In crazy comes from the “Bethlehem Hospital” an

In classical Greece, milieu therapy was first documented, milieu meaning “place”. People would be taken out of their living environment and be taken to a more secluded place to be treated. After recovering from their condition, they would be taken back to their homes. A variation of these methods are still used today. The treatments were almost always left to the church in the Medieval Times, and was humane by modern standards, where the monk would take the patient into the church or a monastery and treat them there. Around this period of time, demonic possession theories gained more attention, which ended up with the openings of mental hospitals, or asylums. The first asylum in the United States was established during 1773 in Virginia. Treatment was better than before but were not considered humane. Patients rarely left after being accepted into the hospitals, and treatment consisted of stomping on patients, restraints, and immersion in cold water. Because of this, the word bedlam, which means crazy comes from the “Bethlehem Hospital” an asylum outside of London. In the late 1700 in France, Pinel, who was in charge, wanted to change the conditions. He removed chains, improved conditions, and found that the patients had improved also. Because of this new change, he was charged to death. Instead of ding, he was allowed to live, as the executioner was a patient of his. A man by the name Sigmund then came into light. He was originally a neurologist, but started to develop a method of working on hysterical patients. Freud had called it psychoanalysis. Alfred Adler, Sandor Ferenczi, Karl Abraham and Otto Rank were also analysed by Freud and had brief apprentice-type training from him before becoming psychoanalysts in their own right. These men had went back to their home countries to then promote Freud’s methods. these immediate descendants of Freud’s approach are characterized by a focus on the dynamics of the relationships between different parts of the psyche and the external world; thus the term ‘psychodynamics’. Asylums slowly begun to be more popular, with few towns that didn’t have them. The number of public hospital beds used for mental health peaked in 1950. A new era of a large, impatient, mental hospitals began to start. Similarly to before, most patients required full treatment, but few had left. Most of the patients grew unable to leave, as they got used to the conditions, s they could not leave even if they did want to go. A new major change was that the doctors would use drugs to control behaviors of patients that had used to be uncontrollable. But with these, large mental institutions began to close down. But they had still used treatment. Using the drugs, the patients began to heal, and most went home earlier, and came back for regular checkups.