– Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria
and grew up near Linz. He married Eva Braun. However, both committed suicide on
30thApril, 1945 in Berlin, Germany (Goblin, 2002).
EARLY INFLUENCES – Hitler
showed interest in German politics, rejecting the authority of Austria-Hungary.
This sense of nationalism became the motivating force of Hitler’s life. After
his rejection from the school of art (see education), he got deeply depressed
and drifted away from all his friends. It
was at this time he got attracted to the boundless potential and success of
anti-Semitic or anti-Jewish, nationalist Christian-Socialist party of Vienna
Mayor Karl Leuger (Adolf Hitler Biography.com, August 5, 2017). Influenced by Leuger,
he began to develop the extreme racial mythology that remained fundamental to
his own philosophy as well as that of the Nazi Party. He also considered Henry Ford
as his inspiration (Gerber, 1961).
He had only completed secondary education officially. In his early life, Hitler
wanted to be a professional artist but he could not clear the entrance exam of
the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna and got rejected twice, in 1907 and 1908 (Gerber, 1961). MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENTS – Adolf Hitler said, ‘Germany will
either be a power of the world or will not be at all’ (Adolf Hitler Quotes, n.d). He served as a
soldier in World War I, though he did not get promoted from the position of a
corporal but was rewarded twice for his courage. He won the Iron Cross in 1914
and 1918 (contributors). He had also won the
Wound Badge in 1918 (contributors,
He wrote an autobiography Mein Kampf (1925)
meaning ‘My Struggle’. Hitler was nominated for the Nobel Prize in 1939 (contributors,
He also invaded Poland in the same year on September 1, leading the masses and
captured the largest city of Europe before seizing the rest of Europe. Hitler
helped Germany restore its economy from an unemployment rate being 30% to full
. His goals and power also accelerated technical growth in all areas like nuclear
research, jet engines, rockets or medicine. Times Magazine named Hitler as ‘Man
of the Year’, in 1938 (TIMES MAGAZINE
not only reunited the German nation but also rearmed it militarily.
SIGNIFICANCE – He
was an outrageous German leader and served for the Nazi Party or National
Socialist German Worker’s Party. He was the chancellor of Germany from 1933 to
1945 (Gerber, 1961). His speeches won
the public. He took the control of the German Government in 1933 (Goblin, 2002). He was the
Chancellor of Germany during the Third Reich and the supreme architect behind
World War II. He was known to the world as an indomitable ‘Fuhrer’, meaning
father in English. He was also a creative artist, writer and militarist, known
for his exceptional leadership traits and his sparkling nature. Even when he was
arrested for five years on the charge of treason, he spent his time writing his
autobiography Mein Kampf (1925) which
was dictated to his fellow prisoners Emile Maurice and Rudolf Hess. He made
Germany a powerful country to what it was after World War I. He conquered
Austria without any major trouble. After his death, Germany had nothing left in
its hands and had to surrender; he was the only man behind Germany’s prosperity.
Hitler was the backbone of the Nazi Party of Germany and everybody trusted his
ability and skills .For example, Hitler once gave his resignation from the
party on July 11, 1921 but people realized that loss of Hitler would mean the end
of the Nazi party so they decided to win him back. Hitler seized the moment and
asked for the Chairman position in the party and dictatorial powers. If the
party would abide by his conditions only then he would return as their leader.
Therefore, the members put his demand to vote and Hitler received 543 votes with
only one against him (THE HISTORY
be an infamous
leader but as Martin
Luther King JR. said, “Everything,
that Hitler did in Germany, was legal” (MARTIN LUTHER
LEADERSHIP STYLE- There
are three major leadership theories based on the styles given by Douglas McGregor.
They are Theory X (The Authoritarian Style), Theory Y (The Democratic Style), and
Theory Z (The Laissez-Faire Style).
In this style of leadership, the boss is the pivot, he holds all the
responsibility and authority .The leaders take decisions and communicate them
to their juniors with the instructions without any flexibility. The leader has
complete authority to give criticism and praise based on his personally set
standards. It is a positive and negative style of leadership as it can become
an abusive leadership when the leader starts using his power, influence and
control for personal interest.
In this style of leadership, juniors are a part of decision making. Unlike
theory X, this leadership is based on the subordinate’s contribution. The leaders
delegate responsibility and authority to the subordinates, who determine work projects.
It is the most preferred as it encourages honesty, wittiness, proficiency,
innovation, etc. This is moreover a participative type of leadership that
involves the free exchange of ideas and encourages discussion.
In this theory, subordinates are allowed to work with zero interference.
According to research, it is the most ineffective style of leadership. In this,
leaders just delegate their authority and responsibility to juniors and follow the
policy “Let it be”. This theory declines the productivity and efficiency of the
HITLER AS A LEADER OF THEORY X – Adolf
Hitler was an authoritarian type of leader. He showcased all the attributes of
it. He believed that he was the pivot of his leadership and focused on his
personal control, dictating that the ultimate power is in his hands. As per BBC
sources, he stated that “ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward”
(UK ESSAYS, n.d). He did not form a collaborative
environment. Hitler never trusted anyone and only trusted his own intuition .For
example, the incident when Russian troops had approached the border of Germany,
many of the German military generals came up to Hitler to warn him and asked
him to act accordingly .They told him that the situation could get worse, as
the army was reaching nearby, but Hitler never gave a thought to what they said
and did what he felt was appropriate in his opinion. He did not trust any of his
officials (Adolf Hitler Biography.com, August 5, 2017).
Hitler had an incredible
memory and always got annoyed at every variance. He had greed for more and more
power. Theory X proved to be destructive later and Hitler is a great example of
this in the true sense because he had become overconfident. Due to this factor,
Germany lost World War II. His confidence turned into arrogance and always
acted on his instinct. As an example of his extreme self-assurance, he gave
soldiers rifles from World War I to fight in World War II which was against the
new technology. Germany had developed the first jet engine plane but on his
orders to outgo with the research on tanks, the production of jet engine was halted.
His leadership style became the major reason for the loss of Germany against
Russia. Though he was a great leader, his leadership turned abusive. He wanted
control even over those areas to which he knew nothing about. He never
delegated authority or responsibility to his juniors and told them exactly what
to do, how to it and when to do it. He clearly portrayed an authoritarian
TRAITS OF ADOLF HITLER – The
major leadership traits recognized by a research globally are intelligence, confidence,
integrity, sociability, determination and charisma. The traits of Adolf Hitler as
a leader are as follows:
CONFIDENCE – Hitler was
self assured of his abilities, he rose to a great level in the hierarchy scale
by his influential speeches. He got Germany back from the extremity of economic
holocaust. The battles which he made in major areas and key time periods are
facts that show he had great confidence in his skill and ability. He had
crystal clear sight and knowledge of the way to bring his strategies into
practice effectively. For example, when Hitler wanted to gain chairman position
in the party and had strategically left the party, which was truly great
confidence as he knew that they will agree to his terms as the party needed him
as its leader. He also had great strategies, understanding and was of the
policy to defeat one at a time and procure their region to empower.
CHARISMA – Hitler had
great charisma. He was well known for his personality. He was able to influence
people easily and effectively. He is regarded by researches as one of the
biggest orators of the world. He was able to brainwash an entire nation to follow
his principles and thoughts. One of his major speeches is Hofbrauhaus given on 24th February, 1920 at Munich which
was attended by 2000 people, this number kept increasing and later his first
speech at Circus Krone was attended
by 6000 people.
DETERMINATION – Hitler’s
determination and immense persistence of purpose were two attributes which
described him through his governance. He was a man who endeavored for power and
command. To become the commander of Germany and conquer the entire world, he
climbed all the way up from being a soldier to the chancellor of Germany and
the commander of a huge army. He had great will and focus for his ambition.
To sum up, he
was cruel but a brilliant and charismatic leader. He clearly displayed an
authoritarian leadership style leading the entire nation with his command.
AN EVIL LEADER, HE REMAINS IMMORTAL IN HISTORY