In being. In illustrating this conflict, Oliver develops

In The Black Walnut Tree, poet Mary Oliver contrasts the practical needs of a family as well as their moral being. In illustrating this conflict, Oliver develops two contrasting images of the connection between the family and the tree, a logical relationship between a mother and daughter and high valued property, and an allegorical relationship where the tree is immortalized as the anchor keeping the family from drifting away. Through utilization of diction, Oliver shows that the relationship between the family and the tree goes past logical thinking, and truly symbolizes the beautiful and infinite connections that tie the family back to one another even through the thick and thin. 
The diction that the poet relies on is the use of contrasting words to demonstrate the bond that the family has to the tree, is one stronger than their financial crisis. The utilization of words like “heavier,” “roots,” and “harder” give the very first descriptive language for the tree and its importance towards the landscape that it rest upon, and with continuous growth, the upkeep of the tree becomes more burdensome and tiring for the women of this family(Oliver 11,12,15). Nonetheless, with the usage of these words, it confirms the extensive growth of the tree and the mammoth task that is needed to maintain it; the tree has shot an invasive root system throughout the property, thoroughly entangling itself into the home and the values that it symbolizes. The tree’s roots have grown attached to the family. Now, even though their fathers are no longer with them, the walnut tree has grown to become the symbol of the family’s hardships and triumphs over the years since it has been present for every moment. Therefore, the acting of chopping down the tree for money would disunite the family since the diction emphasizes the connections that the tree made with the family; even for money, its destruction would ultimately bring an bittersweet end to the memories and connections that the family have with one another. Furthermore, the poet employs diction such as “shame,” “emptiness,” and “fathers” in order to describe the emotions that the family had concerning the tree (Oliver 27-29). Without it, a blackhole would exist in the family, both physically and emotionally. Physically, the backyard without the tree would be in a state of “emptiness”, and emotions like “shame” and guilt would be born within the family due to the fact that the mother and daughter could not maintain the very house and tree that theirs fathers had slaved away for and a sense of failure would shadow the women. Since fathers are often depicted as the head of households and the person who provides, it is shameful and selfish of the mother and daughter to disregard all the father’s work to keep the tree in exchange for the money that they themselves have not earned. Thus, the saddening and powerful diction used in this part demonstrates the strong connection that the tree holds within the family, especially in keeping the father united with the home.
Evidently, the diction is a prominent force in developing the connection between the tree and the meaning of the story. To outsiders, the poem may be viewed as a struggle between money and a tree, but it truly engulfs the ties that connect a family together and make the home rich with memories and love. 
Oliver utilizes The Black Walnut Tree to construct the mind set that even though money may seem tempting in the moment, true familial relationships are more important in the long run because they are what build and maintain a true home; money may be able to buy tangible goods, but it will not buy the happiness and love of the family together. Therefore, Oliver’s poem is carefully exercised to demonstrate this complex epiphany about a family’s internal struggle with impressive and strong diction.