Page Break Women; these are the mothers of your children, your wives, your bosses, your teachers, your coworkers, your cashiers, your sisters; the list just goes on and on and on. Almost fifty percent of the population is made up of women, and women weren’t even “granted’ the same equality of men. Women were left out of all decisions and decision making by not being allowed to vote. This caused grave issues among women and the population. Women had to do something about this. Women organized groups and established associations to fight this cause. Women tried hard and showed much progress throughout this cause. Eventually, after a long hard battle women got the right to vote. In the united states, women felt they were being treated unfairly. Women were denied their natural born rights that were enjoyed daily by men. Women could not own property. Women had no legal attachment to their money. Women were denied all things that matter in life; especially their voice to vote on any decisions. Women were known to be maids; they were known to do housework, to raise kids, to feed the men and children. Women were basically slaves. Women were forbidden from politics or important decisions like voting. This had to end, after all they do make up fifty percent of the population. During the 1820s and the 1830s various reform groups were formed all over the united states. These were groups from all over like antislavery, religious movements, temperance clubs, etc. In these clubs, women played the role of leader, they were the bosses. This is the time when women began to think newly about what being a woman in the united states meant. Talk is talk, but actions what you do is what really matters. Women getting the right to vote is what matters, so the suffrage movement must be organized. State by state women began to toughen up and it began to become a national problem by 1848. In July of 1848 Elizbeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first women’s right convention at Seneca falls in New York. Women from all over attended, and even some men. During this meeting at Seneca falls, American women from all over agreed that they were equal to men and deserved their own political opinions. When they were involved at the Seneca falls convention, our women of America developed a “Declaration of sentiments” which states “When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” This was the women’s version of the constitution, claiming their equality and their natural born right to vote. After the Seneca falls convention, national suffrage groups were established. Women from all over the united states inloved in the women’s suffrage movement found themselves divided over the issue of voting rights for black males. America finally passed the 15th amendment to the constitution, which grants black men the right to vote, but denied women of every color the right to vote. In 1869, women formed the national women’s suffrage association (NWSA) with the idea that women would be granted the right to vote. In the same year the American women suffrage association was founded (AWS). The first victory was in 1869 when Wyoming granted all females twenty-one or older the right to vote. This swayed other states to give women the right to vote. The AWSA and the NWSA tried hard to get congress to look at them, and congress did. They gathered enough influence to lobby the United States congress for a constitutional amendment. Congress responded by forming committees in both the house and the senate but it was defeated. In 1890 the NWSA and the AWSA merged together to form the national American women associations (NAWSA). Women tried to sell women’s voting rights on a state by state basis. Within six years, three stated granted women the right to vote, but this was not enough. Slowly, state by state women achieved the right to vote. Between 1910 and 1918; Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota and Washington all extended voting rights to women. This still wasn’t enough though. Women organized parades, pickets, and marches; all calling attention to the cause. These ways definitely got attention and raised awareness. The night of inauguration in 1983, protesters ambushed a massive suffrage parade, and hundreds of women were injured. In 1885 Alice Paul founded the congressional union for woman’s suffrage, which later became the national women’s party. The national women’s party picketed the white house, along with many other tactics. Some women were arrested and some served jail time. They tried again with congress, and president Wilson addressed the situation. Wilson said, ” I regard the concurrence of the Senate in the Constitutional amendment proposing the extension of suffrage to women as vitally essential to the successful prosecution of this great war of humanity in which we are engaged … It is my duty to win the war and to ask you to remove every obstacle that stands in the way of winning it. I had assumed that the Senate would concur in the amendment because no disputable principle is involved but only a question of the method by which the suffrage is to be extended to women. This is a people’s war and the people’s thinking constitute its atmosphere and morale, not the predilections of the drawing room or the political considerations of the caucus. If we indeed be democrats and wish to lead the world to democracy, we can ask other peoples to accept in proof of our sincerity and our ability to lead them whither they wish to be led nothing less persuasive and convincing than our actions. Our professions will not suffice. Verification must be forthcoming when verification is asked for.This war could not have been fought, either by the other nations engaged or by America, if it had not been for the services of women – services rendered in every sphere – not merely in the fields of effort in which we have been accustomed to see them work, but wherever men have worked and upon the very skirts and edges of the battle itself. We shall not only be distrusted but shall deserve to be distrusted if we do not enfranchise them with the fullest possible enfranchisement, as it is now certain that the other great free nations will enfranchise them … The executive tasks of this war rest upon me. I ask that you lighten them and place in my hands instruments, spiritual instruments, which I do not now possess, which I sorely need, and which I have daily to apologize for not being able to employ.” Even though president Wilson supported women, women’s right to vote failed in the senate by two votes. A year went by before congress took up the topic again. On may 21, 1999; a United States representative James R Mane; who was a republican from Illinois and chairman of the suffrage committee proposed the house resolution to approve the movement; that is granting women the right to vote. Womens suffrage passed the house 304 votes to 89 votes; more than two thirds majority. Two weeks later the senate passed the nineteenth amendment 56 votes to 25 votes; only two votes over its required amount. The amendment was then sent to the states for ratification. Within six days of ratification, three states ratified the amendment. Three more ratified it on June 16th 1919. By march of the following year, thirty-five states approved the amendment. This was only one state less of the required amount for ratification. Tennessee had the deciding vote, and they decided to vote for it. Atlas the nineteenth amendment was ratified. Certification by united states secretary of state followed on August 26th of 1920. On November 2nd of the same year, more than eight million women across the united states voted in elections for the first time. All proud of their major accomplishment. In 1984, all of the human population could vote. Women finally had a voice and a say in all decisions. This grave error had finally ended and all women & men were equal in America. Women went through many tragedies, just to obtain their natural born right to vote. Many associations were founded for this case, and after a long hard bloody battle; women were finally granted the right to vote.