In Southwestern Nigeria and Benin before colonization, the Yoruba people lived. They lived divided into theocratic kingdoms. Even though they were primarily agricultural, the Yoruba also had very skilled artisans and were great tradesmen. Later the Portuguese began the slave trade with the Yoruba, and the Yoruba economy was reliant on the profit from it. Soon the Yoruba would trade war prisoners, so they broke out into wars with neighboring kingdoms. Suddenly starting with the British, countries abolished slave trade, leaving the Yoruba with no one to trade with and in times of war with neighboring countries. The trade with the British and other Europeans disrupted the Yoruba’s economy, leaving them vulnerable to the Europeans and ultimately forcing their downfall in the Scramble for Africa. In the sixteenth century, the Portuguese and other European nations arrived in Yorubaland and coerced them into slave trade. After Portugal began slave trade with the Yoruba, the Yoruba people began to depend on the profit they were earning from trading with Europeans. The cities’ economies were prospering, benefiting from the active trade with the Europeans. Being great craftsmen and farmers, they traded goods such as ivory, cloth, palm products, and salt. However, kingdoms became power hungry and began internal battles within.Battles broke out between the kingdoms when the Yoruba to needed satisfy Europe’s hunger for slaves by capturing war prisoners. Some kingdoms peaked during this period like Oyo gaining power and control through combat, but the Yoruba’s religious capital, Ife Ife, and many other great kingdoms suffered from “the upheaval and warfare such a trade generated” (Colonialism). The population numbers dwindled and kingdoms were weakened. The Yoruba, in constant war among themselves, were becoming vulnerable. Starting with the British in 1807, countries began to abolish slavery. Although the abolition prevented innocent Yoruba people from being taken into slavery and benefiting the Yoruba common people, their market economy was disrupted. Not only were they in constant battles like, but they also lost their trade partners. Therefore the Yoruba broke out into even more battles in hopes of obtaining wealth; but, with even more warfare and civil disrupt, they ultimately were left vulnerable.After the Yoruba were weakened from the destruction of their market economy and wars with each other, in the middle and late nineteenth century, Europeans started to absorb Yorubaland as part of their empire during the Scramble for Africa. In 1861 the British took control of Lagos, “unprovoked step in the process by which the British took control of Yorubaland” (Colonialism). In 1862 the French occupied Porto Novo, a major trading center. By the end of the nineteenth century, most of Yoruba was colonized by Europe. The Europeans exploited the Yoruba people, so a very advanced group of people ultimately suffered greatly. After being forced into trading slaves, only for the commerce to come to an abrupt end, and after the discord that came along with the hunger for power, the Yoruba people were left in a fragile state.