In 1984 by George Orwell he sets up a world whose citizens are constantly under surveillance by the government. The uninterrupted surveillance and control is embodied by “Big Brother”. Throughout the book, the phrase “Big Brother is watching you” is reciprocated numerous times. In the real world, the phrase has come to serve as the misconduct of government power in relation to civil liberties and rights and is often used to refer to instances of mass surveillance of the population. George Orwell was clearly basing the totalitarian government of 1984 on the examples set by real dictators in history such as Adolf Hitler. The tactics used in Big Brother’s government, called the Party, in the novel are on par with the Third Reich, Hitler’s government. In the novel they had a totalitarian government as well. They controlled everything from history to emotions and behavior of its citizens. For example: “Power is not a means; its an end, One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish a dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. Now do you begin to understand me?” (217). This quote alone is based on the Hitler regime further connecting it and the novel.The torture used in the novel is similar to Hitler’s methods. Hitler put Jewish people in concentration camps and killed them using various methods throughout the Holocaust. In the novel, the Ministry of Love held Room 101 which contained the worst fear of the person’s life who was entering it. Such as: “The cage was nearer; it was closing in. Winston heard a succession of shrill cries which appeared to be occurring in the air above his head. But he fought furiously against his panic. To think, to think, even with a split second left – to think was the only hope. Suddenly the foul musty odor of the brutes struck his nostrils. There was a violent convulsion of nausea inside him, and he almost lost consciousness. Everything had gone black. For an instant he was insane, a screaming animal. Yet he came out of the blackness clutching an idea. There was one and only one way to save himself. He must interpose another human being, the body of another human being, between himself and the rats” (121). The torture expressed by Winston is unimaginable. The grimness parallels to what victims of Hitler had to endure. The brainwashing that Big Brother executed on the citizens was done by propaganda, the infamous slogan “Big Brother is watching you”, and the telescreens watching their every move. Hitler used propaganda as well, brainwashing Germans into believing his vision. Such as: “And the Records Department, after all, was itself only a single branch of the Ministry of Truth, whose primary job was not to reconstruct the past but to supply the citizens of Oceania with newspapers, films, textbooks, telescreen programs, plays, novels- with every conceivable kind of information, instruction, or entertainment, from a statue to a slogan, from a lyric poem to a biological treatise, and from a child’s spelling-book to a Newspeak dictionary. And the Ministry had not only to supply the multifarious needs of the party, but also to repeat the whole operation at a lower level for the benefit of the proletariat. There was a whole chain of separate departments dealing with proletarian literature, music, drama, and entertainment generally. Here were produced rubbishy newspapers containing almost nothing except sport, crime and astrology, sensational five-cent novelettes, films oozing with sex, and sentimental songs which were composed entirely by mechanical means on a special kind of kaleidoscope known as a versificator” (57). The Party controlled every aspect of each citizen’s lives simply brainwashing them. Hitler and his regime did the most to do the same just like Big Brother.In conclusion, George Orwell was clearly basing the totalitarian government of 1984 on the examples set by real dictators in history such as Adolf Hitler. Using power, tactics, torture and brainwashing, Oceania and Nazi Germany paralleled each other in nearly every aspect. 1984 was written in 1944. Nazi Germany was founded eleven years earlier in 1933 and was ended just after the book was written in 1945. The timing adds up and comes to show that 1984 was based on Nazi Germany and other totalitarian governments.