In Canada and around the globe, there

In
Canada and around the globe, there are many shocking health problems that are
in need of more attention and initiatives put into place to help our population
stay healthy. This, however, isn’t something that can be done all at once and
it is therefore necessary to focus on global health problems that affect many
civilians around the globe that can be prevented or improved. In my opinion, the
greatest global health problems are Noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease,
stroke, diabetes and mental illness. These chronic illnesses can’t be caught
from others, but instead are increasingly rising due to risk factors such as risky
behaviours, built and social environments, diet, and metabolic risk factors.

These include poor diet, consumption of alcohol and tobacco, and lack of
physical activity. It has been found that Noncommunicable diseases cause 35
million of the 53 million annual deaths worldwide, where than three quarters of
these deaths occur in low income or middle-income countries (Di
Cesare et al., 2013). In
this analysis, I will be focusing on diabetes as a global health problem. Many
people are unaware of this issue, in part since this chronic illness cannot be
detected by simply looking at someone and has become so common in our societies
today.

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I
believe this problem needs to be addressed due to the vast number of people
affected by this chronic disease and whose health and life longevity is
impacted. It was found in a study that compiled data from various
countries, that in the year 2011
there were 366 million people with diabetes, which is
expected to rise to 552 million by 2030 (Whiting et al., 2011). Most of these people living with diabetes come
from low- and middle-income countries, and it is important to note that
this main part of the population that is being affected by this disease to
address the issue. In a paper detailing the global diabetes epidemic by Kolb
and Mandrup-Poulson (2010), the increase in cases of diabetes in low- and
middle-income communities is caused by the adoption of the following major risk
factors for diabetes, which include sedentary
lifestyles, over nutrition, low dietary fibre, sleep deprivation and depression.

These poor eating habits are due to the affordability of unhealthy foods in
combination with decreased physical activity. The increased rate of diabetes in
turn increases the risk of obesity in the population, causing complications in
other areas of health and showing a trend of having numerous chronic diseases
at once.

It
is apparent that there is a need for improved prevention and treatment in
various countries around the world in addition to what is currently being done.

In relation to diabetes management, there are a small set of medications
available, interventions and educational opportunities to promote healthy
lifestyles and self-management, and opportunity of screening for early
detection and treatment (WHO, 2016). Although these are all current options for
diabetes management and prevention, they are for the most part unavailable in
the low-and middle-income countries that need them the most. The main
medications in diabetes management are insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents,
which are widely unavailable in these areas. It is of great importance to make
these necessary medications available through offering an affordable rate at an
attainable location. Other key actions that would manage the rising rates of diabetes
include integrating public education on the disease and its management,
improving the access and affordability to healthier diets in areas of
low-income, and implementing accessible primary care to allow for early
screening and treatment.