In Republicans. This would uproot the monopoly that

In the United States current political election system, third party candidates are unfairly dispelled from an equal opportunity to obtain political positions.  The two major parties which are Democrats and Republicans dominate elections due to outdated practices that allow these political giants to triumph over potential third party candidates. These practices do not allow for the public to be properly informed about the existence of third party candidates, and discourage voters from being knowledgeable about political elections.  To mend this problem, the government should create laws to strengthen third parties and weaken the influence of Democrats and Republicans. This would uproot the monopoly that the two party system has on our political election system and allow for third party candidates to have a chance at election, giving Americans a less restricted option of candidates to choose from. 
Although voters desire to vote for third party candidates, they most likely will choose one of the main two parties due to the “Spoiler Effect” which may render their vote useless or even harmful for their political ideals. This effect takes away votes from candidates that are closest to third party candidates in the political spectrum. By voting for third party candidates, votes are taken away from the major party with higher votes and similar views. This split in votes weakens both parties which makes it easier for the party with completely opposing views to win the election. A high-profile example of  the “Spoiler Effect” taking place is the 2000 Presidential election in which Green Party candidate Ralph Nadar received 94,000 votes in Florida which contributed to Democrat Party Al Gore being defeated in the election by Republican candidate George W. Bush who went on to be president for two full terms (January 20, 2001- January 20, 2009).  Due to scenarios like this, voters are reluctant to cast votes for third party candidates, fearing that their efforts will be will be fruitless or even harmful to their political cause. This  flawed system unquestionably stimulates voting to oppose candidates rather than voting for a candidate that the voter sincerely appreciates . This is not healthy for American politics because it allows for candidates to win merely on the fear of the people and not on their actual political positions. Why should the American people be held captive by a system that demands its people to wager our liberties by choosing the “lesser of two evils” when elections can simply be amended to suit the needs of an informed people who yearn for the political diversity of candidates? A simple solution to this mathematical ordeal would be to instill instant-runoff voting (IRV) and to flee from the winner take-all voting which brews opportunist conflicts between major party and third party candidates. In IRV, the spoiler effect is eliminated because even if the third party candidate is not elected, their votes can still go to a similar candidate that the voter most likely put as their second choice. This is an excellent way that the government can create laws to strengthen third parties as lessen the overwhelming grip that Republicans and Democrats have on American Politics.
It is only fair that the government makes laws to strengthen third parties as Democrats and Republicans are extremely powerful, especially financially. While third parties depend on honest, small donations by individual voters, the major parties receive fat checks from corporation, unions contributions and direct funding through political action groups. Left unchecked, these political giants are more than capable of repressing the voices of  third party candidates due to the massive amount of cash that major parties have at their disposal. If the unchecked power of the Republican and Democrat party continue, it is only a matter of time before capitol hill becomes the playground to the highest corporate bidder.