p.p1 Have your pet spayed or neutered.

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TOPIC: Have your pet spayed or neutered.
ATTENTION STRATEGY: More and more families are keeping pets and treating them as family members. Yet there may be some problems that plague us.
CENTRAL IDEA: Spaying or neutering pets that is a responsible attitude for them, and this approach should be popularized.
PURPOSE STATEMENT: I want to inform my audience the importance of pet sterilization.
SIGNIFICANCE: After understanding the related knowledge of pet sterilization, we can better take care of our pets.
CREDIBILITY STATEMENT: I really like puppies and have raised a lot. But they always left with me shortly after. Every time I have accumulated experience of failure. Hope to share this very crucial knowledge of pet sterilization to everyone.
PREVIEW: First, let me introduce the definition of pet sterilization and how it works. Second, I will introduce the advantages of pet sterilization. Finally, I will introduce how it influent stray animals.
TRANSITIONAL STATEMENT: I’ve mentioned spay and neuter many times, but how this small operation actually works, and what it means. That’s what I’m going to talk about.

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In a general sense, pet sterilization usually refers to an operation performed manually on pets or young animals that renders them unable to breed. 

       A.  On the website of Spayfirst, there is a more standard definition has also given, ” Spaying refers to       
             an operation in which both ovaries and generally the uterus are removed from the female animal. 
             Neutering the male animal refers to removing both testicles from the scrotum through a small 
             incision.” (Spayfirst)
             1. For example, when a female dog is sterilized, two reproductive organs are removed because if  
                 one is cut alone, it will still attract the opposite sex. It’s very similar to the neuter for a male 
                 dog. Why not simply ligate the male dog, but simply remove its reproductive organs? The 
                 former will retain its male hormones and will not be able to stop the dogs from breeding.
      B.  TRANSITION STATEMENT ?Why should I emphasize this sterilization operation? What are its advantages? Or how does it might affect a pet. I’m going to introduce this part now.
II. Pet sterilization is not only a guarantee of its own health, but also be able to maintain a natural balance.
     A.  According to “In the vast majority of cases, the spay/ neuter option not only avoids breeding 
           unwanted animals that will end up being put down, it is also better for the pet’s long-term health. ”
           (“Spayaware” , p.287) We can learn from this article that sterilization is not simply
           depriving animals of their right to live, but is responsible for their health. This reduces the 
           likelihood that an animal will find cancer in the reproductive system. 
           1. On its official website, it also mentions the probability that pets have a chance of getting cancer. 
                For cats and dogs, the high incidence of cancer is “mammary cancer”, and they are far more 
                 likely to be ill than people.(Spayfirst)
           2. We find that every time we walk a dog, it stops and urinates somewhere, which is the way it 
               marks and compartmentalizes its own place.  However, this phenomenon is more evident when 
               it is adolescent and wants to have fertility with the opposite sex. “In female dogs and cats the   
              estrus cycle that attracts males can be everything from annoying to dangerous; packs of male 
              dogs seeking a female dog that is in heat can attack each other or even a person.  Female dogs 
             ‘spot’ blood during the estrus as well”. (Spayfirst) Thus, at this stage, no matter how docile the
              pet, his temper will become irritable and aggressive. This will not only cause harm to the owner 
              of the pet, but will also bite the person when walking the dog or fight with other dogs. 
     B.  TRANSITION STATEMENT ?Therefore, in order to avoid this situation, we should actively and
           actively sterilize pets. At the same time, it is also a way to reduce the harm of stray dogs.
 III. While doing sterilization for animals, it is also controlling or reducing the number of stray cats or 
             stray dogs.
       A. For stray dogs, they tend to live in dirty places and have no fixed source of food. They may 
            hide a lot of bacteria. In the absence of people to manage them, they breed freely. And it is 
           possible to pass the disease on to the next generation. When there are too many stray dogs, they are
           more likely to be coerced into depriving them of their right to live. According to the article, it 
states that  “however, husbandry practices vary and dog populations  can impact human and wildlife 
           health negatively when not appropriately managed. Our pilot intervention in SK,Canada, stabilized 
           the dog population, decreased environmental contamination with parasites and improved perceived 
          wellbeing of dogs and people in the short term. ” (J. M. Schurer, K. Phipps, C. Okemow, H. Beatch  
          and E. Jenkins, P453).
         B. For cats, they behave more freely and loosely. In the article, it said
“Feline reproduction is highly efficient. Puberty, for example, may occur as early as four months, and the overwhelming majority of feline pregnancies are unplanned and/or unwanted. ” (Yates, David and Ursula Goetz, p394). 
             1. This description reminds me of cats raised in elementary school. It often slips out of my house, sometimes it will not go home for a few days. Later, it came back only on rainy days. Looks like it’s about stray cats. I was surprised when I knew it was pregnant. And then even more headache is that I do not have a good way to deal with its children. When its children grow older, I do not have the ability to take care of so many cats. They can only be forced to give them to relatives or friends. Then this behavior is really cruel to the cat mother. From this we can see that if we can not effectively sterilize stray dogs and cats, their numbers will increase and are hard to control.
I. Currently, sterilization surgery is an effective way to prolong the life of animals and to rationally control the number of stray animals, try their best to control the emotional instability of the animals in estrus, so that they can be less irritable.
II. For pets, while we keep them, they have limited their freedom to live. And they gradually become very dependent on us. So we are more responsible to provide protection for their lives and to be able to wake them up for sterilization as early as possible.
III. If you have a pet at home or you are about to have a pet, contact a veterinarian for medical reasons as soon as possible to sterilize it. I hope your pet can accompany you long, long time.
work cited
1. “Spayaware.” Veterinary Ireland Journal, vol. 3, no. 6, June 2013, p. 287. EBSCOhost, 
2. Schurer, J. M, K. Phipps, C. Okemow, H. Beatch and E. Jenkins. “Stabilizing Dog Populations and 
                           Improving Animal and Public Health through a Participatory Approach in Indigenous 
                           Communities.” Zoonoses & Public Health, vol. 62, no. 6, Sept. 2015, pp. 445-455. 
                           EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/zph.12173.
3. “What is Spay/Neuter?”  http://www.spayfirst.org/programs/what-is-spay-neuter/
4. Yates, David and Ursula Goetz. “A Step-By-Step Guide to the Pregnant Cat Spay.” Companion Animal
              (2053-0889), vol. 20, no. 7, July 2015, pp. 394-398. EBSCOhost, doi:10.12968/coan.2015.20.7.394.