One of the first precursors of
architecture is the Greek era. Moving in time to this period we can
witness the creation of incredible buildings that inspire the present
architecture. To delve into these times, we must discover its
history and specifics. Ancient Greece began its existence developing
in the southern part of the Balkan peninsula, the islands of the
Egyptian and Ionian seas and the west coast of Asia. Ancient Greece
is considered the cradle of Western civilization. The peninsula of
ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate. Its summers were hot and
dry, however winters were
chilly and rainy, but not really cold, which meant that the buildings
did not have to be specially heated. Houses
were built out of
sun-dried bricks made of wet soil and mould into the rectangular
shape as brick. Blocks were easy to create in the drought and heat of
summer. To prevent the
rain from getting into joints, the wall was smoothed with mud and
plastered with clay or lime.
Exactly the same method
for the interstices was used when building with stone. Stone-cutting
was rarely attempted in the Early Bronze age. If
so builders would find suitable pieces of rock lying ready to hand.
The limestone formations in many parts of Greece tend to split into
rectangular blocks when exposed to weather. The
walls of some buildings leaned inwards as they rise, each course
overlapping the one below, in order to reduce the span of the roof.
The soil over most of the
country was too dry for the sun-dried bricks to be of good quality.
Therefore straw and grass was usally added to the mud, However even
so they tended to crumble under pressure. To prevent the building
from collapsing a timber frame was used, consisting of upright and
horizontal beams, between which panels of brick were inserted.
The most favoured type of
roofing was flat but inclined in one or more directions, a large
amount of mud or clay was required to make it waterproof, so the
beams had to be heavy. The method was to bed clay upon a layer of
reeds, placed crosswise directly on the beams or over another
crosswise layer of thin logs. The floors were usually
beaten earth or clay if available, stone slabs was an exeption in
streets or courts.