Poor the creation of ozone, which can cause

Poor air quality affects human health, impairs visibility, and can
cause damage to buildings, structures, and crops. Recent studies have linked
exposure to air pollution to decreases in lung function growth rate in children
(Gauderman et al., 2002). Children who play outdoors are at risk from exposure
to ozone pollution, as are adults who spend large amounts of their time
outdoors, for instance farm or construction workers. Theses exposures to ozone
pose a larger risk to asthmatics and those individuals with preceding
respiratory conditions. The San Joaquin Valley is exposed to high
concentrations of pollutants in the ozone and particulate matter, thus
increasing the affects to human health (Meng et al., 2010).

            Agriculture
is responsible for a wide range of the region’s pollution. Just about a few
years ago, farmers in the region would regularly burn wood twigs and cuttings
at the end of the season, creating huge sources of particulate matter in the
air. Farm activities account for more than half of direct emissions of
particulate in San Joaquin Valley (Cowan, 2005). Ozone also damages crops by
interfering with the photosynthesis process, resulting in lower yields (Heagle
1989). Along state air pollution laws, farmers had been excused from permit
requirements that are applied to other industries; instead new regulations
including adjusting concentrated animal feeding operations, must be applied for
air pollution permits from the state. However, this wouldn’t be the only issues
that face regulation, other reasons of ozone changes may include burning
firewood, agricultural water pumps, and wine making.

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            The wildfires burning near the Valley combined with
high heat and a strong high-pressure system hovering over the Valley are
causing smoke emissions to remain trapped within the air basin. This can result
in spikes in particulate matter levels and ozone levels, especially during the
afternoon hours. Smoke
from wildfires produces particulate matter (PM) and contributes to the creation
of ozone, which can cause other serious health problems such as asthma attacks,
stroke, and increased risk of heart attack. Other people with existing
respiratory conditions, for example young children, and elderly people are
especially at risk for health effects from these pollutants. The
growing pollution affects the adults, young children, future generations which
can lead to fatal diseases (Meng et al., 2010). Children are more likely to be
affected by outdoor air pollutants than adults since they have higher
respiration rates and spend more time outside. Since children tend to breathe
more through their mouths than through their noses, fewer particles are
filtered out as air enters their lungs (Schwartz, 2004). Since particle
pollution increases the risk of asthma attacks and respiratory distress, heart
attacks, stroke, and premature death; therefore World Health Organization
conducted in the result that breathing particle pollution causes lung cancer.
The ground- level ozone triggers asthma attacks, increases the risk of hospital
admissions and emergency room visits and even increases the risk of premature
death.

            Alongside
rapid regional growth, the challenge facing regulatory agencies and other
policymakers is the essential to go above and beyond air pollution control
measures that are acceptable in less inhibited regions. California
has passed many legislations to promote cleaner air and supporting
technological innovations that emit less pollution (Calef, 2007). In 1990, the Federal Clean
Air Act Amendments began a program to monitor the ozone (San Joaquin Valley
Air, 2004). However, after this, California started to take its responsibility
to help reduce the air pollution by including awareness and commitment among
the public to do their share in keeping the air clean. Years of improvement in the number of
days exceeding the federal 1-hour ozone standard are slowing. Only little progress
has begun in reducing the number of days from going above the state air quality
standard for ozone or the new federal 8-hour ozone standard. One of the primary
challenges is that emissions are increasingly from sources that have not been
regulated previously and from sources outside the local air district’s
jurisdiction. Another challenge has been securing funding to implement voluntary and incentive-based emission reduction
programs. Every day, about
millions of residents face increased health risks due to unhealthy air. Nevertheless,
the San Joaquin Valley still faces enormous challenges in attaining clean air.

            Although it is difficult to make a
change immediately, even our small effort and step can create a change for the
better. Air is necessary for survival and if we don’t keep the thought of
keeping in clean and healthy, then it can cause an issue in the long run which
could result a horrendous problem. We have come a
long way to where we are now in solving some of the problems of air pollution.
Optimistically, the state has executed new laws and taken new steps to order
improve its air quality, therefore it’s an effort towards change for the better.
Certain steps such as not burning trash, using environment safe products, not
using your car more than needed, etc. can help this problem change the
direction it is heading towards. Through this effort people can not only stop air
quality from getting worse than it already is, but help the environment and its
habitants. If you treat the Earth right, then it will return its favor; it’s
your own perception of how you want to look at it.