I am going to provide a rational for educational resources and evaluate the usefulness of these.
Having listened to advice at Jamie Oliver’s Ministry of food, I visited a resource centre to gather resources. The Eat well Guide contains a wide selection of realistic looking Asian and British food and plastic mat. A Fruit and Vegetable Bingo game consists of cards with instructions therefore, children can take part in a class/ group activities. The ‘Change4life’ posters aid children’s’ learning as parents can encourage them to live healthy lifestyles. A fitness dice will engage children in fun physical activities. I have also designed an activity sheet related to physical exercise.
My target audience is children aged 7-11. Child obesity is a major problem as BBC news (2015) states “one in five children are obese leaving primary school”. Board of Science (2005, p.1) states “the prevalence of obesity in all age groups poses such a serious problem that the World Health Organisation has described it as ‘global epidemic’. Fats provide energy needed in small amount for optimum health. Board of Science (2005) Government research found that 94 per cent of 7-10 year olds consume more saturate fat than is recommended. Children have a high metabolism therefore energy should be balanced with the amount of calories consumed. NHS (2016) ‘energy dense foods high in saturated fat’ and irregular exercise increases body mass intake.
Board of Science (p.2.2005) “Those from low socio-economic backgrounds have a greater risk of obesity than children in more affluent households”. As WHO (2017) states “in 2016 41 million children were obese”. The modern economy encourages the consumption of process foods which are high in fat, salt and sugar. Low incomes have restricted access to food retailers where healthy food is accessible due to financial burdens. Opportunities to exercise may be limited; for example, there may be nowhere safe to play, shortage of money to participate.
The Food Standard Agency (n.d.) states “the Eat well Guide is a visual representation of how different foods contribute towards healthy balanced diet”. A balanced diet should provided children with macronutrients. The Office for National Statistics found children (7-14) had a preference of high fat content diets and low consumption of fruit and vegetables. An Eat a well balanced diet consists of five portions of fruit and vegetables. The Eat Well guide will allow children to take involvement in group activities and learn about the different food groups.
The Bingo game will allow children to compete and challenge each other. By naming the correct fruit and vegetables and visually learning children will receive a sticker. Children should know why fruit and vegetables are needed in their diet. In school behaviour policies children are awarded for their good work. Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1990) suggested positive reinforcement will enable children to repeat wanted behaviour therefore, offering rewards and praise will help develop self esteem and confidence.
(Breaking Muscle, n. d.) According to a study published in the ‘Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences’, processed foods contribute to insulin resistance due to concentration of chemicals leading to Type 2 Diabetes. Ready meals have higher intake of salt leading to high blood pressure. Protein supports growth and it is essential the body receives amino acids.
Hargrove (n.d.) Free healthy school meals and free fruit programmes, encourage healthy eating habits. Support through local authorities raise awareness and offer advice such as “Change4life” campaign. The ‘sugar swaps’ posters aid parents to take involvement in their childs education and to also enable parents to consider what changes and could do to support their child. The National Standard for School Lunches (2006) ensures schools have a supply of high quality meat, fish and poultry. At least two portions of fruit and vegetables are available with meals and access to water is available.
The British Soft Drinks Association reported to the Health Committee on Obesity that children drink an average of 4.7 litres of soft drink per week. Due to this the Food Standards Agency reduces salt and increasing water in school. Healthy snacks rich in vitamins and minerals control body fluids of cells building strong bones and teeth. BBC Good food (2016) children age 7-10 should consume 24g (6 teaspoons) and 3-5g of salt. Jamie Olivers recently campaigned against a 20p tax ban on sugary drinks.
Obesity in the UK has increased due to children eating too much for the amount of physical activity undertaken. Board of Science (2005, p.21) Physical activity is important for bone and health development as exercises during the ‘growth spurt’ help increase bone density and protect osteoporosis in later life. Heaton-harris (2012, p.7) The School of Medical Officers 2004 stated ‘for children and young people, a total of 60 minutes of at least moderate intensity physical activity is needed’. Board of Science (2005, p.24) Physical activity has a lasting impact; when students leave schools with positive attitudes towards sport and their own ability, they are more likely to be physically active as adults.
According to the number and exercise shown on the dice children will carry out an exercise. The activity sheet is designed for children to have fifteen minutes to complete an activity. Once they have succeeded in this, they wil receive a sticker. Children will write down sentences about their favourite activity by looking at what they completed. Therefore, this could be implemented into both Maths and English lessons.
Training (2017) Companies influence childrens immediate dietary preferences. McDonalds uses “Happy Meal” trademark persuading children buying burgers will make them happier. Eating unhealthy raises cholesterol and blood pressure also ‘low fat’ products contain high amounts of carbohydrates and sugar. The WHO rated ‘heavy marketing as a ‘probable’ cause of childhood obesity. Broad of Science (2005, p.24) The Office of Communications (2004) suggested television advertisements negatively influence children and a total ban would have a wider impact. Berg (2005, p.4) suggests parents have no control of their childs food choices as advertisers and food manufactures are encouraging the consumption of unhealthy foods. Board of science (2005, p.5) states “the environment encourages high energy intake, which can often undermine parental effort to give their children a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle”.
My educational resources will make a difference and educate children to know what a healthy balanced diet is. The posters will aid childrens learning, raise awareness and motivate parents to not foods high in calories. Obesity occurs due the influence of uneducated families because young children have no control on what they eat. I believe obesity rates have increased Primary Schools as children spend majority of their time away from home. Therefore, encouraging children to participate in activities and creating an educational aid will deliver a positive message. Obesity leads to psychological problems such as low self esteem therefore influences childrens relationships with others and could lead to depression.
After gathering research, I decided to carry out an experiment on my target audience. This was carried out in a controlled setting similar to school as I wanted results to be reliable and accurate. Clear verbal instructions were given to children and answering questions prevented misunderstandings. A suitable time was arranged which meant the observation was not rushed. Childrens participation in activities and indentifying healthy and unhealthy foods delivered effective positive feedback.
A questionnaire allowed me to gain better insight to knowledge children had consumed. Although the questionnaire supported the usefulness of my resources, improvements such as adding colour and further questions would have enhanced learning. Although, I avoided closed ended questions and used open ended questions to give children time to think, structure could have been improved. The questionnaire and observation of my resources was carried out on a family member therefore, could have led to restrictions. However, I did have access to a school environment to do this which was a problem.
The Eat well Guide consists of realistic food and a large mat. Through familiarising every day foods, visual and kinaesthetic learners can learn the concept of healthy and unhealthy diet. However, children could develop their creativity skills through designing their own eat well plate. Active learning is more effective as taking involvement would prevent disengagement.
Although the bingo game if fun, further improvement such as questions with the correct picture would have been more effective. Children like to explore therefore, though trail and error and suggesting ideas would have gained better knowledge as accessing their own though process would have led to better understanding.
Furthermore, although posters for parents aid childrens learning, for uneducated families this could be an issue. Therefore, creating a resource for children who have uneducated parents would have been more effective as they would understand the information. Instead, I could have included a resource such as recipe cards for children to take home and cook with their parents. This will be effective as it could have educated parents about preparation food and how it contributes to health. For example, steaming vegetables allow nutritional value than boiling them.
The fitness activity sheet supports children to meet the recommendations and complete an hour of exercise. However, adding colours would make it more appealing. Including fewer activities means children have more time to complete fitness without rushing. A rewards system chart encourages children to do well and leads to motivation. Recording data on a rewards system and using positive reinforcement is effective.
The fitness dice enables children to take part in six activities. However, this resource would have been most effective if it included more activities as children can lose concentration after a while if the exercise they land on is the same. Therefore, creating a separate activity sheet consists of a range of exercises and available options to children. Children may also chose the activity from a list and decide what they want to participate in themselves.