How for married Oromo (name of one

How Culture is hindering the realisation of Human Rights in my community Ethiopia is a home of more than 80 nations nationalities and peoples, she is also a country with so many useful cultures that have the potential to advance human rights like caring for the aged, disabled and cultures like siqqe which gives socially sanctioned set of rights for married Oromo (name of one of the ethnic groups in Ethiopia) women which is according to Bona recognised as a peaceful way through which married Oromo women defend there right (2013).On the other hand, Ethiopia is also a country where harmful traditional practices and cultural believes continued to hinder the realization of human rights especially women’s enjoyment.  The FDRE constitution has given a wider recognition for human rights of women in addition to its incorporation of international human right instruments ratified by Ethiopia as an integral part of the law of the land (Art 9/4 cum 13/2). But Even though the constitution clearly stipulates that ‘the state shall enforce the right of women to eliminate the influences of harmful customs. Laws, customs and practices that oppress or cause bodily or mental harm to women are prohibited’ (Art.35/4) in fact those cultural practices have continued to be widely practiced in the rural parts of Ethiopia and human right abuses are emanating from them.Culture what Kymlicka calls ‘societal culture’ provides meaningful ways of life across the full range of human activities encompassing both public and private spares (1995, p.76). And this culture is deeply rooted in my community which makes it difficult for the people to adjust their conducts with the principles of human rights which contradict there believe and their daily experiences. As Kymlicka puts it, people make choices about the social practices around them, based on their believe about the value of these practices. (1995, Pp82-84)Acts of violence against human rights like Female Genital Mutilation(FGM), early marriage and abduction have been prohibited in Ethiopia for a long time now but According to UNIICFE’s briefing note “despite the lack of reliable and up to date data on the prevalence of harmful traditional practices in Ethiopia, the available evidence indicates that female genital mutilation, abduction for marriage, early forced and child marriage constitutes the most prevalent forms of violence against women” (2015). this is because those acts are defined as acts which leads to ‘dignified life’ in the society. According to the cultural believes FGM is necessary to preserve virginity, to make her ‘decent’ and to maintain the moral behaviour of the women in the society, regarding  early marriage its purpose is ‘protecting’ the girl from being ‘komo kere’  which literally means a women who is no longer wonted for marriage, this proofs that  culture is “providing criteria of evaluation of what is deemed right or wrong” in the rural community rather than the constitution or other international conventions ratified by Ethiopia (Mazrui 1990,as cited in Bona, 2013)Therefore, the social pressure to conform to the cultural requirements is one of the major causes for violence of human right in the community. In some cases, knowing the negative impacts of harmful practices peoples will be forced to practice them as a result of fear of stigma and social exclusion.The culture of silence and secrecy that prevails in my community also have a negative impact in the realization of human rights since most of the time victims of human rights violence are discouraged from reporting violence’s due to fear of social exclusion which might make the condition more worth for them. As a result, the perpetrator will remain un punished. Which makes it difficult for the government to fulfil its duty to “provide remedy, whether judicial or administrative to all victims of human rights violation” (Mégret ,2013p.103)Generally, we can say that ‘culture plays a vital role in understanding and