Oncology are available in the feild oncology. There

Oncology is the study of cancer, a disease which impacts
the life of almost everyone either directly or indirectly. Cancer is a disease
that is caused by changes to genes that control the way our cells function,
especially how they grow and divide. Genetic changes that cause cancer can be
inherited from our parents. They can also arise during a person’s lifetime as a
result of errors that occur as cells divide or because of damage to DNA caused
by certain environmental exposures. Due to there being so many different types
of cancer, there are many different careers that are available in the feild
oncology. There are oncologists, clinical nurse specialists, radiologists,
radiation therapists, and medical physicists. There is also a lot of education
that goes into the cancer treatment team. A career in oncology will require
higher or specialized education, inclusion in a cancer research or treatment
team, and will result in a decline of cancer mortality rates due to new and
more effective treatment.

It takes a lot of hard
work and preparation to be on an oncology treatment team. For certain positions
on the treatment team, it takes years of medical school, and others, it takes
certain programs. Oncologists and radiologists have to go to medical school,
however, clinical nurse specialists, radiation therapists, and medical
physicists do not have to go to medical school, but they have to at least have
a bachelor’s degree. Oncologists have to have at least a bachelor’s degree,
which includes coursework in biological and chemical sciences. They also have
to take a Medical College Admissions Test and receive a high score. Becoming an
oncologist also includes classroom studies, lab work and supervised clinical or
hospital rotations. They have to complete three to eight years of internship
and residency. Finally, they have to pass a state licensing exam before they
can practice alone. Oncologists earn about two hundred sixty-seven thousand,
three hundred ninety-two dollars a year in Tucson, Arizona. Clinical Nurse
Specialists require at first a bachelor’s degree, and attend a four year
nursing school. Classes that they have to take include pharmacology, the study
of medication, pathophysiology, the study of what happens in the body to create
a specific condition, patient health assessment, anatomy, the study of the
structure of the human body, and physiology, the study of the functions of the
parts of a human body. They also have to do clinical rotations. Before a
Registered Nurse can become a Clinical Nurse Specialist, they have to have a
bachelor’s degree with a minimum of a 3.0 Grade Point Average. After getting
their bachelor’s degree, the nurse has to pass a National Council Licensure
Examination for Registered Nurses administered by the National Council of State
Boards. Before they can go more into being a Clinical Nurse Specialist they
have to be a Registered Nurse for one to two years. Afterwards, they have to
get their master’s degree which can take between two to three years, depending
on the specialty that they are wanting to go into. During this period, they
take advanced classes in pharmacology, pathophysiology, and advanced nursing
courses depending on their choses field. Most places wan their Clinical Nurse
Specialist to be able to write prescriptions, and take specific training in
pharmacology, and authority to write prescriptions is given to them by the Drug
Enforcement Administration. After this they get their certification in oncology
by the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation. Clinical Nurse Specialists
earn about ninety-two thousand, nine hundred forty-three dollars a year in
Tucson, Arizona. Radiologists must have a minimum of eleven years of education.
They get their bachelor’s degree weighted towards biology and physics. They
have to take the Medical College Admissions Test, have four years of medical
school, two United States Medical Licensing Examinations by the National Board
of Medical Examiners. Radiologists earn about three hundred sixty-two thousand,
eight hundred seventy-six thousand dollars a year in Tucson, Arizona. Radiation
Therapists have to have an associated or bachelor’s degree in radiation
therapy. They have prerequisites in biology, chemistry, and physics, coursework
in human sectional anatomy, radiation biology and pathology. Radiation
Therapists earn about seventy-three thousand, five hundred fifty dollars a year
in Tucson, Arizona. Medical Physicists have to have a minimum of master’s degree
in medical physics, radiation, and biology. They are required have clinical
training through a residency or post-doctoral program that lasts between one to
two years in a hospital or clinic. Medical Physicists make about one hundred
sixty-six thousand, twenty dollars a year in Tucson, Arizona.

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Where does oncology
begin? During the Renaissance, scientists started to have a better
understanding of the human body, where the scientific theory and autopsies were
created to help understand the human body. In 1761, Giovanni Morgagni was the
first to do autopsies to help relate and understand why someone died, laying
the foundation of oncology. Scottish surgeon, John Hunter was the first to say
that cancer might be able to be cured by surgery depending on if it was local
or metastatic. Oncologists lead the cancer treatment team and specialize in
cancer treatment. Clinical Nurse Specialists are advanced practice Registered
Nurses who have a masters or doctorate degree in nursing. They provide direct
patient care, are consults for other nurses and staff, will write policies and
procedures, and take an active role in improving health care delivery systems.
Radiologists diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries using, x-rays,
computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine,
positron emission tomography (PET) and ultrasound. Radiologists help diagnose
cancer, and help pinpoint tumors. Radiation Therapists administers doses of
radiation to shrink tumors. Medical physicist administers doses of
chemotherapy. Every person that is part of the cancer treatment team can work
at hospitals, offices of physicians and outpatients’ centers. Depending on
where you work and what you do, care must be provided twenty-four hours seven
days a week to provide patient care.

Being a member of an
oncology treatment team can be very stressful. Although being under a lot of
stress is difficult, I think that a career in oncology suits me well because I
can handle stress well and I keep calm under pressure. From the research I have
done about a career in oncology, it takes a lot of work and effort to achieve
being on an oncology treatment team; however, I believe that I am well-suited
for this career. It takes a very special person to be part of an oncology
treatment team because seeing people suffer is difficult.

Oncology has a lot of
very interesting facts about it. The word ‘cancer’ comes from the Latin for
‘crab’, like the zodiac sign when early doctors, were describing certain tumors
which had veins or extensions from the main body, called them crab-like, or
cancerous. Also, the earliest explanation of cancer was found in the Edwin Smith
Papyrus in 1600 B.C., describing breast tumors removed by a tool called the
fire drill. However, it stated that “there is no treatment”. A recent
study showed there are more than four hundred nineteen thousand new skin cancer
cases attributable to indoor tanning each year in just the United States.
Cancer is not one disease. In the last ten years scientists have realized that
there are more than two hundred different types cancer. Also, the left breast
is five to ten percent more likely to develop cancer than the right breast. The
left side of the body is also ten percent more prone to melanoma, a type of
skin cancer.

In
conclusion, a career in oncology will include higher or specialized
education, possibly inclusion in a cancer patient treatment team, and will
result in a decline of cancer mortality rates due to new and more effective
treatment. A career in oncology will provide more work opportunities. It will
also help create advancements in the improvement of cancer treatment and the
progress that it makes in the world, helping people to live longer with a
better quality of life.  There are also career advancements in Tucson,
Arizona with good pay. A career in oncology will include higher or specialized
education, inclusion in a cancer patient treatment team, and will result in a
decline of cancer mortality rates due to new and more effective treatment.