In first woman to run for presidency in

In the 1960s, at a time when race and gender equality were still in the making, “Fighting Shirley” Chisholm stepped up and took on the challenge. Many know her for being the first African American Congresswoman, but she also was the first woman to run for presidency in the United States. Shirley Chisholm, or the self-proclaimed “people’s politician,” certainly stands as a strong and courageous woman in her strides toward equality.Shirley Chisholm was born the oldest of four daughters as Shirley St. Hill on November 30, 1924, to Charles St. Hill and Ruby Seale St. Hill. She grew up in a mostly black neighborhood of Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, New York. Chisholm also spent part of her childhood with her grandmother in the Barbados and got a British education there while her parents worked to make ends meet in the midst of the Great Depression, however she also attended several public schools in Brooklyn and graduated with honors. Even early in her life, she was by no means a stranger to serving the general public. After graduating from Brooklyn College in 1946, she went into a teaching career and received her master’s degree from Columbia University. She then became an educational consultant on the New York City Bureau of Child Welfare for a few years. She truly began leaving a mark when she became the first African-American congresswoman to the House of Representatives, elected to the New York state legislature where she served in Albany and eventually wound up serving for seven terms. She faced off against three other African-American opponents, but wound up winning the primary election by about 800 votes in 1968. Then, in the general election, she ran against James Farmer. Though the two opponent had very similar views when it came to issues involving employment, housing, and education, they had very different methods of running. Farmer belittled women by saying that the district needed “a man’s voice in Washington,” and not from a “little schoolteacher.” Chisholm then used these beliefs against him to only support how women were still viewed as much lesser than men, and won the election by an immense 67 percent. Shirley Chisholm entered the House already with tension due to her outspoken nature. She proclaimed that she would only vote against any defense appropriation bill that involved the Vietnam War. While she was initially placed on the Committee of Agriculture, she felt dissatisfied and requested that she be placed elsewhere. She was then put into the Veterans’ Affair Committee, which was still not her first choice of committee, though it was quite relevant to her district. Eventually, she became a member of the Education and Labor Committee, which she preferred more. She also went on to serve in the Committee of Organization Study and Review. After leaving her seat on the Education Committee and became the first African-American woman to join the Rules Committee in 1977. Chisholm then continued her influence by becoming a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus, which was a huge step in the right direction and major accomplishment for the whole black community. Chisholm continued making history, as she became the first major-party African American candidate to bid for presidency in the United States in 1972. She ran against no other opponents that represented the Black population nor the inner-city poor population. While at first she was not widely known outside of Brooklyn, that changed when she got her name on twelve primary ballots after she embarked on a campaign across the United States. She wound up receiving one hundred and fifty-two votes in the Democratic National Convention, or approximately ten percent of the total. While she did not win, she definitely made progress by getting recognition. In 1974, she received the honor of being number six on the top ten most-admired women list in America according to the Gallup Poll, ahead of Jacqueline Kennedy.While Chisholm’s candidacy for the presidency helped the African American female population gain attention, it brought controversy to the House and created tension. Her campaign led to the splitting of the Congressional Black Caucus since many of her coworkers felt betrayed when she did not take into their consideration when she attempted to create a coalition of women, Hispanics, white liberals, and welfare recipients.