EVOLUTION transferred to a long distance made

EVOLUTION OF 5G TECHNOLOGY TOWARD 2020 AND BEYOND

Akhilesh Grandhe
16100029    Bhupendra kumar ratre
16100019                                                                           

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 Dr S P Mukherjee International Institute of
Information Technology, Naya Raipur-493661, Chhattisgarh, India

          

Abstract— Growth in
human civilization, advanancement in science and technology made   communication to play vital role in  life of human 
. technology is changing day by day, smart phones has become part of
human life .In this paper  we have mainly
focused on essence of 5G and need of it for future generation , networks are
used to connect whole world in past few decades communication through internet
is significantly contributes to countries economy 5G makes communication more
reliable and efficient 5G provides high band width ,user friendly.LTE based
prosystem, NOMA and many other predominant technologies are being used in 5G In
coming days 5G can occupy world market It avoids error and unparallalised
consistency.

I.                  
INTRODUCTION

 

.
To communicate through wireless media with high reliability technology is
improving day by day .As per the wire less technologies concerned  we have various generations like 1G, 2G, 3G,
4G, 5G

1G  It  is
the first generation wireless  technology
which was started  in 1980, NMT(Nordic
mobile telephony),TACS(total access communication system, ETACS(European total
access communication system)started wireless communication in  1G the speed was up to 2.4kbps ,it allows
voice calls in one country . Analog signals are preferred in this generation,
As analog signals cannot be transferred to a long distance made raise to new
generation 2G.

2G
second generation  works with digital
technology in which analog signals are converted to digital and analog signals
are converted in to digital during communication  which can travel over a long distance.GSM is
the technology is introduced for wireless voice communication and data
access  2.5G technology  was later introduced with data speed was up
to 64kbps It provides services like text and picture messages. In this  technology gprs is introduced for data
transmission but data rate is low(56.64kbps) hence we moved to 2.75G.

2.75G
uses  EDGE(enhanced data rate for gsm
technology) with  data rate of 170kbps.
2G,2.5G,2.75G combindly known as 2G technology

3G:third
generation uses (UMTS)  universal mobile
terrestrial system which gives data rate of 384kbps. It also provide us videos
calling this increased bandwidth and introduced web applications. It provides
faster communication in sending and receiving messages .cost is the major draw
back and it  phone size is increased

4G:
1gbps data rate for stationery users and 100mbps for high

Mobility
users we need higher data rate when we move in bullet trains. Now our target is
5G (10gbps ), it includes features like 
high speed data access and high quality streaming video , it combined
stuff of wi-fi and wi-max, more security is its predominant feature it has high
capacity and low cost per bit

5G  technology is the complete wireless
communication with no  limitations, which
highly supports wwww( wireless world wide web) 5G is more efficient and
attractive . The major objectives of this technology are cloud service ,High
speed internet ,wireless ,HDCCTV  in
addition to this in order to support IOT and electronic smart devices augmented
devices  which leads to tremendous amount
of massive connectivity which can be supported by 5G .5G  can provide interactive media ,voice
streaming video calling, high speed internet and other services

 

 

 

 

       II. NEED OF  5G TECHNOLOGY

5g technology is still in development 
and likely to deploit in society it includes faster communication lower
latency service and better coverage which provides larger number of users over
a wider area Before 10 years we are dealing with flip phones ,voice calls and
sms but  in order to have more data rate
and faster access we go with 5g  and iot
based applications and many future innovations like machine to machine speaking
and also increase reliability and efficiency

             

III. FEATURES OF 5G
TECHNOLOGY

 

 

5G
will include a new radio access technology 
and many other predominant features Which enables us to connect to whole
world the previous  generations 3g and 4g
created many Issues of connectivity and technology which we can over come in
this 5G technology by 2020

5G
will be started  first in the areas where
there is need of fast communication services 
with high frequency bands

 5G includes MIMO ( multiple input and multiple
output ) it is use in antenna in telecommunication for end to end
connection  NOMA  ( non orthogonal multiple access)technologies
thy consumes power to separate signals 
they also isolates high energy signals and removes low energy signals at
receivers end

The
predominant features of 5G are  good
performance , high performance with low battery life

5g
technology is used in cellular systems 
which is communication without wires the land area is divided into cells
and communication in each cells gives cellular networks

                      Challenges faced in 5G

1)Area
of coverage and users will be drastically increases if 5G can into market so
managing this will be a big challenge

 

2)Power
consumption for using and making of devices will be double and triple and other
generation mobiles will be reduced more than 90%

 

3)It
provides fast ,secure and very low down time to all users

 4)Machine to machine communication , eco
friendly maintenance also makes work difficult.

 

5)
MIMO and NOMA design for packet transmission

 

 

 

                                    CONCLUSION

 

5G
technology is the most emerging and necessary for future generations
.developing high data rate transfer and internet protocols are essential , 5G
makes implementation likeable solution for coming generation as every thing is
being automated and advancing . 5G supports private networks which makes data
more secure and increase transmission rate to a long distance over a very short
period of time

 

 

 

 

                                     REFERENCES

1) DOCOMO Press Release, “DOCOMO’s 5G outdoor trial achieves 4.5 Gbps
ultra-high speed transmission,” Mar. 2015.

2)S. Suyama, J. Shen, and Y. Oda, “10 Gbps outdoor transmission
experiment for super high bit rate mobile communications,” DOCOMO Technical Journal,
vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 22-28, Apr. 2014

3)DOCOMO Press Release, “DOCOMO to collaborate on 5G with five
additional vendors – expands 5G collaborations to 13 world-leading vendors -,”
July 2015https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2015/0722_00.html