Is the retention of a married woman her last name indicates of her professional and social reputation? If she changed her last name and took her husband’s name after marriage, is it a signal of commitment and pledge to the new marriage or she going to lose her family heritage? It is a kind of tradition and respect from the woman to take her prospective man’s name after marriage or this is considered a derogation from her identity? Does newly married woman have the right to retain her last name after marriage? After marriage, some of brides see that one of the biggest decisions to take is not about flower preparations or choosing the wedding place; it is what their family name will be after throwing the flower bouquet. They will be subject to many questions “are you taking your husband last name? Are you keeping your last name for professional reasons? Here, in this argument essay, there will be a lot of controversy about this subject for new married women between will I keep my last name and keep my heritage and my family history or change it to my new husband last name to express unity for the new family.A new married woman has difficulties with the idea of changing her last name. That means holding the maiden name is highly prevalent among educated, academic and talented women because their occupational reputation is built through what they published; they already put their maiden names on their publisher’s covers. They continue to use their maiden names in their social and professional field, where their maiden names are common. For example, the famous singer Mariah Carey, the powerful voice with the beautiful performance did not change her family last name and keep it, in spite of she was married twice with Nick Cannon and Tommy Mottola. Even she did not use hyphenated names too. On the contrary. Many of women tend to change their maiden name like the famous wonderful actor Salma Hayek changed her name to Salma Pinault and after she said I am starting a new life as well as my name, also, she thought this issue would give a unity to the new family.Last name changing has become one of the major arguments between us recently. Women being less common to change their maiden names when they get married. In the US, UK, Australia For many women, this is difficult subject requires thinking and discussion. Lucy Stone, the famous American activist for woman’s rights in Massachusetts she encouraged women to retain their last names in 1855 when she married; she rejected her husband’s name. Another memorable personage who fought to keep the maiden names was Frances Perkins, in 1913 she was the first woman assigned to the U.S. Cabinet. She married Paul Caldwell Wilson and kept her last name for professional reasons. on the other side of the scale it is good to mention that the majority of women considered name change as an expression of love and a sign of romantic achievement, they have chosen their husbands name like Amal Clooney, the famous lawyer in US and UK, she changed her maiden name after marrying the great Actor, George Clooney. Some couples are turning to use double names or even hybrid as a compromise.Today, women in the US do not typically run into legal interruptions over their choice of the last name. While it remains common for a woman to change her last name to her husband’s name, if trends continue, more women may be keeping their last name in the future. According to Another study by The New York Times newspaper said that 26% of women in 2000 and 29.5% in 2014 keeping their last names without change.There are a billion of reasons that why a female choose to change or keep her last name. Whatever the reasons, they are true and this issue important and substantial for her. No one has the right to change your maiden name or not. A woman must take the respect as well as the man. Women must have the freedom to choose their name without fear, concern or pressures.