In the rise of greenhouse gases. Due

In recent years, a lot of concern has been shown by many countries regarding the rise of greenhouse gases. Due to the rise in temperatures, floods, droughts, abnormal weather and the constant surge in temperature, abnormal weather patterns have been experienced in many parts of the world. Such occurrences have lead to the increase of sea levels worldwide due to the melting of the polar ice caps which causes low lying areas such as Madagascar to decrease in land mass. According to an article published by National Geographic (2015), the rise in global temperatures have changed weather patterns in many parts of the world. As the earth rotates, the accumulated heat rotates along with it which causes moisture to be collected and deposited in different parts of the world. This phenomenon causes the change in weather patterns in many countries. As such, it is important for everyone to do their part in the prevention of global warming due the harm it poses to all mankind. The greenhouse effect, a natural process where the Earth’s atmosphere acts as the walls and ceilings of a greenhouse, trapping gases such as water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. These gases help to moderate the Earth’s temperature, absorbing and re-radiating the longwave radiation in the form of infrared radiation from the Earth’s surface back to the space. However, due to the colossal increase in industrial processes after the Industrial Revolution, halocarbons known as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) emitted as by-products have magnified the greenhouse effect. This increase of halocarbons result in additional heat being retained in the Earth’s atmosphere, and is termed as the enhanced greenhouse effect. A research study conducted by Cairoli (2017) has proven that conserving energy to its maximum can reduce the discharge contributing to the greenhouse gases and effect. The simple act of switching of the lights when not in use may be easily overlooked by some, but can help to lessen the greenhouse effect. By conserving the usage of electricity in every household, the demand drops, reducing the quantity of toxic fumes emitted from the generation of electricity in power plants. To save costs, these power plants often burn natural resources and fossil fuels, such as crude oil and coal, which creates carbon dioxide in the combustion process. This massive production of carbon dioxide far outweighs the capabilities of photosynthesis where carbon dioxide is converted into oxygen, and ends up trapped in the atmosphere, enhancing the greenhouse effect.As countries around the world begin focusing more on global warming, alternative means of energy generation have been researched, and the most efficient alternative is harnessing energy from the sun and converting it into electric energy, which is known as solar power. The adoption rate of solar power has been increasing across many countries around the world, including China, Japan, Germany and the United States of America. Closer to home, Singapore is also playing our part in reducing our carbon footprint. Led by the Singapore Economic Development Board, the Housing & Development Board has launched the ‘SolarNova’ programme, which will see up to 5500 residential buildings installed with solar panels by 2020, reducing the nation’s annual carbon emissions by 132,500 tonnes.