Our endeavor is not intended to be a clinical study but aim
to establish a research basis that can be employed to predict some criterion
constructs due to various stress sources encountered in the daily life of METU
undergraduates. Stress is a fact of life of which causes range from major life
changing events like losing one’s job to natural disasters like earthquakes or
hurricanes to notorious events of our age like terrorist acts. Additionally,
relatively minor disturbances like breaking up with your partner, mobbing at
work, various seemingly minor discriminations one faces are also causes of
stress that may be categorized as daily hassles.
Most prominent theories on stress are developed by Hans
Selye and Richard Lazarus. Selye, throughout almost all his lifetime, had
focused on stress and its relation to physical symptoms and publicized the
issue drawing attention of masses. He had coined the term “stressor” referring
to the stimuli and stress referring to the response. According to his model
while stress was nonspecific, response was always the same (Brannon &
Lazarus, on the other hand, emphasized the interpretation of
the stressful events compared to the events themselves. Thus highlighting the
individual’s perception of the psychological condition as the crucial factor.
Stress is defined by Lazarus as a “particular
relationship between the person and the environment that is appraised by the
person as taxing or exceeding his or her resources and endangering his or her
well-being” (1984, p. 19, as cited in Brannon & Feist, 2007, p. 97).
In the same vein, daily hassles are defined as “experiences and conditions of daily living that have been appraised as
salient and harmful or threatening to the endorser’s well-being” by
Lazarus (Lazarus, 1984, p. 376, as cited in Brannon & Feist, 2007, p. 100).
Measurement of stress may be classified under two broad
categories, namely physiological measures and self reports. In connection with
our particular case, previously used scales on literature on daily stresses are,
Daily Stress Inventory (Bradley, Waggoner, Jones, & Rappaport, 1987)
Hassles and Uplifts Scale (DeLongis, Folkman & Lazarus, 1988)
Stress Scale (Insel, & Roth, 1985)