The other aspect of it is ‘Administration of Development’. According to this interpre­tation, we expect development administration (administrative organization) to act as an instrument in the implementation of development programmes, projects and policies.

This may involve raising the standards of education, transforming social systems, improving public health, raising national income, stabilizing political system, conserving national resources, improving communication system, constructing dams, power plants and undertaking many other developmental tasks of national importance.

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Thus it has two aspects. These are two sides of one coin. In this context, Fred W. Riggs very aptly remarks: “The reciprocal relatedness of these two sides involve a chicken and egg type of causation.

Administration cannot normally be improved very much without changes in the environmental constraints (the infrastructure) that hamper its effectiveness and the environment itself cannot be changed unless the administration of developmental programmes is strengthened”.

Unless the administrative effectiveness of government is increased, the development objectives which a developing country may aspire for fulfillment cannot be achieved.

Thus the field of development of administration and administration of development. The former concerns the nature of administrative capacity for development and methods of improving and increasing it. The latter concerns the organization and management of various development efforts.