History (hourglass) After the collapse of the Qing dynasty. The communist and nationalist parties of china conjoined in an alliance. Then after the coniterm caused bankruptcy due to trying to unsuccessfully take major cities like GuangZhou. Mao then lead a party of peasant against Chiang Kai Shek and the people liberation army which would result in Mao taking control of the CPC or Communist Party of China. After Mao took control president Nixon sent troops to china in order to free them from the people’s liberation army. Due to the soviet tensions moa was convinced that China was falling apart and in attempt to piece together china Mao started the cultural revolution. The Great Leap forward was a campaign that ultimately was a major fail. The idea was that if chineses citizens could smelt all there extra Iron (pots, pan, toys) they could catch up to britain’s output rate. Because of the quality of the iron the machines part broke super fast, while they did not have enough trains to export are the iron that was being created. Because all the people were being taken away at the fields. The workers in the field decreased allowing for the great famine. Then to give China’s younger population a revolutionary experience, and to try to achieve the goal of better education, health care, and cultural systems (less elitist) through the creation of new policies. Mao originally tried to achieve these goals through the mobilisation of China’s youth creating the red guard. The Red Guard was allowed to search citizens items to see if it was modernist or intellectuals. During this time Mao had concerns about “bourgeois” infiltrators in his party and government. Also called people who didn’t share his perception of china’s new future. Mao then shut down all of China’s schools, and encouraged the red guards to attack all traditional values (“bourgeois”) items.  Mao would also test party members by public criticizing  them. Mao truly believe that this was the best route for China.