Human a phase of decentralization which was characterized

Human beings have an extensive and enigmatic history. As a result, many different groups of people have teamed up to figure out the evolution humans and uncover the mysteriousness of the past. Archeologists have recovered artifacts that give a clue to human existence. Historians study various resources that connect ideas to create theories, while scientists have played a significant role in examining the artifacts and testing the historical theories. This paper will discuss some of the world’s most essential civilizations by highlighting the cultures that I find more livable and interesting. To achieve this, the paper will discuss the city of Ur during the Early Dynastic Period and the Anyang civilization that embraced the Shang culture. In my opinion, the most live-able civilization existed during the early dynastic period in the infamous Mesopotamian city of Ur, a region that was surrounded by other influential and strategic centers such as Uruk, Umma, Lagash, and Nippur. Before the establishment of these cities, the Sumerian region was dominated by Ninevite V culture that spawned from middle of Euphrates region to northern parts of Mesopotamia and from the Yorghan Tepe to the east to the Khabur triangle that was located to the western parts. Notably, this eon experienced a phase of decentralization which was characterized by the absence of monumental edifices and complex governmental structures. Among the aspects that made this era live-able was the emergence of towns and villages in the 2700BC. For the first time in history, human beings lived together in what can be termed as civilized conurbations of the era. Remarkably, it was during this period that there developed a formal governance of the people. There developed city-states which were composed of urban centers that directly controlled a hinterland and people were confined in villages. Remarkably, one of the aspects that caught my attention was the rapid inventions that occurred during this era. People invented canal irrigation method and tapped water from river Euphrates to water the lands. Due to irrigation, there was increased food production which consequently led to increased population and the need for greater farming and herding regions. As the Ur city expanded, there developed conflicts between various states due to increased competition on the available resources. The conflicts between these cities were further aggravated by harsh climatic conditions that caused semi-permanent rivers to dry. The most interesting civilization to live in would have been Anyang.  The Anyang civilization existed between 1600 and 1046BC and was ruled by the Shang dynasty that observed the Shang culture. The most noticeable aspect of this culture is the fact that it was the first dynasty to introduce written records which were majorly inscribed on bronze and bone objects. The Shang culture was interesting to live in due to various inventions that were developed at the time.  There was improved conservation of history, data, and information through the invention of written records. Secondly, there was the expansion of the empires and development of sophisticated architectural designs. More importantly, there was increased ornamentation and manufacturing of weapons and artifacts using bronze. Finally, unlike many civilizations in the world, Women in the Shang dynasty held significant positions in the society. For instance, Lady Fu Hao was believed to have to lead a great military career as evidenced by bone inscriptions and weapons found in her tomb. To sum up, it is apparent that the further we go back in history, the more mysterious the aspects of human civilization becomes. Essentially, it is clear that humans lived for millions of years before the development of civilized cities. Notably, civilization increased tensions and city-state administrations were forced to secure and centralize people into city-guarded empires. Moreover, civilization brought about an advanced organization of the society, increased agricultural activities, led to the development of multiple cities, and finally stimulated the development of some forms of religion.