My topic is gang violence. I have several communities that I have focused on gang violence. In the A literature review on gang violence they are concerned about stopping gang violence. Gangs and gang violence are concerning cause of preventable injuries and death in the trauma community. Number of gangs and gang members have been upward trending since 2003 with an estimated 30,000 gangs in the United States. This includes 850,000 members. In the so-called gang capital of Chicago and Los Angeles approximately half of homicide is gang related (National gang center, 2016). According to the CDC homicide is the third leading cause of death for those 15-34 years of age and largely comprised firearm related violence (CDC204). Attitudes compromised behavioral believes and evaluations of behavioral outcomes. (Glanzetal.2015). Behavioral belief can be defined as the individual’s belief about the attributes of performing the behavior, which is influenced by the evaluations of outcome for performing the behavior. (Galnzet.2015) In other words, people have a positive feeling towards a behavior and believes that a positive outcome, he or she is likely to move forward in the model to having a positive attitude and further having the intention to perform the behavior. In the prevention, Intervention they had a study with had 37 males and 12 females with a mean age of14. 5 years 82 blacks 9 Hispanics 6 whites. Gang members all showed up and disrupted the parents and overtaken and arrested by police. Questionaries’ results were analyzed and were data were collected 180 days after the program. The questionnaire results showed that 90% of the respondents had a positive and meaningful response that they were aware of the consequences of gang violence participation. 95% of school attendance were improved grades improved 75 % (with these students)
In Island in the streets: analyzing the function of gang violence from culture and conflict perspective and gang violence Needs for cultural and conflict perspective on gang violence, Gang violence is environmental and product of socioeconomic conditions (Kinnear 1996 Sanchez-Jankowsk,1991;Oehme,1997;Sanders,1994). The typical gang member is more likely to experience academic problems be picked on by fellow peers, and engage in various types of substance abuse (Bradshawet.al2013). Law enforcement personnel have also channeled their efforts to reduce firearm by passing comprehensive anti-gang legislation (McGarrellvetat.2013). Social context Common perception views gangs, as groups of individuals who engage in deviant behaviors, researchers, law enforcement, and scholar have been able to come to a consensus about what defines a gang. Historical context The first gang activities in the U.S were recorded in the early 1800s in New York City’s Five Points Districts (Sachs1997). These gangs were known as the Forty Thieve and they primarily pickpocketed and fought over turf. By 19920s, (prohibition ERA) gangs had turned to syndicate cries and engaged in illegal and criminal activities such as extension, gun sales, liquor sales, and book making. Socioeconomic has to do with a big part of gang violence. Gang members come from an economically, under privileged community and poverty. Formation of gang identity gang members uses common colors to identify their source of group’s solidarity and individual strength for its members. They also mark their territories with graffiti’s use hand signs or get particular tattoos.
In Supporting Gang violence Prevention Efforts: A Public Health Approach for Nurses.Undestanding that public health perspective to gang to violence may be important tool for nurses attempting to prevent this problem. The public health approach has four key components: defining and monitoring the problem: identifying risk protection and promoting factors; developing and evaluation intervention. In2002 to 2006, the gang were responsible for approximately 20% of homicides in 881 largest United States cities. Most public health providers might out think they would see the words gang violence and public health in the same sentence. However, nurses who work in the emergency rooms, schools, local public health agencies, and health clinics located in communities with high levels of gang cavity likely have daily reminders that gang violence and public health do intersect. Youth become involved with gangs to gain a sense of control and power over these social disparities and to have a sense of comaradrnce to others, especially if they lack a strong connection with parents, other family members and peers. (Howell, 2002). The public health approach encourages basic research into the nature of a problem and the application of these findings to develop, implement, evaluate and disseminate specific prevention strategies. Public health approach to violence prevention involves a four-step process that is grounded in the scientific method. (Dahlberg and Krug, 2002; Haegerich, Mercy and Weils,2013).The first step in public health approach is described and monitoring the problem ,and tracking trends. The second step includes identification factors that increases risk (i.e. risk factors); factors that protect against or better risk (i.e. promote factors), and factors that promote positive behaviors. Third step includes the development and evaluation of prevention policies, strategies, and programs that are intended to reduce risk factors and increase protective and protective factors. The final step emphasizes the broad dissemination and implementation of the preventing policies, strategies and programs. The CDC national Death Reporting system (NVDRS) is a public health surveillance system that has collected information ice 2003 on violent death, including gang related homicides across a number of states in the U.S .(CDC 2007.Karch et al,2012).
With $100,000, I would make sure the cities with gang violence would get the gangs together, talk, and ask them questions. I would ask them questions about their lifestyle. I would see if I could introduce them to activities that are not gang related, for example sports, going on a lively football or basketball game. I will also try to sit one with their parents and see what happen in their child’s life and what they could have done differently to help their child. After all, of that I would try to help the people get counseling and introduce them to new clothing except just blue or red clothes.
I will apply this to what I learned in Ethics and bout cultural competency. What would make it ethical by making sure all these members are involved in clubs at school, sports at school and visiting their house to check in on them. I will make sure I could understand their culture and make sure not to judge anything they say or make them feel that they are not wanted by anyone. I would also make sure that I am not demanding towards the people
I will use autonomy by making sure that the kids and adults that are in the gangs will make their own decisions and make sure they could function with their daily living.
I will use Benefice by seeing if the counseling works and making sure the person knows that if he or she needs to talk they could call me at any time. I will make sure that I could support them in their school events or anything else they are outside of the home (Basketball or football league). I will also use Non malfeasance by making sure everything I tell the person to do to help them that it is the right thing to do and they won’t feel uncomfortable doing it. I will not judge or use my words to harm them in any way. I will make sure I use words that are encouraging to them and make sure they are focused on the positive things in life. I will use Paternalism, by making sure I will be there for the kids when they need me and make sure their life is in order. I will make sure if any of them need transportation to their counseling or anywhere they need to go for sports etc. that I will provide them with money.
I will use cultural humility by putting everything the child did behind and help them move forward. I would tell them decisions that could help them. I would not judge them because they are black that they will not succeed in life and that they will still stay in gangs and will not learn that is not the right thing to do. I will also not think that they will never join something in school because they will never be good at it or he or she will never go to practice because it is not important to them. I will learn ways to make them feel good about themselves and not make them feel that they are not worth noting. I will teach them to have self-love, how to love others. I would teach them that they need to forgive people, but do not forget what they do. I will teach them to just sit down, relax, listen to music, do some yoga, or play sports to let out all your anger you have built inside.