In a twirling baton for Scout. They

In the novel, “To Kill A Mockingbird”  Jem Finch, son of Atticus Finch currently lives in Maycomb, Alabama in Finch’s Landing with his father and his sister Scout. The day after Jem’s 12th birthday Jem had decided to go spend his birthday money on a miniature steam engine for himself and a twirling baton for Scout. They proceed to go out of town to purchase their things, while they’re walking down the street, Mrs. Dubose, an elderly, angry, racist woman who lives near the Finches, often sitting on her porch, glaring at Scout and Jem whenever they pass by, and impolitely questioning on how the way they live, asks aloud “where are you two going at this time of day?” looking for about anything to complain about, Mrs. Dubose blabbers on about how Jem and Scout should behave. When Mrs. Dubose hurdles an insult towards Scout, Jem whispers to her. “Come on, Scout,” he says.  “Don’t you pay any attention to her, just hold your head high and be a gentleman.” But it’s not until Mrs. Dubose comments about Atticus lawing for a black man or “n___” as Mrs. Dubose stated, that Jem became unnerved.  Jem bought his steam engine and then went by another store for Scout’s baton. Jem found no interest in his new purchase. On their way home, they approach Mrs. Dubose’s house. They had just come to her gate when Jem snatched Scout’s baton out of her hand and ran flailing wildly up the steps into Mrs. Dubose’s front yard. Jem cut off all the tops of her camellia bushes, snatched Scout’s baton out of her hand, bent it with his knee and threw it on the ground. He then yanked Scouts hair, kicked her to the ground, then picked her up, looking at her slightly apologetically. When Jem cuts off all the tops of her camellia bushes, Atticus told Jem to go apologize. Mrs. Dubose made a deal with Jem to read to her everyday for 2 hours. Jem goes to Mrs. Dubose’s house and comes to read to her every day.Jem loathes reading to Mrs. Dubose because of her rotten attitude towards him and his sister Scout, he is also extremely disgusted by the way Mrs. Dubose behaves due to her old age. Later on, Jem notices that their stay at Mrs. Dubose’s house gets more and more longer as the days go by and the alarm for their leave goes off a few minutes later every day. On Jem’s last day to read to Mrs. Dubose, the alarm finally went off and it’s time for them to leave. Jem leaves from the house in pure joy and goes to his home in Finch’s Landing. Atticus gets a phone call, telling Jem and Scout he will be back shortly. When Atticus comes home, he enters the door with a small candy box in his hands. Atticus tells Jem that Mrs. Dubose had passed away a few hours ago. He informs Jem as to why he wanted him to read to Mrs. Dubose. Atticus wanted Jem to learn a valuable lesson about courage. So, Atticus explained to Jem that Mrs. Dubose tried to overcome her morphine addiction before she passed. She was aware that it would be difficult, yet she had the courage to overcome her addiction. Atticus hands him the box, inside it reveals a silky white camellia flower, given to him as a token of gratitude.”It suddenly came to me that each day we had been staying a little longer at Mrs. Dubose’s, that the alarm clock went off a few minutes later every day, and that she was well into one of her fits by the time it sounded.”Mrs. Dubose got off her morphine addiction before she died by vowing that she won’t die beholden to “nothing and nobody”, which the drug had did, but she eventually decided that before she died, she would want to overcome her morphine addiction.”When we were small, Jem and I confined our activities to the southern neighborhood, but when I was well into the second grade at school and tormenting Boo Radley became passe, the business section of Maycomb drew us frequently up the street  past the real property of Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose. It was impossible to go to town without passing her house unless we  wished to walk a mile out of the way. Previous minor encounters with her left me with no desire for more, but Jem said I had to grow up sometime.”Growing up means that you have to face unpleasant things instead of avoiding them- and you can’t actually do what you want all the time.”N__-lover is just one of those terms that don’t mean anything- like snot nose. It’s hard to explain- ignorant, trashy people use it when they think somebody’s favoring N__ over and above themselves. It’s slipped into usage with some people like ourselves, when they want a common, ugly term to label somebody.””You aren’t really a n__-lover, then, are you?””I certainly am. I do my best to love everybody… I’m hard put, sometimes- baby, it’s never an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor that person is, it doesn’t hurt you.”In giving Scout a lesson in how racism works, Atticus also does the same for the audience. Racists use the term “n__-lover” to suggest that a person is trying to give African-Americans special rights, but Atticus points out that he is arguing for equality, loving everybody the same. The end of the quote suggests that some insults do tell you more about the person telling them rather than at their target.