KULLIYYAH OF INFORMATION
AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PRE-MARRIAGE COURSE
FOR LIFELONG MOBILE LEARNING USING
COGNITIVE THEORY OF MULTIMEDIA LEARNING
SHAKRAWI BIN WAN RAZALI
SEMESTER II 2017/2018
This research will explore on the effectiveness of using mobile
learning with integration of cognitive theory multimedia learning (CTML) to pre-marriage course
in Malaysia. Nowadays, technology bring multimedia has transformed the
educational method of teaching into much better than the traditional method.
This world is changing rapidly especially in the field of education. This
field are growing to be much better due to the helps of advancement technology
today. For example, with the existing of multimedia elements in education such as text,
graphic, sound, video and animation, it is significantly help the many students
to fully grasp an understanding of the subject that they learn within short
period. Multimedia elements can be delivered to students by using mobile
learning platform for education purpose. Holzinger
et al (2008) agreed that in today’s education, dynamic media is well known,
widespread, and is almost universal modern society.
et. Al (2008) found that using dynamic media in learning is more effective than
static media especially when the subject is complicated and contens are rich.
Furthermore, the development of m-learning also helps to ease learning by
enabling participants to learn everywhere and every time without specific place
and time. On the other hand, the participant will experience the lifelong
learning in their life.
The invention of technology can be utilized
in education style to improve from lacking part of traditional style of
Aloraini (2005) emphasized that best
educational style approach is using the multimedia technology to present the
contents of the subject. Multimedia will triggered more than one sense simultaneously
such as sight and hearing.
Certain topic in pre-marriage course
are difficult to understand in the traditional way of teaching. For example,
the topic of fiqh munakahat and all the technical discussion related to hukm
might not be able to catch up easily by the participant in just short coursed
within two days seminar. Some discussions required more explanations and
practical for participant to understand.
In line with the increasing the
numbers of muslim couples divorce in Malaysia. Therefore, this research aims to find out the
impact of using CTML on pre marriage course in Malaysia through knowing the
difference of understanding between the muslim couples who were given the
lecture by using multimedia program (the experimental group) and those who were
taught by using traditional methods. teacher, discussion & dialog (the control
This research proposed three questions in total:
there any way to enhance the current learning style of pre-marriage course in Malaysia?
are the impacts of CTML on pre-marriage course learning style?
the current teaching pedagogy rely on CTML?
The objective of this research is mainly to investigate the
effectiveness of CTML using m-learning to pre marriage course. The specific
the impacts of the animation technology in the presentation of pre-marriage
course contents to students with converging learning styles.
animation technology as a teaching pedagogy.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
tools in the classroom to support their teaching and to help student better
understand the subject.
It encourages the use
of multimedia in the Islamic Education especially in pre-marriage course.
This chapter will present the literature review from the previous
studies. It is essential for providing some scientific facts which will determine
the study is valid.
2.2 BACKGROUND INFORMATION
in his research, found verify that the multimedia have contribute a positive
effect on the knowledge and emotions of the students who study scientific
several important key terms that researcher will used in this research. There
Technology: “Educational technology is innovative
way to design, deliver, facilitate, and manage instruction for learners of all
ages, whether it is face-toface in a classroom, online, or a combination of
methods”. (Department of Educational Technlogy in Boise State, 2011)
Multimedia: “They represent the consolidation of all elements of technology as
they combine sound, image, video, drawing & text with a high quality in
addition to the interactive environment” (Fouda, 2008).
Technology: “Its scope is transversal (any final client) and strategic
There several phases in Educational Technology, Singh (2006) states
three main phases that are interconnected.
2.5 COGNITIVE THEORY OF MULTIMEDIA LEARNING
Figure 1 Cognitive theory of multimedia learning by Clark and Mayer
adapted from Mayer (2005)
Clark and Mayer (2011) present a model that shows the learning
progress with multimedia lesson. They explain the two processing rows, which
are words and pictures, illustrate the dual channel principles that every every
individual as which contains processing visual/pictorial material and
auditory/verbal material. The limited capacity principle where a person can
concentrate on a limited number of instructions in each channel at one time is
illustrated by the large Working Memory box placed in the middle of the figure.
The active processing principle where learning takes place when the appropriate
material is presented in the right way is illustrated in the figure by five
arrows which are, selecting words, selecting images, organizing words,
organizing images, and integrating. However, no matter what type of education
technology environment is applied, positive learning can only be achieved if
the teacher is well prepared.
Donnelly and McSweeney (2009) in editing (Sharpe and Pawlyn) research
on e-teachers found that for effective learning it is essential that teachers
are well prepared in order to be ready for the tasks that they assigned by
performing the following attributes: teacher must mastered the subject and have
strong background on what they teach, focus on content while explaining, and
most importantly teachers must be friendly and have good communication skills
with students. Those attributes can be most effective and can result in
students’ positive responses.
2.6 STATIC MEDIA VS. DYNAMIC MEDIA
It has been
shown based on the literature reviewed that the most frequently used recend
study theories are the TRA, TPB, TAM, and IDT. With regards to the research
method, most of the studies employed the services of empirical research to
explore the influential factors. The subjects of the study were mainly the
relative users, very few of the studies considered using sutndents as the study
This chapter comprised the of the the methodology that will be
adopted in this research. It starts with the presentation of the research
population, sampling design, research instrument, the data collection
procedure, a description of how the data will be analyzed and also a pilot
study in order to test the reliability and validate the instrument of the
will be randomly selected from the Gombak’s community.
Swanson and Holton 111 (2005),
approach will be used to describe relationship between variables and to find
out the attribute of a subject that could explain as a new theory and new
research, the respondents that will be involved in this study are all the
muslim couple at Gombak’s area
Once the data
has been collected, the researcher will using a stastitical package for social
sciences (SPSS) version for the data processing and analysis.
This chapter explained the method that will be applied throughout
the research in order to test the research question and hypothesis.
Data collection was accomplished through the use of a survey
Ibrahim, 2005. Distance learning. Alretha Press, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi
Robert J., 1994. Multimedia Editing to Promote Science Learning. Journal of
Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching (3), 55–70.