Robert little.” (Hayden, 1962/2013, p. 2373) The poet

Robert Hayden poetry and especially the poems “Those Winter Sundays”, “Middle Passage”, and “Homage to the Empress of the Blues” are intended to recover what had been lost of the African-American experience. In “Those Winter Sundays” the author attempts to recover the memory of family relationship, parental duty, and a sacrifice parents make without being praised by their children:” No one ever thanked him.” (Hayden, 1962/2013, p. 2377) This poem is not focused on African-Americans but on all people and the universal values. “Those Winter Sundays” transcends race and represents a family that is not African-American. It could be any family and thus, the poet conveys the message that equality for African-Americans means to be regarded as a part of the others.In “Middle Passage” Hayden recalls suffering which have been brought about by slavery.  This poem represents the struggle for recovery from the experience African Americans endured: “I cannot sleep, for I am sick with fear, but writing eases fear a little.” (Hayden, 1962/2013, p. 2373) The poet cannot ignore the pain, but he tries to escape to his own mind. The uprising of slaves, led by one Joseph Cinquez, aboard the slave ship Armistad and the aftermath inspire him to reaffirm the eternal human desire for freedom. Thus, Hayden gives cosmopolitan meaning to this particular moment of African-Americans’ experiences. In “Homage to the Empress of the Blues” Hayden represents the melancholy, grief, and despair experienced by the black singer, the Emperess of the Blues. However, despite this melancholy and despair, the proud woman is able to ” came out on the stage in yards of pearls, emerging like     a favorite scenic view, flashed her golden smile and sang.” (Hayden, 1962/2013, p. 2377) Thus, the poet conveys the message that neither slavery nor racial discrimination can take away the pride and dignity of African-American people.