In nitty gritty level. It seemed as though

In the 1960s it was a hard time for black
Americans. There was a revolution being driven by two well know black civil
rights leaders. The first phase of the revolution was driven by a young Islamic
black man, Malcolm X, who was a spokesperson for the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X
was adamant that blacks needed to take care of their own business. In the issue
of black integration in American culture. Malcolm X had the ability to reach
any one member of the black nation in America. This revolution was cut short on
a sad day in February of 1965, when Malcolm X was assassinated. This left a
void in the hearts of the people who he had touched upon in his revolt. This
was where things began to get funky. 

Meanwhile, on the other side of the revolution there was a young man known Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. The revolution in which he was leading was a revolution
rather different than the one of Malcolm X. Dr. King’s revolution was one in
which all blacks and all whites could work together. He spoke of this in his
infamous speech I Have A Dream. Though the two leaders were rather different,
they fed off each other’s roles, which in turn provided possibly the strongest
leadership since the Harlem Renaissance, until the death of Malcolm X. 

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After the death of Malcolm X the movement started to get funky. It seemed as
though after the assassination of Malcom X, the revolution’s focal point began
to change. The movement began to head towards a more intense, and nitty gritty
level. It seemed as though all the non-violent organizations such as the
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Congress of Racial Equality, as
well as the Christian Leadership Conference had little hold on what was about
to happen to the movement. The death of Malcolm X brought a new direction in the
movement. In a society of a violent system it was hard for young blacks to take
charge in a non-violent organization, it seemed to be a hypocrisy. And the idea
of tolerance was wearing thin for the whole generation. 

Later on, in the year, around August, the first of many large-scale riots began
to break out. The first one was in Los Angeles, California and lasted for a
little over three weeks. This single riot killed 39 people during its wrath of
burning block after block. This riot was in a sense a sign of the new
revolution to come, due to the song “Burn, Baby Burn” by the Creators, being
played in heavy rotation on one of the Los Angeles radio stations. These riots
sparked an investigation by the federal commission to study the causes of this
riot. After that, rebellion became the current method of protest all across
black America. 

The violent method of protest lead to a movement know as Black Power.

The phrase “Black Power” was brought to the scene during a march on the roads
of Mississippi. The march was known as the “Freedom from Fear” march led by
James Meredith in the year 1966. “Black Power!” was a phrase that was chanted
throughout the entire march. Soon after starting his march, Meredith was shot
by sniper. After this, the phrase “Black Power” developed into a political
manifesto, used by many black Americans. Following this, Stokely Carmichael
challenged the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee to abandon its ties
with its white benefactors and to take the philosophy of “Black Power.” Carmichael
had suggested this in a speech which he had given shortly after his release
from prison. He also pleaded for, “black people in this country to unite, to
recognize their heritage, and to build a sense of community” He advocated that
African Americans should form and lead their own organizations, and urged a
complete rejection of the values of American society. 

After this speech the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee severed their
ties from the white community, in 1966. It began to advocate mainly black led
institutions in the fight for “Black Power,” no longer being referred to as
civil rights. 

The phrase “Black Power” began to be interpreted differently by many black
Americans. As this went on musicians such as James Brown and Curtis Mayfield
were searching for their own resources to make their music appeal to these
people in need of change. The “Black Power” movement was beginning to find
followers of all sorts, who were looking for a place to express the anger and
frustration the present society had laid upon them. 

In Oakland, California during the year 1966, two Merritt College students named
Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale formed and organization for black Americans.
This organization was called the “Black Panther Party for Self Defense” the
goals of this organization involved community policing, active community
centers with health and education services, along with a long-term plan for
black liberation that included a revolution led by black Americans. They
followed police, reading the penal code to arresting officers, and began to
develop a small following in the Oakland area. In the year 1967 the Panthers
dressed in dark leather jackets and dark shades and walked into the California
State Legislature, in full view of the national media. They were armed with
rifles and were demanding an audience. 

The audience was to hear a startling address. The address stated that there are
familiar sights appearing in black communities, such as vicious police dogs,
cattle prods, and increased police patrols. It stated that City Hall disregards
the pleas of Black people for relief from this increased terror. 

America’s Social system went into shock, with the thought of armed black people
entering the scene. Following this address Black Panther Parties opened in over
thirty cities nationwide. This made the FBI extremely nervous and they then
labeled the Black Panthers “America’s Number One threat to national security”
in 1969. Over time there were many conflicts between the Black Panthers and
police nationwide. As time passed, FBI informants had infiltrated the
organization. Many of the leaders of the Black Panthers were double-crossed,
ambushed, or imprisoned because of the infiltration. Despite the number of
leaders that went down, the message of the Panthers was still being conveyed.
They became the backbone of the black nation in America. 

By 1969 the entire country was well aware of the power of black radicals and
the movement they were a part of. For a brief moment, it was possible that
blacks were able to tell whites what they really thought. In 1969 this theory
had spread to music, when Sly and the Family Stone had recorded “Don’t Call Me
Nigger, Whitey.” This opened the doors to young, black, poor males to take
their beliefs to a mass audience. Many were close followers of Malcolm X.
Bootsy Collins, the revolutionary funk bassist who played in James Brown’s
backing band, Parliament, and eventually his own project Bootsy’s Rubber Band
remembers being in a hectic situation that he fell into. Explaining that the
riots were everywhere including right outside his house in Cincinnati, he
stated “We was goin’ for all of it.” George Clinton who at the time owned a
barber shop in Plainfield, New Jersey stated that the National Guard moved in
on groups black youths, who fired back. George Clinton said that he witnessed a
majority of the city’s business district being torched. 

Because musicians were exposed to such occurrences, the themes of the black
revolution were showing up in music. One of the most infamous songs was “Say it
Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud” by the Godfather of Soul, James Brown. James
Brown had a strong hold on placing the emphasis where it was needed. After this
song, the word Black had quickly become a popular word in marchers, soul singers,
and all of the mainstream black population. It had become a word of praise, and
as a legal definition of African-American. This was a step forward for black
people in America, they were now able to express their emotions.

force behind the social revolution of black social culture. In the year 1969
Sly and the Family Stone made its first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show and
was proving to be the beginning of the blast of black music in popular culture. 

The black music revolution began to spread like a disease all over the country.
Themes began to be placed in the lyrics of black music, themes that expressed
black culture. Many bands were part of this new groove, but one stands out, and
that was a creation of George Clinton. 

In 1967, George Clinton decided to make a change, this change would affect
popular black culture till this day. As the breakthrough in black American
culture had evolved, the black music was evolving along with it. Black
music showed the freedom that the black culture had received, it became
experimental, avant-garde, psychedelic, and aggressive. The essence of the
Black Revolution was the incubator of The Funk. It became the driving force
behind the social revolution of black social culture. In the year 1969 Sly and
the Family Stone made its first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show and was
proving to be the beginning of the blast of black music in popular culture. 

The black music revolution began to spread like a disease all over the country.
Themes began to be placed in the lyrics of black music, themes that expressed
black culture. Many bands were part of this new groove, but one stands out, and
that was a creation of George Clinton. 

In 1967, George Clinton decided to make a change, this change would affect
popular black culture till this day. 

The demise of his long time Doo-wop group The Parliaments had come far to
close, so George Clinton took a chance. He made the decision to add a backup
band, they were a rowdy group of teenagers from Plainsfield, New Jersey. The
band became a wild mix of rockers and doo-woppers.

Over time they produced a large assortment of records that have shaped popular
funk culture. Parliament Funkadelic became an outlet for black Americans, by
creating a sub culture that could be enjoyed by any race. They brought many
issues to the table, in their work. The issues discussed black culture and its involvement
in popular American culture. Parliament became a surreal experience which
enlightened anyone that encountered it. Because Parliament Funkadelic appealed
to multiple races, the band forced white people to confront black issues. The
music spoke about life, love, politics, style and partying. All of these were
issues that everyone could relate too. Parliament Funkadelic became an empire, it
spoke these issues in a playful manner, yet always addressed a point. Creating
surreal personas that people could relate too, and always combining humor with
his issues. This created little violence and more of a sense in community. In
the performances, the audience was always included and encouraged to sing
along, this was a way to form a connection between all races, joining them
together in a common interest. Some examples of this are spotted in song
titles, which play on phrases found in common aspects of politics, such as
Uncle Jam, One Nation Under a Groove, Groovallegiance, America Eats its Young,
and Chocolate City. An example of this playful use would be in the line “With
the united funk we can fly! For if our cause was unjust, we couldn’t bring this
funk to you. So, we feel that it’s a must, it is something we should do” or “I’m
a soldier, in the army, of Uncle Jam, come on and work out in that foxhole.
Ain’t no need to get dirty, but you can get down.” Many times, the way the
words were used detracted from its meaning but it leaves it open to
interpretation. Uncle Jam is a song that is dance able but has a marching feel
to it, lyrics such as “Uncle Jam’s army, here- yeah. Disturbing the peace at
the bridge of the river quiet. Marching in the name of the groove. No
AWOP-absent without the P. Uncle Jam’s army here-so you wanna dance? This is
booty do your duty time. We’re soldiers on booty patrol. And I’m your thrill
sergeant, And he’s your thrill sergeant. Gonna keep you on your toes, cause
Uncle Jam wants you, to do what you’re supposed to do, and join his army! The
playfulness in this song can express the point but at the same time people can
have a fun time doing it as well. This specific song came out in the
mid-seventies but still is a prime example of how Parliament Funkadelic played
of the Black Revolution and appealed to Popular Culture. 

In conclusion, the black revolution has evolved over the years. Popular culture
has had an enormous impact on how it was resolved. The entire revolution was
evolved and revolved around popular culture. It formed new art such as
Parliament Funkadelic. A surreal revolution in black culture and music, shaping
the current black culture.