Name: painting, the line as a visual element











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Date: 12/14/17/2017







Pablo Picasso, the
guitarist, 1993:

The guitarist by Pablo
Picasso is an oil painting; this painting depicts a blind, old and haggard man
with the frayed clothing that weakly arched over the guitar. In that era, the
creation of the Guitarist impressionism, modernism, symbolism and
post-impressionism merged and generated a general movement named as
Expressionism and it was greatly influenced by the style of Picasso.  It was painted after the suicide of a close
friend of Picasso. Therefore, this painting showed grieve, sadness, poor and

The line is a visual
element and a basic foundation of all paintings. In this painting, the line as
a visual element is used to show depth, pattern, and emotions.  The horizontal line in the painting is
represented the calm and distance. Jagged lines have represented the anxiety
and turmoil.  Therefore, the use of line
in this painting is according to the background of the guitarist. the use of
line in this painting is showing great use of artist’s skills and creative

Elements are carefully
used in this painting to create a response from a spectator. The use of
monochromatic color scheme is creating flat and two dimensional forms
disconnect the guitarist from the place and time. The use of blue palette has
created a tone or effect of accentuates and melancholy the sorrowful and tragic
theme. The only the use of oil on the penal causes more darker and theatrical
mood. In this painting, the oil tends is used to blend colors without creating
a cohesive, dramatic composition and diminishing brightness.

In addition, the painting
is showing no sign of life; the guitarist is looking to close to the death,
implying the accentuating misery and little comfort in this world. It is also
showing an intensifying silent contemplation and the sense of spirituality of
the guitarist. The only one significant shift in the color that found in the
painting is the large and brown guitar. The dull brown color of guitar; is
prominent against a blue background that became the center of focus. The guitar
is represented the only hope of survival of the world of guitarist. The poor
and blind subject refers that he can earn the small income throng his music.
This painting became the allegory of the human existence.

When the painting was
shown under the x-rays it was examined that three figures are peering behind
the body of the guitarist. After analyzing I found that at least there are two
different paintings beneath the guitarist; a mother and a child. A mother is
seated in the center of the composition, child at the right of her mother, a
sheep or calf on the left side of the mother. 
It clearly defined that the hair of woman is dark and has a thoughtful
expression.  Therefore, the background of
the painting is ghostly due to the mysterious images beneath the painting. The
expressions of the woman beneath the painting are showing worried and upset

The guitarist is a most
haunting painting of the artist. This painting is created during the blue
period. Therefore, he restricted himself to a monochromatic blue pattern, cold,
flattered forms, psychological and emotional themes of the human alienation and
misery. It is related to symbolist movement and work of Edvard Munch. 

When I first time looked
at the painting I feel the timeless expression of the guitarist; such as the
human suffering. I think, through his painting, the artist has represented the
sympathy toward poor; as well as his work is a mixture of miseries, the ill,
destitute, and outcasts of the society.

Overall, the painting is
a masterpiece that reflects dejected, introspective and lean figures through
the visual elements of the painting.


Pablo Picasso, family of

The painting “family of
Saltimbanques” is another masterwork of Pablo Picasso; 1905. This painting
belongs to the ‘pink period’ of Picasso; a replacement of dark and sad ‘blue period’.  At that
period the portrayal of the circus performance was popular and he injected this
idea into his painting “family of Saltimbanques”. In the painting, all
characters are looking existed and are not the effort of artist’s imagination.

The artist placed the
figure of comedians in deserted landscape and devoid of the vegetation. In the
background, the blue sky is covered with the clouds. All the characters in the
painting psychologically estranged from each other; they are not communicating
with each other, the views of all characters are not intersected with each
other, despite this they look united and harmoniously.

However, something is
common in their eyes, faces, and figures. The collective isolation is conveying
the sadness of all character. The curved lines are used in this painting that
predicts that despite sadness all characters are in ease and comfort.  They are in the desert in hardships but are
showing ease. In the background there is also horizontal lines; portrays the
calm nature of the woman and distance she was looking.

The color scheme is also
according to the emotion of characters. 
The most dominant color in the painting is indicating the optimistic or
positive beginning rather than pessimistic ending. The color shades, brushwork,
are giving the feeling of the melancholy. It also predicts the internal feeling
of artist such as depressed mood of Picasso. The color scheme represents the
state of unexpected waiting and emptiness of existence.

Overall, the plot of this
painting is extremely sorrowful.  The
painting is speaking itself. The family in this painting is moving once again
another place, however, everyone in this painting is waiting for the pale-faced
lady; she is sitting and looking sadly towards the distance and not in hurry to
leave this place due to some reason. Maybe she is waiting for a close friend;
the best way to trace the creativity is through their nature of the activity
and through their clothes. The feet position in painting also demonstrates the
creative environment.

The composition of
Picasso is very good because he paid more attention to composition. The
composition of this painting is arranged in such a way that shows the family of
the saltimbanques together however they give the impression of discounted and
also do not look at each other.

After the analyzed this
painting I identified that “Family of Saltimbanques” conveys the personal
experience and feelings of Picasso. 
Picasso generally represents his attitudes through his artwork. In the
painting, he drew himself as a sad man with a scarf holding a girl hand that
symbolizes his thoughts or muse. The scarf around his neck a symbol to limit
the will, he has no need of material things, prosperity, well-being and an
attractive woman anymore. He wants to spend his life according to his own
rules.  He does not want success,
audience, and money from his work because these confines may limit his freedom
and independence. For the creator or innovator, it is difficult to live within

However, to say goodbye
is very hard and sad, but he has no other way. This painting reflects the inner
uneasy world of the artist. In this period “pink period” mostly the work of
Picasso is related to tragic deprivation and loneliness. Overall the painting
is very complex to understand due to a combination of color scheme and the
emotions of all characters. All six characters in the painting are kind of the
itinerant or circus performer in the desolate landscape. Horizontal line the
background may depict the distance and calm attitude of a woman who is sitting.

Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’
Avignon, 1907:

Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon is
a most important canvas of 21st century. The great breakthrough of Picasso
painting ‘les Demoiselles d’ Avignon’; it was constructed in the reaction of several
important sources. It was a large oil painting that created in 1907. The
painting portrays the five nude female and each figure is represented in
confrontational and disconcerting manner, however, none of them conventionally
feminine. The three female at left side exhibited the facial features in
Iberian style while the other two on right side represented the African
mask-like features. Picasso created this painting in ‘rose period’ that introduced a strong element of sexuality
and sensuality into his artwork.  The
rose period is depictions of the acrobats, theatrical characters and circus
performers are extracted in brighter, warmer colors and shows joyful and hope
in this painting.

The horizontal and
vertical both lines are used in this painting to make this painting attractive.
The vertical line represents height and the strength as well as the depth of
this painting.

The different color
scheme is used in this painting such as Luscious blue, then strident yellow,
next to pure black and then white. It was the beginning of the Cubism, first
upsurge; a desperate titanic clash. In this painting, Picasso drew each figure
differently. The female is pulling the curtain on the upper right is condensed
with the heavy paint. Composition is made through the sharp geometric shapes.
The head of the female is strictly cubist of all five. Cubist head with the
crouching figure and lower light endured two revisions from an Iberian figure
from its existing state. She is drawn by using two altered perspectives;
creating the confusing and twisted figure. Above her, there is another woman
with a dark face having a square chest.

This painting represents
the fascination of Picasso with Iberian, Africa and Oceanic that made the
statuary populating ethnographic museums of France, in addition the anxieties
and lusts are wrapped up in his own; also the complex relationship with the

The women in the painting
are not looking very welcoming and attractive however they are unfeminine and
aggressive, because of the angular, odd and disjointed depiction of women. The
two women have a mask on their faces just like a tribal mask of Africa; the
flat faces of women are drawn to show the primitive style. This style shows
break from the traditional painting style of western. It shows that Picasso was
inspired by African women.

In the painting, there is
a table at the bottom; different types of fruits are set at the table. This is
actually a painting within a painting; the appearance of fruit represents a
still-life. The women surrounding at the table, the curtains in the background
reflects the main point that distinguishes the depth of the painting. It is
two-dimensional painting.

There are many
interesting points in this painting that inspired the work of others such as
color scheme, patterns, composition and its two-dimensional perspective. This
work of Picasso was an innovation in the artwork. Through this painting, he
changed the view and thinking of people. He changed the history work. He also
replaced the benevolent ideal of classical nude with a new race of dangerous
beings and sexuality armed.  The most
important in this painting was the concept of femme fatale and new primitive
woman. He did not combine the horrible image, however, Picasso dredged-up from
his psyche the fascinating and terrifying beast that caused the creation of
this painting. A woman has many different faces such as decadent and savage,
whore and deity, awesome and obscene, tempting and repelling, masked and naked,
looming and crouching, threatening and powerless. Therefore, this painting is a
mixture of different faces.