Infection associated infections result from the delivery of

Infection control is a
vital process that is important in all healthcare settings, it ensures that
high quality patient care is effectively delivered. The transmission of
infection is inevitable, however effectively utilizing infection control
precautions can reduce the number of occurrences. “Health care associated
infections result from the delivery of health services in a health care setting
that were not present at the time of admission” (p.241). Unknowingly health
care workers can sometimes spread many hospital acquired infections by direct
contact during the delivery of health care. Thus, it is important that health
care providers recognize the elements of the chain of infection and how to
break the chain by using infection control. “The six elements in the chain of
infection are an infectious agent or pathogen, a reservoir or source for
pathogen growth, a portal of exit from the reservoir, a mode of transmission, a
portal of entry to the host, and a susceptible host “(Perry, Potter &
Ostendorf, 2018). By failing to break the chain of infection it could
potentially have a negative impact on the patient’s overall health and safety.

            Failure to implement infection control precautions can
lead to potential complications that include the spread of infection to
otherwise healthy individuals within the health care setting where the
infection occurs and even out into the community through visitors who become
infected (Banach, Bearman, Morgan & Munoz-Price, 2015).  Thus, complications that arise from infection
spreading may not be confined to the hospital or facility where they occur but
can easily become an issue that impacts the outside world as well.  Examples abound, whether they are influenza and
Staph related, SARS-related, or even MRSA. 
Communities can suffer significantly when even the simplest infection
control precautions are not followed by nurses in health care facilities.

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            Another potential complication can be resource-related,
as infection spreading can lead to a drain on resources as procedures are put
in place to stem the spread and deal with contamination, quarantine and
clean-up (Koutlakis-Barron & Hayden, 2016; Revolinski, Huang & Gibble,
2018).  When infection control
precautions such as good hygiene practices, good record keeping, proper waste
disposal, safe injection practices, the use of personal protective equipment,
respiratory hygiene, and disinfection practices are ignored or not followed as
per standard precautionary recommendations, it can lead to resource drain, with
nurses becoming sick and having to call off work; patients becoming worse and
requiring more care thus putting nurses in an overburdened position as they
must also provide services to other patients as well.  It can be a drain on financial resources as
more funds will be needed to support the longer hours and overtime that some
nurses may be forced to work to cover other nurses’ shifts as they call off
because of sickness. By simply working together and implementing good medical
aseptic techniques it will eliminate the domino effect of unfortunate events
that occur when health care workers, and patients are affected by the spread of
infection.

            In conclusion the spread of infections in health care
settings can further delay the recovery, and have negative outcomes for
patients and their families. By failing to follow infection control practices
it puts patient lives in jeopardy. Millions of dollars are spent every day
correcting hospital acquired infections. When health care workers educate
themselves on good hand hygiene practices and medical asepsis it can decrease
the spread of infection throughout hospitals and health care settings. The
overall goal is to ensure patients receive optimal care, restore health, and to
ensure their safety; by maintaining infection control it will ensure the
achievement of those goals.