Salvador and religious traditions. Among the most popular

de Bahia was once the first capital of Brazil and was where one of the largest
ports for African slaves was located. The slaves that were brought to Brazil also
brought with them their faith and religious traditions. Among the most popular African
religions was Candomblé. In the beginning of the 19th century the first
temple was founded in Salvador Brazil (wik). Camdomble is an African Brazilian
religion that was formed by several traditions of the African continent. Candomble
maintains the traditions of Africa as a whole and it is believed that one who
practices candomble is directly connected to the energy of Africa. They believe
in one god they call Olódùmarè, meaning “all powerful” or “almighty god.” They
also believe in deities that are representations of energies of nature. In
Camdomble the deities are referred to as Oxrias, there are hundreds of them
reflecting different manifestations of Olódùmarè. For many years Camdomble was
driven underground and forced to maintain a level of secrecy due to religious
persecution from the authorities. Inside of a temple in Salvador de Bahia they
actually have altars that were built with compartments behind the showcase of
Catholic saints; here they would place the Orixa shrines they wanted to keep
hidden during police raids. Even though religious freedom is protected under
Brazilian law, followers say they still undergo religious persecution. Today
Camdomble is more of a melting pot, drawing follows from all over Brazil.

though Camdomble is present in all locations over Brazil, it’s still stronger
in the lower class. Many Brazilians refer to it as the religion of the poor.
Ceremonies included parties, musical drums, and dancing around ora shafts.
Choreographed dances are preformed in order to become possessed of each
ancestor spirit. Devotees believe they are taken over by their deities. This
belief that they each have their own Oixa and it comes to earth within them
shows that they value it as a form of personal worship. This possession like
moment is strived for because they are actually able to engage with their
deities. Each person has their own deity they inherit from Africa based on his
or her personality. Orixas are the emissaries of Olódùmarè or God almighty.
They rule the forces of nature and endeavors of humanity. Orixas are recognized
though different rhythms, colors and feelings. Each with their favorite foods
and other things they like to receive as offerings and gifts. One Oxisa is
called Oxossi. If he was your Oxisa then you’d believe all your protection came
from Oxossi and because his sacred day is Thursday, you would spend your
Thursday worshiping him and talking to him. If you went to a worship ceremony
you’d be dressed in freshly cleaned all white clothing also making sure to wash
yourselves before entering temple to rid themselves of the unclean world. Women
usually lead the services and they’re called “mothers of the holy one” and must
train future priestesses. During these services everything relates to your Oixa.
The rhythm of Oshala’s dance and beating of the drums is very slow because it
represents his old age and how he was the first Orisha to be created. In every
part of nature we have orixá. Candomble followers must learn to understand and
respect nature as a form of reverence towards the Oxias. In Cndomble your ancestors
are your warriors and the ditties love you and everyone on earth. The followers
strive for sense of peace and respect for the world and humanity as a whole. As
a young person it gives you instructions on how to live and the strength to
survive society and the system. It’s believed that if you have spiritual peace
than you can focus yourself to achieving your goals. Their doctrine is often
directly related to a social hierarchy. Being a religion that was founded by
slaves and still being considered outcasts as Afrobrazilians they believe that
the meaning of life is to embrace everyone. They would say that the problem
with this world is unfair governments and unachieved equality. Candmble has no
prejudice and is tolerant towards homosexuals, all skin colors, and all
nationalities. Today they have about 2 million followers and almost all of them
are still located in Brazil. It’s mostly oral tradition with no written text or
scriptures. The only moral code they try to pass down is the evil you cause to
people will return to you eventually, but still no concept of good and bad that
is written down. The goal of life is for each person to fulfill his or her
destiny to the fullest. 

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