Lincoln’s form a new government, and draft a

Lincoln’s 10 percent plan versus Wade-Davis Bill- Lincoln’s 10 percent plan was part of Executive reconstruction and the plan was that most Confederate leaders would be pardoned, after 10 percent of a state’s voters pledged their allegiance to the Union the state could form a new government, and draft a new state constitution. The Wade-Davis bill was part of congressional reconstruction and it required 50 percent of a state’s voters to take an oath of loyalty and allow blacks to vote.Thirteenth Amendment- Amendment to the Constitution in 1865 that abolished slavery in the United States and all its territories.The final approval of the amendment depended on ratification by new legislatures of 8 formerly confederate states.Black Codes- Laws that whites in the South used to continue oppressing blacks now that slavery was over. It severely limited the freedom of southern blacks that prevented them from doing things such as moving, owning land, or having a job other than working on a farm.Civil Rights Act of 1866- It removed black codes and defined the rights that were to be given to citizens of the United States. Stated that the federal government could act against states if civil rights were being violated there. Congress passed the bill once, however President Andrew Johnson vetoed it and then Congress passed the bill again, with a two thirds majority.Fourteenth Amendment- The amendment that defined citizenship in the United States. It states that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States” were in fact citizens, given former slaves even more rights. It also states that no state can pass any law that would infringe on any rights that citizens had.Reconstruction Act of 1867- The reconstruction act was the radical republicans way of controlling the South. The former confederate states were divided up into 5 military districts except Tennessee. New state governments were to be formed but former confederate officials were not allowed to hold any office.Tenure of Office Act- Congressional act passed in 1867 that was supposed to limit the influence of President Johnson and it stated that Congress had to approve the removal of officials made by the President. Johnson decided to defy it by firing the Secretary of War and he was promptly impeached.Fifteenth Amendment- The amendment stated that voting could not be denied by the color of a person’s skin. It extended the rights to blacks in the North that were given to the blacks in former confederate states in the Emancipation Proclamation. Carpetbaggers and Scalawags- Carpetbaggers was a slang term used by Southerners to mock Northerners that moved to the South for either financial or political gain after the civil war, it referred to carpetbags which were a form of luggage. Scalawags was another slang term used by Southerners to mock other Southerners who supported Republican policies or gained financially because of the Republican policies. Ku Klux Klan, Enforcement Acts- The Ku Klux Klan, or KKK, was a terrorist organization consisting of white supremacists that killed and terrorized black people to try to keep them from voting and keeping a white dominated society in the south. As a result, Congress was prompted to pass the Enforcement Act of 1870 that gave the President legal power to enforce the 15th amendment, more specifically to act against the KKK.Civil Rights Act of 1875- The civil rights act was passed to protect the civil and legal rights of all citizens. It prohibited exclusion of public accommodations, public transportation, and juries.Credit Mobilier- A scandal in 1867 that was made public in 1872 between the Union pacific railroad and the Credit Mobilier of America construction company when the Credit Mobilier charged the railroad far higher rates than usual and was covered up by the Credit Mobilier giving 15 politicians cash and 9 million dollars of discounted stock to cover it up.”Seward’s Ice Box”- Also known as “Seward’s Folly” was when Secretary of State William H. Seward signed a treaty with Russia to obtain Alaska for 7 million dollars. The treaty was ratified by the Senate by one vote. No one believed Alaska was valuable, thinking Seward was duped by Russia, however later gold was discovered in Alaska and it is also rich in natural resources.”Exodus” movement- A term given to a large general migration of blacks given the name “Exodusters.” The southern blacks moved to Kansas for a better life after reconstruction ended in 1877. Not very many of them were successful however because of lack of opportunity and because of hostility from Kansas residents.Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Compromise of 1877- In the election of 1876 the North nominated Rutherford B. Hayes and the South nominated Samuel Tilden for presidency. The electoral college was split exactly in half. Representatives of the southern states agreed to have Rutherford B. Hayes become president only if the Army presence was taken out of the south. It is noted as the end of reconstruction.