soil in between crops to remove the existing weed growth. Another method is mowing/cutting which us removing the top growth of weeds. Flame weeding/thermal weeding is the process of killing weeds using heat. And finally mulching is blocking weed growth by covering the ground with organic material or plastic films.Conclusion Ultimately, organic farming is a good way to preserve the environment and get good produce. Without the use of pesticides and fertilizers you can still produce great crops