I. the capacity to experience one’s sexual attitude

                                                                                                                                           I.           
METHODOLOGY

AIM:

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The aim of the study is
to assess the relationship between sexual attitude and self-esteem among female
sex workers.

OBJECTIVES:

·       
To assess the relationship between sexual
attitude and self-esteem among female sex workers.

·       
To assess the relationship between sexual attitude
and self-esteem among general women population.

·       
To find the mean difference in the self-
esteem among female sex workers and general women population.

·       
To assess the mean difference in sexual
attitude among female sex workers and general women population.

 

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS:

1.    
Sex work: Sex work is the provision
of sexual services for money or goods. (WHO, 2002)

2.    
Female Sex Worker: Women who receive
money or goods in exchange for sexual services, and who consciously define
those activities as income generating even if they do not consider sex work as
their occupation. (WHO,2002)

3.    
Clients: (usually men) who pay with
cash or other resources for sexual services either   explicitly or within an agreed package that
includes other services such as entertainment or domestic service. (WHO, 2002)

4.    
Self-esteem: “The evaluation
which the individual makes and customarily maintains about himself, expressed
as an attitude of approval or disapproval” ( Rosenberg)

5.    
Human Sexual attitude: sexual attitude is a person’s belief  about sexuality shown by a person’s behaviour
and are based on cultural views and previous sexual experience. ( Pam M.S.,
2013)

6.    
Sexual esteem: Positive regard for
one and confidence in the capacity to experience one’s sexual attitude in a
satisfying and enjoyable way.(Snell &. Papini, 1989)

7.    
Sexual depression: The experience of
feelings of depression regarding one’s sex. (Snell & Papini, 1989)

8.    
Sexual preoccupation: Thetendency to
think about sex to an excessive degree.

 (Snell &.
Papini, 1989)

 

 

 

HYPOTHESIS:

        
·           
H00 – There will be
significant relationship between self-esteem and sexual attitude among female
sex workers.

       
·           
H1-There will be significant
difference in self-esteem among female sex workers and comparable population.

       
·           
H2 -There
will be significant difference in sexual attitude among female sex workers and
comparable population.

 

VARIABLES:

Independent variable:
self-esteem

Dependant variable: sexual
attitude

 

SAMPLE DESIGN AND
SAMPLING

The universe of this
study would be all the female sex workers aging from 18-35 years and comparable
women population of the same age group. 
The population would be taken from several districts in Kerala and
Karnataka. The sample size of this study is 60 (30 female sex workers and 30
comparable women population). The sample for this study would be obtained
through purposive sampling.

INCLUSION CRITERIA

·       
Age range between 18-35 years of age.

·       
Sex workers who have joined at least 6
months in this profession

·       
Only full-time sex workers

·       
Registered sex workers

·       
Married and unmarried women

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

·       
Part-time sex workers

·       
Women who has opted this as a secondary
profession are excluded.

·       
Women who are out from the profession

 

 

MATERIALS REQUIRED

 

Socio-demographic data

The socio-demographic
data includes name (optional), age, education, marriatal status, annual income,
place of residence, no. Of years in this field, began as a minor/adult, usage of contraceptives,
HIV+/-, any unwanted pregnancies during past 12 months,
any forced sexual experience for the past 12months, condom use.

Enhanced Self – Esteem
Scale

Enhanced self-esteem
scale by Sudha Bhogle & Romate John (2006).

Enhanced Self-Esteem
Scale contains four factors emerged from the factor analysis viz., physical and
psychological health, sexuality and profession, family and social support and
self. The tool also includes a five-point rating scale. Subjects are asked to
rate their physical Appearance, Physical Health, Relationship with family
members and oneself as a person on a five point rating scale. The rating is as
follows: Very good = 5; Good = 4 ; OK = 3 ; Poor = 2 & Very Poor = 1. 20
items scale has 3 alternative ratiings which include, “often”, “occasionally”,
and “never”.The instructions are as follows, “This Scale is designed to measure
how you see yourself. There are 20 items. Each item has three alternatives –
‘often’, ‘sometimes’ and ‘never’. Read each item (listen to each item)
carefully and then decide which of the three choices your answer is. Put a tick
mark (?) in the correct column. There are no right or wrong answers. The
information given by you will not be shared with anybody.” The scale is said to
have an excellent content and face validity.

Sexuality Scale

Developed by William
Snell and Dennis Papini (1989), the Sexuality Scale measures three aspects of
your sexual identity. The Sexual Esteem subscale measures your tendency to
evaluate yourself in a positive way in terms of your capacity to relate
sexually to others. The Sexual Depression subscale measures your tendency to
feel saddened and discouraged by your ability to relate sexually to others. The
Sexual Preoccupation subscale measures your tendency to become absorbed in
thoughts about sex on a persistent basis. The instructions are as follows, “For
the 30 items that follow, indicate the extent of your agreement or disagreement
with each statement, using the key shown below. Record your responses in the
spaces to the left of the items. There are no right or wrong answers. The
information given by you will not be shared with anybody and would only use for
research purpose.” . Through cronbach alpha coefficient the reliability for the
sexual-esteem (range = .91 to .92), sexual-depression (range = .85 to .93), and
sexual-preoccupation (range = .87 to .91) subscales.Test
-retest reliability provided clear preliminary evidence of the stability for
the sexual-esteem (range = .69 to .74), sexual-depression (range = .67 to .76),
and sexual preoccupation (range = .70 toInternal reliability is excellent. Thus
far, the scale’s validity has been examined through factor analysis, which can
be used to evaluate the extent of overlap among the subscales. The factor
analysis showed that the three sub-scales do measure independent aspects of
one’s sexual attitude.

PROCEDURE

The aim of the study is
to find the relationship between sexual attitude and self-esteem among female
sex workers. Samples are collected from different parts of Bangalore. Total
sample for this study is 60 (10 female sex workers and 10 general comparable
women population). After the approval of ethical committee and informed
consent, data are collected. Initially their informed consent is being taken
followed by sociodemographic detail. After this, the purpose of the study is
made clear to them and later the scales are being introduced to them.
Information in-take is face-to-face. The first scale is “Enhanced Self Esteem
Scale” by Sudha Bhogle & Romate John, which has 20 statements, later “Sexual
attitude Scale” by William E. Snell &Dennis R. Papini, which has 30
statements. The participants are told that the test is voluntary and at any
point of time they could leave the test. No harming or threatening is induced
to the participant.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

The statistical
analysis are based on the objectives and the hyothesis formulated above.

·       
To
find the relationship between sexual attitude  and
self-esteem among female sex workers Pearson
product moment correlation would be used.

·       
To
find the relationship between sexual attitude  and
self-esteem among general female
population Pearson product moment correlation would be used.

·       
To
find the mean difference in the self- esteem among female
sex workers and general women population t-test is used.

·       
To find the mean difference in sexual
attitude among female sex workers and general women population t-test
would be used.