“In role it plays in admissions processes. The

“In institutions of higher education, affirmative action refers to admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded or underrepresented, such as women and minorities. Controversy surrounding the constitutionality of affirmative action programs has made the topic one of heated debate”(Hultin, 2014). This controversy has been seen in multiple Supreme Court cases since affirmative action had begin during the Civil Rights Movement. Grutter V. Bollinger is one of the important cases involved with affirmative action in education. The ruling of this case has had a great affect on both the future of education, but also racial profiling and the role it plays in admissions processes. The case of Grutter V. Bollinger has created a greater awareness for the importance of affirmative action and the factors that play in the decision. The Grutter V. Bollinger case was one in which the affirmative action policy of University of Michigan was questioned and evaluated. This had been brought to the Supreme Court’s attention by Ms. Barbara Grutter, a 43 year old white female who resided in the state of Michigan. She had previously graduated from Michigan State’s undergraduate law school with a GPA of 3.8 and LSAT score of 161, ranking in the 25th percentile of her class. Wanting to complete her graduate degree, Ms. Grutter had applied to University of Michigan with hopes to be accepted into their Graduate Law Program. After several days, Ms. Grutter received a letter stating that she had been denied acceptance into the Law Program. Confused, she had written a letter to the university stating her questions and concerns. After finally receiving a response back, Ms.Grutter was not pleased at all. Included in the letter was information about the universities admissions process and how race is used as a factor in making admissions decisions because it serves a “compelling interest in achieving diversity among its student body”(oyez.org).